The newly established Global Center on Conflict, Security and Development aims to connect those working in fragile and conflict affected situations across the world to each other, to relevant knowledge and resources. With offices in Washington, DC, Nairobi, Kenya, and a UN partnership office in New York, the Center represents a strategic shift in the way the Bank is working with clients and partners in states facing situations of fragility or grappling with conflict. The goal is a faster and more flexible response which is better informed by experience on the ground.
Some 1.5 billion people live in countries affected by violent conflict and, since 2000, the International Development Association (IDA) of the Bank has provided over US$5.9 billion in post-conflict reconstruction assistance to fragile and conflict-affected countries. In the past decade, the almost continuous economic growth in developing countries has raised more people out of poverty than at any previous time. But this success has contrasted with the intractable poverty of a core group of fragile and conflicted-affected countries. Despite all efforts, for these countries, achieving the 2015 Millennium Development Goals is a distant goal.
The World Development Report 2011: Conflict, Security, and Development examines the changing nature of violence in the 21st century, and underlines the negative impact of repeated cycles of violence on a country or region’s development prospects. Preventing violence and building peaceful states that respond to the aspirations of their citizens requires strong leadership and concerted national and international efforts.