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Civil Society Engagement eNewsletter - June 2004

This is the June 2004 edition of the World Bank Civil Society Engagement eNewsletter which is a regular electronic newsletter sent to Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) worldwide.  It is produced by the Civil Society Team of the World Bank (WB) in collaboration with other WB units.  This newsletter highlights some of the many policies, programs, and initiatives of the WB which may involve or be of interest to CSOs. 

Also available in PDF format - June_2004.pdf [425KB PDF]

THERE ARE 15 ITEMS IN THIS ISSUE:

1. Draft WB Management's Response to the Extractive Industries Review Published and Available for Comments
2. World Bank Announces Targets, Calls for Partnerships on Renewable Energy
3. Shanghai Poverty Conference Called for Large Scale Poverty Reduction
4. LAST CHANCE TO COMMENT -- Adjustment Lending Policy Update Welcome Until June 30
5. World Bank's Partners and Participates in the Launch of "We Are the Future" Initiative, May 16-20, 2004
6. GEF Approves 25 Projects with Total Value of Nearly $1 Billion
7. WB Launches Tokyo Development Learning Center
8. G8 2004 Summit Statement on Supporting Microfinance for the Eradication of Poverty
9. WB on World Environment Day
10. Inspection Panel of the World Bank Hosts Informal Meeting of Other Similar Accountability Mechanisms From IFIs and Related Institutions, May 21, 2004
11. Statement by Inspection Panel Chairperson on Yacyretá Hydroelectric Project in Argentina and Paraguay to the World Bank Board of Executive Directors, May 6, 2004
12. News from the World Bank's Regional Departments

Africa

  • Southern Africa Regional Development Marketplace, June 1-3, 2004
  • Distance Learning Course on Collaborative Approaches to Community Driven Development, Social Accountability and Conflict Management in Africa, June 9-18, 2004
  • Ecosystem Management And Income Generation Program in Namibia
  • Secondary Education Development Credit for Tanzania
  • World Bank Helps in Scaling up of HIV/AIDS Programs in Guinea-Bissau

East Asia and Pacific (EAP)

  • Vietnam Innovation Day Awards over 5 billion Dongs to 50 HIV/AIDS Projects From Communities
  • New Program Gives Indonesian Communities Rights To Manage Critical Coral Reefs
  • WB Supports Guangdong's Program to Protect the Environment in the Pearl River Delta region

Europe and Central Asia (ECA)

  • Regional Workshop on Monitoring and Social Accountability for Roma Poverty Reduction, May 10-14, 2004, Belgrade, Serbia
  • Armenia Country Assistance Strategy
  • Second Programmatic Adjustment Loan for Bulgaria
  • Moldova Social Investment Fund 2 Project
  • Country Partnership Strategy for Slovakia

Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC)

  • Grant to Eastern Caribbean States will Boost Environmental Protection
  • WB to Support Brazil's Social Transfers Program
  • Second Indigenous and Afro-Ecuadorian Peoples Development Project in Ecuador
  • Country Assistance Strategy for Costa Rica

Middle East and North Africa (MENA)

  • World Bank Iraq Trust Fund to Finance Textbooks for Upcoming School Year
  • Upgrading of Housing, Water Supply and Sanitation in Iran
  • Post-Conflict Fund Supporting Iraqi Widows

South Asia Region (SAR)

  • Second Community Infrastructure Project in Pakistan
  • Support for Community-Managed Poverty Reduction Efforts in Nepal
  • Reaching Out-of-School Children Project in Bangladesh
  • HIV/AIDS and STI Prevention and Control Project in Bhutan

13. New Publications from the World Bank

  • Ten Steps to a Results-Based Monitoring and Evaluation System: A Handbook for Development Practitioners
  • Reforming Infrastructure: Privatization, Regulation & Competition
  • An Assessment of the Impact of Bangalore Citizen Report Cards on the Performance of Public Agencies
  • Rationales and Results in Secondary Education Investments: A Review of the World Bank’s Portfolio, 1990-2001
  • State of the Carbon Market 2004
  • Culture and Public Action

14. Upcoming and Ongoing Global Events/Discussions

  • Presidential Fellows Lecture by Juan Somavia, Director-General, International Labour Organization, June 25, 2004
  • SpeakOut on Climate Change, June 23
  • E-Discussion on Employment for Disabled Youth, June 1 to June 25, 2004
  • International Conference on Local Development, June 16-18, 2004
  • XV International AIDS Conference, Bangkok, Thailand, July 11-16, 2004

15. Upcoming and Ongoing Global Events/Discussions

  • International Conference on Local Development, June 16-18, 2004
  • World Bank-Civil Society HIV/AIDS Strategic Policy Workshop, June 6-8, 2004

