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Civil Society Engagement eNewsletter - November 2004

This is the November 2004 edition of the World Bank Civil Society Engagement eNewsletter which is a regular electronic newsletter sent to Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) worldwide.  It is produced by the Civil Society Team of the World Bank (WB) in collaboration with other WB units.  This newsletter highlights some of the many policies, programs, and initiatives of the WB which may involve or be of interest to CSOs.

THERE ARE 15 ITEMS IN THIS ISSUE:

1.  World Bank/International Monetary Fund 2004 Annual Meetings: Summaries of WB/CSO Policy Discussions
2. IDA14 Draft Deputies Report Posted for Public Comment Until December 6

3. Joint Statement by the General Secretary of the World Council of Churches, the President of the World Bank, and the Deputy Managing director of the International Monetary Fund
4. Review Process of IFC's Safeguard Policies & Disclosure of Information Policy: Update
5. Call for Comments: Issues Paper on Using Country Systems in World Bank Operations
6. Global Economic Prospects 2005: Trade, Regionalism, and Development
7. World Bank President Meets with European CSOs
8. 2004 Annual General Meeting of the Consultative Group on International Agriculture Research (CGIAR)
9. Management Changes at the World Bank
10. Civil Society Staff Secondments at the World Bank
11.
News from the World Bank's Regional Departments

Africa

  • IMF and World Bank Support US$836 Million in Debt Service Relief for Madagascar
  • Poverty Reduction Support Credit and Grant for Rwanda

East Asia and Pacific (EAP)

  • WB's East Asia Regional Update
  • World Bank Meeting With Japanese NGOs On Environment and Social Development Strategies for East Asia and Pacific
  • JSDF Good Practice
  • Philippines: Grant To Support Indigenous Peoples In Agrarian Reform Communities

Europe and Central Asia (ECA)

  • Moldova Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Discussed at the World Bank
  • Poverty Conference and Launch of Poverty Report in Tajikistan

Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC)

  • WB To Support Labor Reforms and Social Development in Colombia
  • Grants to Create Jobs and Respond to Flood Disasters in Haiti

Middle East and North Africa (MENA)

  • Bam Earthquake Emergency Reconstruction Project in Iran

South Asia Region (SAR)

  • Trade Policies in South Asia: An Overview
  • Grant for Sanitation System in Pakistan
  • Supplemental Credit for the Partnership for Polio Eradication Project in Pakistan

12. New Publications from the World Bank

  • Rising to the Challenges: The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) For Health
  • Public Summary: "Debt Sustainability in Low-Income Countries: Further Considerations on an Operational Framework
  • Turning Bureaucrats Into Warriors - Preparing and Implementing Multi-sector HIV/AIDS Programs in Africa
  • Keeping the Promise of Social Security in Latin America
  • Global Agricultural Trade and Developing Countries

13. New Websites/Web Resources

  • Revised Website of the Palestinian NGO II Project

14. Upcoming and Ongoing Global Events/Discussions

  • Economic Growth in the 1990s: Learning from a Decade of Reform, October 20 - December 15, 2004
  • World Development Report 2006 -- Final Week of Online Consultation Process, October 8-19, 2004
  • The Legal Dimension of Inclusive Development, November 8-19, 2004
  • SpeakOut on WB Global Economic Prospects 2005: Trade, Regionalism, and Development, November 23, 2004
  • Second Meeting of the High Level Forum on Health MDGs, December 2-3, 2004, Abuja, Nigeria
  • Save the Date!  Next Development Marketplace Global Competition
  • Coming up: Nine Country-level Development Marketplaces (CDMs) Around the World

15. Recent Global Events/Discussions

  • Summary of the Millennium Goals Online Discussion, October 13, 2004
  • International Youth Dialogue, October 18-20, 2004, Lübeck, Germany
  • Muslim and Non-Muslim Youth in Africa and the U.S. Explore Perspectives and Priorities for Global Understanding, Building Virtual Bridges Through GDLN

1. World Bank/International Monetary Fund 2004 Annual Meetings: Summaries of WB/CSO Policy Discussions - The 2004 Annual Meetings of the Boards of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank Group concluded on October 3.  Some 15 different dialogue sessions were organized over seven days prior, during and right after the Meetings, for nearly 150 CSO representatives who came to Washington, DC from across the globe. CSO visitors participated in policy discussions with senior Bank / Fund managers, met with Executive Directors, and interacted with the press.  The sessions held covered issues such as debt relief, PRSPs, HIV/AIDS, extractive industries and specific loans for projects.  Please visit the WB website for CSOs: http://www.worldbank.org/civilsociety for more information on the 2004 Annual Meetings dialogues, and for final summaries and participants of most of the sessions held.

