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Comprehensive Development Framework

Available in: 中文, русский
Projects supported by the World Bank are designed to carry out national poverty-reduction strategies. The Comprehensive Development Framework governs the development of those strategies. Presented to the World Bank Board of Governors in 1998, the framework spells out four principles, all of which mark significant shifts in thinking about development since the 1990s:
  • Development strategies should be comprehensive and shaped by a long-term vision. In the past, development strategies emphasized short-term macroeconomic stabilization and balance-of-payment corrections. The CDF stresses longer-term structural and social considerations, such as expanding and improving education and health facilities, maintaining infrastructure, and training a new generation of public officials.
  • Each country should devise and direct its own development agenda based on citizen participation. The CDF holds that when countries “own” reforms, governments and their citizens are more committed to seeing them through.
  • Governments, donors, civil society, the private sector and other stakeholders should work together in partnership led by recipient countries to carry out development strategies. Partnerships built on transparency, mutual trust and consultation can increase the efficiency and effectiveness of aid, and help countries increase their capacity to develop and carry out a wide variety of programs.
  • Development performance should be evaluated on the basis of measurable results. Traditionally, the Bank tended to concentrate on disbursement levels and project inputs in evaluating development efforts, an approach that measured only resource allocation and consumption. The CDF emphasizes that evaluation should focus on the impact of aid on people and their needs.

Additional Information

  • Comprehensive Development Framework Website
  • The 2002 Monterrey Conference on Financing for Development produced a consensus among developed and developing countries on the need for mutual accountability in achieving sustainable development and poverty reduction. CDF principles provide the foundation for implementing this consensus at the country level
  • The latest progress report on implementation of the Comprehensive Development Framework
  • Assessments of the progress countries are making toward implementing the CDF