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1. Draft of WB Management's Response to the Extractive Industries Review Published and Available for Comments - The Bank Management's response on EIR was posted on June 18 and will be available for public comment for 30 days, to gather additional views before the Board of Executive Director considers the draft.  The Board will meet at the conclusion of the comment period to consider all views and to authorize an official Bank response. Among the reforms being proposed are: (a) using explicit good governance indicators in assessing and designing projects; (b) ensuring broad community support for projects prior to an investment decision; (c) committing to a target of at least 20 percent average growth annually in both the energy efficiency and renewable energy portfolio commitments, over the next five years; (d) designing projects to ensure local communities and poorer segments of the population benefit; (e) reducing the risk that extractive industry revenues will be misused by requiring disclosure of revenue figures and the key terms of relevant contracts for all large projects that benefit from Bank Group support; and (f) increasing investment in natural gas projects.  Public comments on the proposal can be submitted via: mailto:eirmanagement@worldbank.org, or http://www.worldbank.org/eirresponse until July 19, 2004.

2. World Bank Announces Targets, Calls for Partnerships on Renewable Energy - The World Bank Group (WBG) announced on June 2 that it will commit to an average growth rate of 20 percent per year over the next five years in its annual financial commitments for renewable energy and energy efficiency projects. The target growth rate was formally announced at the International Conference on Renewable Energies, held in Bonn, Germany on June 1-4.  Since 1990, WBG has been the largest lender for energy efficiency and renewable energy projects in developing nations, investing more than $6 billion in Bank-managed resources and mobilizing more than $10 billion from other public and private sources.  Peter Woicke, WBG managing director and executive vice president of the International Finance Corporation, the WBG private sector lending arm, said in Bonn that the Bank Group will be prepared to accelerate and enlarge its role by participating in or convening a steering group of nations, institutions, civil society, and businesses in the coming months to develop an action agenda on renewable energy and energy efficiency development.  The WBG will report on its renewable energy and energy efficiency operations with sector-specific information and in comparison to the energy investment activities of other institutions or associations.  It will also increase staff capacity, resources, and performance incentives for renewable programs.  For more information, please, visit: http://www.worldbank.org/energy.

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3. Shanghai Poverty Conference Called for Large Scale Poverty Reduction - At the conclusion of the Conference on Reducing Poverty and Sustaining Growth held in Shanghai, China on May 25-27, WB President James Wolfensohn said it is clear the global community has the knowledge and resources to meet the Millennium Development Goals on poverty reduction, but action is needed to deliver better lives for the world’s poor.  Wolfensohn, in closing remarks at the conference, co-sponsored by the Bank and the Chinese government, said it is imperative for rich and poor countries to redouble their efforts to speed poverty reduction and stimulate economic growth, steps that would do much to bring peace and stability to the world.  More than 1,000 people - mostly from developing countries - participated in the Shanghai event, including heads of state, and representatives from the private sector and civil society.  They analyzed more than 100 case studies, sharing knowledge and practical experiences that shed more light into what works, what does not, and the reasons behind success and failure in large scale poverty reduction.

4. LAST CHANCE TO COMMENT -- Adjustment Lending Policy Update Welcome Until June 30 - The WB is accepting is now seeking additional inputs on the update of Operational Directive (OD) 8.60, Adjustment Lending Policy.  Global consultations on an issues paper on adjustment lending took place in 2002 and 2003, and the resulting draft policy paper entitled "From Adjustment Lending to Development Policy Lending: Update of World Bank Policy" has been reviewed by the Committee on Development Effectiveness (CODE) of the WB's Board of Directors.  Comments on the draft policy paper and the accompanying Good Practice Notes are now being solicited.  You can submit your comments by email to: mailto:opbp860@worldbank.org until June 30, 2004.  Based on the feedback received, a final policy will be submitted to the WB Board for approval.

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5. World Bank's Partners and Participates in the Launch of "We Are the Future" Initiative, May 16-20, 2004 - Some of the world's best-recognized artists and personalities participated in the launch of "We Are the Future," a new partnership for children and youth, focused on peace building, city-to-city relations, and youth empowerment.  The Bank, a strategic partner in the initiative, along with The Glocal Forum, a Rome-based NGO, and Quincy Jones' Listen Up Foundation, a nonprofit organization that raises funds for youth and poverty alleviation.  For the Bank, this is part of an increased programmatic emphasis on the needs of young people, both in terms of their well-being and social inclusion.  The May 16 concert to launch the initiative raised funds to construct and maintain pilot centers in six cities in the post-conflict areas around the world.  The event also kicked-off the Third Annual Glocalization Conference which convened city mayors and young people to discuss issues facing cities and search for ways to solve urban problems by leveraging city-to-city resources. More information about the Bank's work on children and youth issues, please go to: http://www.worldbank.org/childrenandyouth.