2. IDA14 Draft Deputies Report Posted for Public Comment Until December 6 - Discussions among representatives of donor countries (the IDA Deputies) and borrower countries are currently underway for the fourteenth replenishment of IDA resources (IDA14).  The IDA14 Report will set out the Participants’ conclusions and recommendations for the IDA14 period, which covers the three years between July 1, 2005, and June 30, 2008.  The draft report is open for public review and comment until December 6.  You can find the draft report as well as all other background documents on the IDA 14 replenishment at this location. More information about IDA and its replenishments, can be found at: http://www.worldbank.org/ida.

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3. Joint Statement by the General Secretary of the World Council of Churches, the President of the World Bank, and the Deputy Managing director of the International Monetary Fund - The heads of WCC, WB and the IMF issued on October 22 a joint statement following their meeting in Geneva, Switzerland.  The three leaders met to discuss matters of common interest, particularly development and related economic policy issues.  The statement reviews a series of discussions held among the three organizations over the past couple of years.  These discussions are said in the statement as having been significant and useful, having led to an improvement in mutual understanding of the organizations' positions on development and related issues, identified areas of common ground, and highlighted differences of view.  The leaders of the three organizations in the statement commit themselves to a continuing dialogue to increase further their understanding of their respective experience and learning, as well as to build stronger alliances where appropriate. 

4. Review Process of IFC's Safeguard Policies & Disclosure of Information Policy:  Update - The IFC has completed two of the planned four regional consultations on its review of the Safeguard and Disclosure policies. The full summary of the LAC Region consultation held on September 27-29 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil is now posted on the website in multiple languages.  A summary (as well as all relevant reports) of the second regional consultation workshop for Asia and the Pacific, held on October 27-29 in Manila, Philippines will be posted within 30 days of the event.  The Africa region consultation workshop is planned for November 29-December 1 in Nairobi, Kenya.  The regional consultation process will be concluded with the ECA region workshop to be held in Istanbul, Turkey on December 13-15.  The consultation website has now all documents translated into multiple languages and available for download.  You can also view and submit your comments on the two reviews using the web-based format.  All letters received from NGOs regarding the consultation process as well as IFC's responses are also being posted there. Please visit it at: http://www.ifc.org/ifcext/policyreview.nsf/Content/Home.

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5. Call for Comments: Issues Paper on Using Country Systems in World Bank Operations - You are invited to share your comments on the draft Issues Paper and the Proposed Pilot Program on using country systems in WB operations.  The paper, prepared by WB management, focuses on issues arising from the use of country systems in environmental and social safeguards, financial management, and procurement.  It describes the recent experience of WB with using country systems in specific fiduciary areas, discusses expanding such use, and proposes a pilot program to test the use of country environmental and social safeguard systems.  The WB is seeking e-comments on the proposals made in the Issues Paper.  Electronic comments can be sent to: countrysystems@worldbank.org and will be accepted through January 21, 2005.  In addition to e-comments, face-to-face discussions with borrowers, multilateral and bilateral donor partners, CSOs, and the private sector will be conducted until the end of the year to elicit feedback on the proposed approach. To review the paper, share comments and learn more, please visit: http://www.worldbank.org/countrysystems.  Arabic, Chinese, French, Portuguese, Russian, and Spanish translations of the paper are now posted on the website as well.