6. GEF Approves 25 Projects with Total Value of Nearly $1 Billion, May 24, 2004 - The Global Environmental Facility (GEF) approved $233.4 million in grants for 25 projects.  With cofinancing of $3 for every $1 of the grant approved, the projects have a total value of almost $1 billion.  This allocation represents a significant increase in GEF's workprogram and gives it a status of the pre-eminent source of grants for the improvement of the world's environment.  GEF Chairman notes that it also represents "the fruit of an incredible process of cooperation involving governments of both developing and developed countries as well as inter-governmental and nongovernmental organizations and, increasingly, the private sector."  For more information on these projects, please visit GEF's website at: http://www.thegef.org/.

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7. WB Launches Tokyo Development Learning Center - On June 1 the WB announced the launch of the Tokyo Development Learning Center (TDLC), a joint initiative with the Japanese Government.  The TDLC, which will serve as a knowledge and training center for the Asia-Pacific region, is the latest addition to the Global Development Learning Network (GDLN), an initiative launched by the WB in 2000.  The center will promote human resource development and institution building in developing countries, especially in Asia-Pacific.  It will enable Japan, second largest contributor to the WB, to act not only as a financier for regional development, but also as a supplier of development practice, knowledge and solutions that build capacity on the ground.

8. G8 2004 Summit Statement on Supporting Microfinance for the Eradication of Poverty - At the conclusion of their 2004 Summit in Sea Island, Georgia, USA, G8 countries issued an Action Plan in which they agree on a set of actions to encourage and support national policies and program that promote effective private sector-led development to help alleviate poverty, in an effort to achieve the Millennium Development Goals.  G8 countries committed themselves to work to ensure that bilateral and multilateral assistance help to mobilize capital and expertise to accelerate growth and free up resources for productive use by people in developing countries.   One of the key elements of the Action Plan is expanding access to microfinance for entrepreneurs in developing countries.  G8 countries agreed to work with the WB-based Consultative Group to Assist the Poor (CGAP) to launch a global market-based microfinance initiative.  To assess the status and effectiveness of current microfinance programs, G8 countries will work with CGAP to promote best practices in microfinance for developing countries.

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9. WB on World Environment Day - On the occasion of World Environment Day, commemorated each year on 5 June, WB President James Wolfensohn wrote that when the world's leaders met at the Millennium Summit in 2000, they set targets for the environment, but today, ten years shy of when the 2015 goals are to be met, progress on the environment is alarmingly slow.  He argues that much more is possible.  Also Ian Johnson, WB's VP of Sustainable Development wrote that the rich and poor are linked as never before - by economics, trade, migration, and also by one body of water that covers 70 percent of the earth's surface.  The world's ocean is dying, he said, from over-fishing, and coral reefs and other marine ecosystems are in danger.  He concludes by outlining that the rich and developing countries have been doing to protect the oceans and what still needs to be done.  To learn more about WB's work on environment, please visit: http://www.worldbank.org/environment.

10. Inspection Panel of the World Bank Hosts Informal Meeting of Other Similar Accountability Mechanisms From IFIs and Related Institutions, May 21, 2004 - The meeting was the first such gathering of these mechanisms. It was attended by representatives from the WB, IFC, Asian Development Bank, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Inter-American Development Bank, International Monetary Fund, Japan Bank for International Cooperation, Export Development Canada, and the North American Commission on Environmental Cooperation.  During the conference participants exchanged views on a wide range of matters of mutual interest. The Asian Development Bank will host the next gathering of the participants, to be held in Manila in the first half of 2005.

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11. Statement by Inspection Panel Chairperson on Yacyretá Hydroelectric Project in Argentina and Paraguay to the World Bank Board of Executive Directors, May 6, 2004 - Edith Brown Weiss, Chairperson, Inspection Panel made a presentation to the WB's Board of Executive Directors on Panel's Investigation on the Yacyreta Project.  This investigation responds to a request from FEDAYIM, a Paraguayan NGO, and from six coordinators of affected people in Paraguay.  Ms. Weiss stated that for some of the Requesters' complaints, the Panel found that Bank Management has complied with its policies and procedures; for other complaints, it has not, particularly those related to involuntary resettlement.  In the statement, she highlighted some of the Panel's most significant findings and several of its key concerns with the WB Management's Response. To learn more about the Inspection Panel, about the Yacyreta Hydroelectric Project investigation as well as and WB Management Response to the IP, please go to: http://www.inspectionpanel.org/.

12. News from the World Bank's Regional Departments

Africa

  • Southern Africa Regional Development Marketplace, June 1-3, 2004 - The theme "HIV/AIDS: Turning Ideas into Action" galvanized some 300 organizations from Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa and Swaziland to submit proposals.  An independent assessment panel comprised of civil society, academia, government and the private sector scrutinized the proposals in two separate rounds.  A total of 38 proposals went into the final round and representatives of these organizations attended the event, along with others who participated in the Knowledge Exchange.  The World Bank and its development partners awarded USD 378 000 to the best proposals.  The Bank provided USD 208 000 to the awards pool, USAID provided USD 150 000, for proposals from Lesotho and Swaziland, and the IFC provided USD 20 000 for best workplace proposal that fits in with its strategy on “IFC Against AIDS”.  To learn more about this event, please visit the website of WB's South Africa team, located at: http://www.worldbank.org/southafrica/.
  • Distance Learning Course on Collaborative Approaches to Community Driven - The 7-day course brought together civil society, government and donor staff from Eritrea, Rwanda, Tanzania, Nigeria and Washington, to discuss common principals and exchange practical applications of community driven development in Africa, with special emphasis on social accountability mechanisms and conflict prevention/management.  Using distance learning (DL) techniques such as videoconferencing and a Virtual Learning Environment (interactive course website), this regional course drew on local facilitators and resource people to bolster collaboration between central and local governments, NGOs, community groups, and agency staff to develop effective policies and programs that ensure communities drive their own development.

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  • Ecosystem Management And Income Generation Program in Namibia - The WB Board agreed on June 1, 2004 that the Bank will manage the implementation of the Integrated Ecosystem Management Project in Namibia.  The project is funded by a US$7.1 million grant from the Global Environment Facility and is the first WB-supported project in Namibia.  The project offers in particular direct funding and technical assistance to rural populations to address the lack of local level capacity and financial start-up resources for ecosystem-based income-generating micro-projects. More information about this and other WB project in Africa, can be found at: http://www.worldbank.org/afr/.
  • Secondary Education Development Credit for Tanzania - On June 8 the WB approved International Development Association (IDA) financing of US$ 150 million consisting of a grant of US$ 26.4 million and a credit of US$$123.6 million in support of a program to promote secondary education in Tanzania.  The program  will tackle the three main challenges that currently face secondary education in Tanzania: increasing access, raising quality, and strengthening management.  The IDA financing will help rehabilitate and construct classrooms and schools, provide water and sanitary facilities in new and existing schools, expand public schools to rural areas as well as to poor and remote communities unable to provide their own schools and/or unable to attract private schools. More information about this and other WB project in Tanzania can be found at: http://www.worldbank.org/tanzania.
  • World Bank Helps in Scaling up of HIV/AIDS Programs in Guinea-Bissau - On June 1, the WB approved an International Development Association (IDA) grant of US$ 7 million to support the medium-term strategy of the Government of Guinea-Bissau to expand and accelerate its response to the HIV/AIDS through prevention, access to treatment and the mitigation of the socioeconomic impact of the pandemic in the country.  The WB contribution will enable the scaling up of HIV/AIDS programs in Guinea-Bissau by mainstreaming activities to all ministries and other non-health agencies at all government levels, and by engaging community and civil society organizations, and sensitizing private sector to pay greater attention to the pandemic.  More information about this and other WB projects in Guineau-Bissau, can be found at: http://www.worldbank.org/afr/.

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East Asia and Pacific (EAP)

  • Vietnam Innovation Day Awards over 5 billion Dongs to 50 HIV/AIDS Projects From Communities - The Vietnam Innovation Day 2004 closed successfully on May 21 with 35 winners awarded a total sum of over $332,000 (or about VN Dong 5.2 billion) in seed money to test their innovative ideas and to scale up efforts to combat the HIV/AIDS epidemic.  The winning projects include efforts to train poor families in remote villages to protect themselves from HIV/AIDS; to help spread the word to blind people and people who are hearing and mobility impaired; to  build web sites and internet based forums for the young generation to share knowledge and experience; and to ensure that people living with HIV/AIDS and families are cared for and therefore can rise to the challenge and contribute more to society.  To learn about the event and other WB activities in Vietnam, please visit: http://www.worldbank.org.vn/.
  • New Program Gives Indonesian Communities Rights To Manage Critical Coral Reefs - The second phase of the Coral Reef Rehabilitation and Management Project (COREMAP Phase II), financed by a combined $63.7 million in loans and grants from WB and Global Environment Facility, places communities at the center of coral reef management, providing them the legal rights to manage the use of the reefs along side their local governments. The project is the second phase of a three-phase loan.  For the first time, through an innovative and long term program, coastal communities in Indonesia will have the legal rights to co-manage the ecology of the country’s delicate coral reefs, which they depend on for their livelihoods.  To learn more about this and other WB projects in Indonesia, please visit: http://www.worldbank.org/indonesia.
  • WB Supports Guangdong's Program to Protect the Environment in the Pearl River Delta region - On June 8, 2004 the WB approved the project in an amount of US$10 Million as GEF Grant and a loan of US$128 Million.  The loan is the first of a series of interventions planned to arrest the environmental deterioration in the Pearl River Delta Region and the South China Sea through the improvement and rationalization of environmental service delivery based on a regional planning approach.