6. Global Economic Prospects 2005: Trade, Regionalism, and Development - The new report from the WB, launched on November 16, addresses two questions:  what are the characteristics of agreements that most promote—or hinder—development for member countries; and does the proliferation of agreements pose risks to the multilateral trading system, and if so, how can these risks be managed.  The report argues that agreements leading to open regionalism—that is, deeper integration of trade as a result of low external tariffs, increased services competition, and efforts to reduce cross-border and customs delays costs—are effective as part of a larger trade strategy to promote growth. Such regional agreements can complement a strategy that, on the one hand, includes autonomous liberalization to promote productivity gains and, on the other hand, leverages domestic reforms to enhance market access.  Although regional agreements can prove beneficial to member countries, they can have adverse effects on excluded countries. Lowering of border barriers around the world is crucial to minimizing  these effects. The completion of the Doha Development Agenda by all countries in the World Trade Organization will reduce the risk of trade diversion associated with regional agreements and will decrease trade losses of countries excluded from agreements.  The GEP2005 website provides the press release, presentation and transcript from the Washington D.C. launch as well as regional highlights and the report overview (most of these are available in multiple languages).

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7. World Bank President Meets with European CSOs - During his visit to Brussels on October 20, WB President, James D. Wolfensohn held discussions with nine European civil society networks.  The meeting provided the first opportunity for a dialogue with the NGO umbrella organization CONCORD, which brings together 1500 European NGOs. Amongst the conclusions of the meeting was an agreement for further engagement between the Bank and civil society actors on how to advance the UN framework for protection of Orphans and Vulnerable Children affected by HIV/AIDS.  The summary of the discussion.

8. 2004 Annual General Meeting of the Consultative Group on International Agriculture Research (CGIAR) - With a focus on approaches in rural science and technology that will contribute to improve incomes and the quality of life of rural producers in developing countries, up to 1,000 scientists, high ranked governmental officials, CSOs, and leaders of producer organizations from throughout poor countries participated on October 27, 2004 in the opening session of the meeting. Ian Johnson, Chairman of the CGIAR and Vice-president for Environmentally and Socially Sustainable Development at the WB, made an appeal to different stakeholders within the agricultural community to build new partnerships to develop sustainable practices in agriculture production as a way of generating prosperity in developing countries.  To learn more about the meeting, as well as CGIAR activities, please visit: http://www.cgiar.org/.

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9. Management Changes at the World Bank - World Bank Managing Director Jeffrey Goldstein, responsible for the management of the institution's internal and external financial affairs, including oversight of the WB's efforts with client countries in strengthening their financial and capital market systems, left the Bank on October 22 after having spent 5 years in that capacity.  He has also been the Bank's point person for the International Development Association (IDA) - including chairing the donor meetings to mobilize resources for IDA's 14th replenishment. The interim succession arrangement announced by the WB President in a statement issued on October 21, include: Geoff Lamb, Vice President for Concessional Finance and Global Partnerships, taking over chairing of IDA14 Replenishment, and John Wilton, taking over the position of Acting Chief Financial Officer. The full statement by Mr. Wolfensohn.

10. Civil Society Staff Secondments at the World Bank - In keeping with its efforts to actively engage civil society, the WB has been piloting staff exchanges with CSOs over the past several years. Staff exchanges have occurred with such CSOs as Plan International, The Nature Conservancy, and International Youth Foundation, and staff secondment program is underway with the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions (ICFTU) and the World Confederation of Labor (WCL).  Three staff from the ICFTU have been seconded for periods ranging from six weeks to a year in three units of the World Bank since 2003. One of the secondees carried out an important study on the participation of labor unions in PRSP processes, while another analyzed procurement policies to determine whether they cover health and safety precautions and other labor standards for workers on Bank-financed public works projects.  The Civil Society Team is pleased to welcome Faustina Van Aperen of the WCL Office in Brussels for a 6-month secondment beginning on November 15.  She will work on various activities including assisting the Bank to improve the quality and consistency of its consultations with civil society.

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11. News from the World Bank's Regional Departments

Africa

  • IMF and World Bank Support US$836 Million in Debt Service Relief for Madagascar - The Bank’s International Development Association and the International Monetary Fund agreed that Madagascar has taken the necessary steps to reach its completion point under the enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative. Madagascar is the 15th country to reach this point, joining Benin, Bolivia, Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guyana, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Niger, Senegal, Tanzania and Uganda.  Total debt relief under the enhanced HIPC Initiative from all of Madagascar’s creditors is expected to amount to US$1.9 billion in nominal terms.  This assistance is equivalent to US$836 million in net present value (NPV) terms.  In light of new information, the amount of debt relief calculated at the time of the decision point in December 2000 has been revised upward by US$22 million in NPV terms.  The full delivery of HIPC assistance together with additional bilateral assistance will reduce the NPV of debt-to-exports ratio at completion point significantly to 137 percent.  Please visit the WB website on Madagascar located at: http://www.worldbank.org/mg, for more information about the Bank's operations in the country. For more information about HIPC, please go to: http://www.worldbank.org/hipc.
  • Poverty Reduction Support Credit and Grant for Rwanda - The International Development Association (IDA) credit of US$15 million and an IDA grant of US$50 million in support of efforts by the Government of Rwanda to implement actions aimed at reducing poverty as outlined in its July 2002 Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP), was approved by the WB's Board on October 21, 2004.  The Poverty Reduction Support Credit (PRSC I) operation provides resources to help cover Rwanda’s remaining fiscal year 2004 financing gap and support Rwanda’s fiscal year 2005 financing needs.  The resources will also be used to strengthen the recently-established Office of the Ombudsman and promote the role of local mediators.  The proposed PRSC series will build on significant achievements in public expenditure management reform, fiduciary transparency, service delivery performance, and reconciliation and unity made by Rwanda since 1995. To learn more about this, and other WB programs in Rwanda, please visit: http://www.worldbank.org/afr/rw.

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East Asia and Pacific (EAP)

  • WB's East Asia Regional Update - The report is the WB's twice yearly look at the state of the economies of the East Asia and Pacific Region.  The report shows the region growing at its strongest pace since before the financial crisis and making progress on reducing poverty, but with significant risks looming for 2005 coming from rising oil prices, uncertainty over China's efforts to slow its economy, and global economic imbalances.  This edition of the Regional Update also includes a special focus section entitled: Strengthening the Investment Climate in East Asia," which documents the key constraints and problems faced by firms in East Asia, based on responses from over 6500 businesses in five countries. The report can be reviewed at the following website of the EAP region, located at: http://www.worldbank.org/eapupdate.
  • World Bank Meeting With Japanese NGOs On Environment and Social Development Strategies for East Asia and Pacific - The meeting was held on November 5 at the WB Tokyo Office.  It was attended by 4 Japanese CSO representatives.  The meeting provided an opportunity for the CSOs and WB staff to discuss the WB environment and social development strategies for the region, and for the CSO representatives to share their comments on the two documents.  To learn more about the WB Environment Strategy, please go to: http://www.worldbank.org/environment, and about the WB Social Development Strategy, please see: http://www.worldbank.org/socialdevelopment.  More information about Japan's involvement in the WB, please visit: http://www.worldbank.or.jp/11eng/eng.html.
  • JSDF Good Practice - A videoconference seminar connecting Tokyo, Washington DC, Jakarta and Delhi was held on November 5 to learn and share good practice of the Japan Social Development Fund (JSDF) grants being implemented in India and Indonesia.  JSDF is one of two trust funds established by Government of Japan, particularly aiming at serving the need of the poorest in collaboration with civil society and community-based organizations.  At the VC seminar, two JSDF grants: Pilot IT Program for Rural Areas of Pune District in India, and Widows and Poverty in Indonesia were introduced and discussed. To learn more about Japan Social Development Fund, as well as these two grants, please see: http://www.worldbank.org/rmc/jsdf.
  • Philippines: Grant To Support Indigenous Peoples In Agrarian Reform Communities - Improving participation of indigenous peoples (IPs) in selected Agrarian Reform Communities (ARCs) is the aim of the latest Japan Social Development Fund (JSDF) grant signed by the Government of the Philippines and the WB. The US$1,148,280 grant has the following objectives: (a) to develop and test innovative approaches for improving participation of IPs in the WB-assisted Second Agrarian Reform Communities Development Project; and (b) to improve the technical capacity of the ARCDP2 personnel and the National Commission on Indigenous Peoples (NCIP) staff in developing and operationalizing methodologies that take into account IP needs in the context of integrated community development.  For more information about this operation as well as other WB programs in the Philippines, please visit: http://www.worldbank.org.ph.  To learn more about the JSDF grant facility, please go to: http://www.worldbank.org/jsdf.