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Europe and Central Asia (ECA)

  • Regional Workshop on Monitoring and Social Accountability for Roma Poverty Reduction, May 10-14, 2004, Belgrade, Serbia - The workshop, hosted by the WB and the Open Society Institute, with support from the Government of Italy, brought together 40 representatives of Roma civil society along with government officials and donor staff from Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Macedonia, Serbia and Montenegro, and Romania. Delivered with simultaneous translation into Serbian, English, and Romani, the workshop built upon the achievements of last year’s high-level regional conference addressing Roma poverty in Central and Eastern Europe. The workshop was held in response to the specific priorities voiced by Roma civil society leaders, including the need for capacity building related to monitoring and social accountability.   For more information about WB's work with Roma, please visit: http://www.worldbank.org/roma.
  • Armenia Country Assistance Strategy - WB Board of Executive Directors on June 10 discussed a new Country Assistance Strategy (CAS) for Armenia.  Priorities of the new CAS include assisting the government in improving the business environment and thus create more jobs, promoting a better and more effective governance; and improving health, education, and the basic infrastructure.  The CAS is organized around three central themes: (a) promote private sector led economic growth; (b) make growth more pro-poor; and (c) reduce non-income poverty.  The document was prepared in partnership with the Government of Armenia and in consultation with local experts and CSOs.  It is based on the participatory developed PRSP approved by the government last year.  For more information about WB's activities in Armenia, please visit: http://www.worldbank.org/am.

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  • Second Programmatic Adjustment Loan for Bulgaria - On June 10 the WB approved a US$150 million Second Programmatic Adjustment Loan (PAL 2) for the Republic of Bulgaria.  This is the second in a series of PALs that is providing a single umbrella of support to reforms across different sectors of the Bulgaria’s economy while assisting the implementation of government’s reform program.  The main objectives of the PAL program are the achievement of average annual growth rates of 4.5-5.0 percent during 2002-05, the reduction of the poverty rate by half by 2005 compared to 2001, and decrease in unemployment from 18.1 percent in 2001 to 12-14 percent in 2005, while making substantial progress towards EU accession.  To learn more about this and other WB projects and programs in Bulgaria, please go to: http://www.worldbank.org/bg.
  • Moldova Social Investment Fund 2 Project - The project was approved by the WB on June 17.  It is a US$20.0 million equivalent credit with an objective to provide access to better quality of basic social and economic services in education, environment, water, roads and other services in poor rural communities and small towns. The project will also contribute to the development of capacity of community organizations, and to strengthening social capital. The project supports the objectives outlined in Moldova’s Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper, and will help in establishing a regular feedback mechanism to reflect community experiences in changing national policies.  To learn more about this and other WB projects in Moldova, please visit: http://www.worldbank.org/md.
  • Country Partnership Strategy for Slovakia - The WB Board of Executive Directors on July 1 discussed a new Country Partnership Strategy (CPS) for the Slovak Republic for 2005-07. The CPS is a document that details the Bank’s work plan to assist countries in achieving their development goals.  The new CPS for Slovakia envisages a modest lending program of up to $17 million with a special focus on the non-lending instruments such as technical assistance and analytical work.  Priorities of the new CPS include assisting the government in improving fiscal consolidation and management of public finances; further implementation of structural reforms to enhance competitiveness of the economy; and social development and poverty reduction.  Please visit WB's Slovakia website to learn more about its program in that country: http://www.worldbank.org/sk.

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Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC)

  • Grant to Eastern Caribbean States will Boost Environmental Protection - The Global Environment Facility (GEF) and The World Bank (WB) announced on May 21 a 5-year initiative to  support the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) environmental protection strategy with a US$3.7 million grant from the GEF. The Protected Areas and Associated Livelihoods project will curb environmental degradation by strengthening the application of environmental safeguards and management capacity in six OECS member countries.  To learn more about this project as well as other WB operations in the LAC region, please visit: http://www.worldbank.org/lac.
  • WB to Support Brazil's Social Transfers Program - On June 17 the WB approved a US$ 572.2 million loan to support the Government of Brazil’s family grants program, the Bolsa Família.  The program provides cash transfers to families, based on income levels and household composition, and targets the coverage of 11.2 million families (or about 44 million people) by 2006. This program will directly contribute to the reduction of poverty and inequality in Brazil in the short and long-term. In coordination with other government programs, it will also help the country achieve other key Millennium Development Goals such as reducing malnutrition, achieving universal education, reducing child mortality, and improving maternal health.  To learn more about this and other WB operations in Brazil, please go to: http://www.worldbank.org/br.

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  • Second Indigenous and Afro-Ecuadorian Peoples Development Project in Ecuador - The project, approved by WB on June 17, provides $34 million to support the development of indigenous and Afro-descendent communities in Ecuador.  It will help to empower indigenous and Afro-Ecuadorian communities and to improve their access to natural and financial resources.  It follows on a highly successful first phase which was co-financed by WB and the International Fund for Agricultural Development, benefiting some 62,000 families from productive and social infrastructure investments, such as irrigation, drinking water systems, solar panels and rural schools, according to the priorities established through participatory processes.  To learn more about this project and WB's work in Ecuador, please visit: http://www.worldbank.org/ec.
  • Country Assistance Strategy for Costa Rica - The Country Assistance Strategy (CAS) was discussed by WB Board on May 18.  It envisions project and investment loans likely to total $218 million between 2004 and 2007, in addition to knowledge sharing and advisory services.  The CAS will target investments in education, water and sanitation, environment, infrastructure, agriculture, and information and communications technologies. In addition, WB will provide knowledge-sharing and advisory services in the areas of public sector debt management, domestic debt market development, financial sector reform, management of international reserves, and public-private partnerships  in infrastructure.  The CAS was developed after consultation with government officials, as well as representatives from a broad spectrum of Costa Rican society.  To  learn more about this and other WB operations in Costa Rica, please go to: http://www.worldbank.org/cr.

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Middle East and North Africa (MENA)

  • World Bank Iraq Trust Fund to Finance Textbooks for Upcoming School Year - The WB signed a grant agreement with Iraq’s Ministry of Education to print and distribute textbooks in time for the 2004/2005 school year. Financed by WB arm of the International Reconstruction Fund Facility for Iraq, the $40 million Emergency Textbook Provision Project is the first to be implemented by Iraq through the WB-administered trust fund.  The textbook project will be complemented by another emergency education project to finance school rehabilitation as well as training and advisory support to Iraqi civil servants in key areas of education reform.  To learn more about this and other WB operations in Iraq, please go to: http://www.worldbank.org/iq.
  • Upgrading of Housing, Water Supply and Sanitation in Iran - The WB’s Board of Directors approved on May 26 a total of $359 million in loans for two projects aimed at helping the Government of Iran improve housing conditions for poor and middle-income urban neighborhoods as well as expand access to clean water and coverage of sanitation services in the two large cities of Ahwaz and Shiraz. The Water Supply and Sanitation Project ($279 million) supports the initial phase of  Iran’s long-term development plans to expand water and wastewater facilities in Ahwaz and Shiraz by 2027.  The Urban Upgrading and Housing Reform Project ($80 million) is the first phase of a twelve year lending program ($264 million) which aims at supporting the Government’s housing sector goals.  To learn more about WB's work in Iran, please go to: http://www.worldbank.org/ir.
  • Post-Conflict Fund Supporting Iraqi Widows - The $50,000 grant, approved on May 15, by the WB Post-Conflict Fund awarded to an NGO - Iraqi Widow’s Organization (IWO) - will improve the livelihoods of young widows with children affected by the recent conflict and violence. The pilot project aims to boost widows’ incomes in the city of Diwaniyah, south of Baghdad, by providing them with microcredit to start their own businesses and training to build skills needed in the job market.  The WB will supplement the grant with technical assistance to IWO staff in administering microcredit based on its experience in supporting microfinance in post conflict environments including Bosnia-Herzegovina, Albania and Afghanistan.  To learn more about this and other WB operations in Iraq, please go to: http://www.worldbank.org/iq.

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South Asia Region (SAR)

  • Second Community Infrastructure Project in Pakistan - Poor communities in the North West Frontier Province (NWFP) in Pakistan will benefit from a US$37.1 million credit approved on May 20 by WB.  The Second Community Infrastructure Project was designed to provide increased access to basic infrastructure, and services to low-income rural and urban communities, with special emphasis on the communities suffering from a serious lack of essential infrastructure and services.  This project is a follow-on operation to the Community Infrastructure Project, also financed by the WB.  Its key feature lies in the partnership between local governments and communities, and it has four main components.  For more information on the WB’s activities in Pakistan, please visit: http://www.worldbank.org/pk.
  • Support for Community-Managed Poverty Reduction Efforts in Nepal - On June 1, the WB approved two separate projects aimed at poverty reduction through community-led and managed initiatives in Nepal.  A US$25.3 million credit was approved to extend water supply and sanitation to over 800,000 people in rural areas of the country. A second US$15 million grant was also approved to the Poverty Alleviation Fund, a pilot initiative created to bring increased opportunities for income generation and access to basic services and infrastructure to poor communities in rural areas. For more Information on the WB’s activities in Nepal, please visit: http://www.worldbank.org/np.

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  • Reaching Out-of-School Children Project in Bangladesh - The country will move closer to its goal of providing universal primary education for all children by 2015 with the help of a US$51 million grant, approved on June 17 by the WB. The funds will be used to increase access to schooling for thousands of disadvantaged children and improve the quality and efficiency of non-formal schools, called Learning Centers.  The project will enroll half a million out-of-school children in non-formal schools to be managed by communities with support from NGOs.  To learn more about this project and other WB operations in Bangladesh, please go to: http://www.worldbank.org/bd.
  • HIV/AIDS and STI Prevention and Control Project in Bhutan - The US$5.8 million grant to help the Royal Government of Bhutan curb the spread of HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) was approved by the WB on June 17.  It aims to contribute to the overall goal of maintaining Bhutan’s low level HIV/AIDS epidemic status, by increasing safer sex behaviors, such as condom use, and improving management and treatment of STIs among highly vulnerable populations and the general public.  In order to address the potential epidemic, the project has four components: (a) HIV/AIDS and STIs prevention; (b) institutional strengthening and capacity building; (c) expansion of care, support, and treatment; and (d) strategic information for HIV/AIDS and STIs.  More information about this and other WB projects in Bhutan can be found at: http://www.worldbank.org/sar.

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13. New Publications from the World Bank

  • Ten Steps to a Results-Based Monitoring and Evaluation System: A Handbook for Development Practitioners - The Handbook provides a comprehensive ten-step model that will help guide development practitioners through the process of designing and building a results-based monitoring and evaluation system. These steps begin with a “Readiness Assessment” and take the practitioner through the design, management, and importantly, the sustainability of such systems. The Handbook describes each step in detail, the tasks needed to complete each one, and the tools available to help along the way.
  • Reforming Infrastructure: Privatization, Regulation & Competition - A new WB study finds that credible regulation is essential to ensure that reforms involving restructuring or privatization of infrastructure utilities such as water, power, transportation and telecommunications improve their performance and help reduce poverty. The study launched on June 14 cites "effective regulation" as the most critical enabling condition for getting infrastructure reform right. "Regulation that provides a credible commitment to safeguarding the interests of both investors and customers is crucial to attracting the long-term private capital needed to secure an adequate, reliable supply of infrastructure services," the report says. Specifically, the report notes that regulatory agencies must be free of political influence, and that their decisions must be subject to review by the judiciary or oversight by another nonpolitical entity. Regulatory processes, it urges, must encourage competition, be open and transparent, and be designed before privatization is undertaken.

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  • An Assessment of the Impact of Bangalore Citizen Report Cards on the Performance of Public Agencies - The Bangalore citizen report cards entail the collection of feedback from ordinary citizens on their perceptions of the quality of public services provided by the municipal government and its agencies.  It has been undertaken in Bangalore as well as in urban and rural areas in 23 other Indian states by Public Affairs Centre (PAC), and NGO based in Bangalore.  The paper presents the findings of the WB's Operations Evaluation Department's (OED) review of the experience with citizen report cards in Bangalore, focusing on their outcomes and impacts, and on the success factors underlying the Bangalore experience.
  • Rationales and Results in Secondary Education Investments: A Review of the World Bank’s Portfolio, 1990-2001 - The report prepared by the Bank's Operations Evaluation Department's (OED) notes that over the past two decades, WB's strategy for the education sector has given less specific attention to secondary education than to primary and tertiary levels.  Since the mid-1990s, the review notes a rapid rise in the share of Bank lending to general secondary education.  Currently  a renewed focus is being put on strategy at the secondary level.  It is noted in the study that WB lending for secondary education has taken a variety of channels, usually in combination with assistance to other subsectors, and therefore there is no clear definition of the "secondary education portfolio."  Within these constraints, the review points to several areas warranting further analytic work and more attention in future strategy and operations.

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  • State of the Carbon Market 2004 - The new carbon market intelligence study shows that the carbon finance market is establishing itself as one of the linchpins in the fight against climate change.  More than 64 million tons of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) have been traded – this amounts to nearly three quarters of the 78 million tons transacted in all of 2003. WB's report was released on June 9 together with the IETA/Eurelectric market survey at Carbon EXPO in Cologne, Germany.  The studies indicate that the signal is go and grow on all fronts for the greenhouse gas emission reductions market - there are significant buyers in the market, market volumes are up, major players are involved, and the new European Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) set to come into force in January 2005 is sending a clear signal that the market is open for business.  But despite the good news on the carbon market, the WB warns that  “this may be a lost opportunity for some developing countries and economies in transition” due to the lack of any international commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions beyond 2012.
  • Culture and Public Action - Development and anti-poverty project managers and policymakers must pay more attention to culture when designing programs, conclude two Bank economists in a new compilation of essays by some of the world’s leading development scholars, launched on May 18. Among the key policy lessons that the co-editors of the publication draw is the need for a deep change in the culture of development agencies themselves. They call for less emphasis on devising program formulas meant to be applied anywhere. For more information on the book, please visit: http://www.cultureandpublicaction.org/conference/book.htm, and to order a copy of Culture and Action, contact Stanford University Press at: http://www.sup.org/ or: mailto:books@worldbank.org.

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14. Upcoming and Ongoing Global Events/Discussions

  • Presidential Fellows Lecture by Juan Somavia, Director-General, International Labour Organization, June 25, 2004 - Juan Somavia, Director-General of the International Labour Organization (ILO), will deliver a Presidential Fellows Lecture at WB Headquarters on the social impact of globalization and explore the issues of employment creation and global stability.  The ILO recently issued a report on A Fair Globalization: Creating Opportunities for All, which was prepared by a panel of eminent personalities and experts. The report indicated that globalization’s “potential for good is immense” and it has promoted open societies and encouraged a freer exchange of goods, ideas, and knowledge. However, it also notes that “there are deep-seated and persistent imbalances in the current workings of the global economy.” In this context, Mr. Somavia will discuss the key findings and recommendations of the report.  Under the Presidential Fellows Lecture Series, the WB President invites eminent thinkers and leaders to come to the Bank and share their experience and wisdom.
  • SpeakOut on Climate Change, June 23 - Rising sea levels, warming temperatures, and changes in weather patterns are already affecting millions of people, and the impact is especially severe for those living in developing countries, threatening their potential to move out of poverty.  Please join WB environment expert Robert Watson, Chief Scientist and Director, Environmentally and Socially Sustainable Development Network and Chair of the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, for a live online discussion about the environment and climate change on Wednesday, June 23 from 10:00-11:00 ET (Washington DC time).  To learn more, and to ask your question in advance, please visit: http://discuss.worldbank.org.
  • E-Discussion on Employment for Disabled Youth, June 1 to June 25, 2004 - This e-mail based electronic discussion on the issue of employment for disabled youth focuses on the good practices of job creation for disabled youth worldwide. The e-conference is designed to solicit information on good practices for job creation to be used as guidance for mainstreaming disabled youth in the development agenda for all of those that have a stake in the development process, including development agencies, WB staff, government officials, CSOs and policy-makers.  The discussion is open to all interested parties. There is no cost for joining the discussion, but you will need to have access to e-mail.
  • XV International AIDS Conference, Bangkok, Thailand, July 11-16, 2004 - The XV International AIDS Conference  is organized by the International AIDS Society (IAS) and the Thai Ministry of Public Health as the local Host.  The co-organizers of the conference are UNAIDS, three international community networks: ICW, ICASO, GNP+ and TNCA, a conglomerate of Thai AIDS NGOs.  The WB is planning a number of activities at the conference and on its side.  These will include presentations, satellite meetings, program sessions, leadership program sessions as well as skills building sessions and a poster exhibition.  To learn more about the conference and the WB activities there, please go to: http://www.ias.se/bangkok/.

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15. Recent Global Events/Discussions

  • International Conference on Local Development, June 16-18, 2004 - The conference addressed the challenge of conceptualizing underpinnings of what a "local development strategy" is, by bringing together key stakeholders from around the world to: (a) harness and share global knowledge on CDD approaches and operations (including SFs), as well as decentralization/public sector reform strategies and implementation experience; and (b) develop a conceptual framework and shared vision for supporting local development. The Conference also offered an opportunity for participants to network and build alliances, as well as to build operational skills and competencies for enhancing quality of program design and implementation.  The event brought together key stakeholders from around the world and from diverse sectors, including: government (central and local), social fund/CDD program staff, donors, local government associations, CSOs, scholars, and others.
  • World Bank-Civil Society HIV/AIDS Strategic Policy Workshop, June 6-8, 2004 - World Bank-Civil Society HIV/AIDS Strategic Policy Workshop, June 6-8, 2004 - Senior Bank managers and representatives of community groups, national NGOs, and international networks who work with HIV/AIDS issues met on June 6 – 8 in Windsor, UK to deepen efforts to work together to fight the AIDS epidemic throughout the world.  The event brought together representatives of 30 CSOs from Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe, Latin America, and Europe to discuss the Bank’s AIDS policies and programs worldwide.  The agenda included presentations and plenary sessions on the Bank’s global HIV/AIDS policies and investments, and particularly the Multi-country AIDS Program (MAP) which has earmarked approximately half of its $1 billion budget to be implemented through civil society at the local level.  Other issues discussed included the problems of donor coordination and relations between macro-economic fiscal policies and AIDS funding.  To learn more about this event, as well as other examples of WB-civil society dialogues, please visit: http://www.worldbank.org/civilsociety.

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