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Europe and Central Asia (ECA)

  • Moldova Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Discussed at the World Bank - On November 11 the WB Board of Executive Directors discussed Moldova's Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (known in Moldova as the Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper - EGPRSP) and the Joint IDA-IMF Staff Advisory Note (JSAN) on Moldova's EGPRSP.  Moldova’s EGPRSP was adopted by the Government in May 2004 and submitted to the World Bank and IMF in June 2004.  The Bank’s Board supported the three-pillar EGPRSP that focuses on (i) sustaining economic growth through maintaining macroeconomic stability, improving the business environment, and accelerating structural reforms; (ii) strengthening human development through improving education and health; and (iii) strengthening social protection and inclusion. The Board recognized that the proposed strategy, underpinned  by a sound diagnostic of the poverty situation and transition experience, is comprehensive and can, over time, foster growth and reduce poverty. To learn more, please visit the website of WB's office in Chisinau at: http://www.worldbank.org/md.
  • Poverty Conference and Launch of Poverty Report in Tajikistan - The WB held a Poverty Conference in Dushanbe on October 28 as part of the Bank's Poverty Dialogue Program that includes support to the 2003 Tajikistan Living Standards Survey, the 2004 Poverty Assessment Update for 2004, a series of training sessions for local researchers, public servants and academia in poverty analysis, and other initiatives. The conference was attended by high-level Government officials working on policy issues and poverty reduction, the WB's Human Development team, and representatives of research institutes, international organizations, and NGOs.  A new report, The Poverty Assessment Report Update for Tajikistan, was launched and discussed at the conference.  The report provides an assessment of the poverty situation in Tajikistan in 2003 and changes since 1999.  The report finds that poverty has dropped since 1999, in large part due to economic growth.  In spite of these improvements, however, Tajikistan is still the poorest country in the region with 64 percent of the population living on less than PPP $2.15 per day.  For more information on the report, please visit: http://www.worldbank.org/tj.

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Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC)

  • WB To Support Labor Reforms and Social Development in Colombia - On November 4 the WB approved a $200 million loan to continue the work of reforming Colombia's labor regulations and to make further progress with social development projects. The Bank also approved an additional $2 million technical assistance loan to help implement the program. The $200 million Second Programmatic Labor Reform and Social Structural Adjustment Loan (PLaRSSAL II) will support the Government of Colombia's efforts to increase employment, raise human capital formation, and strengthen social protection. The loan will implement the labor and training laws from the first part of the program, and advance the education, health, and social protection reforms. The specific measures include: incentives for employers to hire more workers; expansion of apprenticeship and training opportunities; more nutrition and child care assistance to poor families; and health insurance for more low-income workers.  To learn more about this, and other WB programs in Colombia, please visit: http://www.worldbank.org/co.
  • Grants to Create Jobs and Respond to Flood Disasters in Haiti - On November 15 the WB has signed two grants for a total of US $2 million to respond to flooding disasters in Haiti. The two grants are part of a US$6.4 million grant program approved by the WB in September 2004 and developed in coordination with the Government of Haiti and other development partners.  A US$1.0 million grant will support a Disaster Risk Management Pilot to be implemented by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and Haiti’s Directorate of Civil Protection as part of a broader program of reconstruction and disaster management activities.  The grant will cover areas devastated by floods and mudslides this past May and September. The grant will finance emergency support to infrastructure, natural resources, public services and disaster preparedness, including the provision of equipment, works and technical assistance.  A US$1.0 million grant for Basic Infrastructure Rehabilitation and Rapid Employment aims to create short-term employment for people living in extreme poverty, particularly in the Northeast, West and Southeast Departments of the country, including areas devastated by the floods.  To learn more about both projects, as well as other WB programs in Haiti, please go to: http://www.worldbank.org/ht.

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Middle East and North Africa (MENA)

  • Bam Earthquake Emergency Reconstruction Project in Iran - On October 28 the WB Board of Executive Directors approved a $220 million loan to the Government of Iran for a project to help restore the living conditions of communities in the southeastern city of Bam which was struck by a powerful earthquake nearly a year ago. The four-year project will help restore housing in Bam with improved safety standards, reducing their vulnerability to future earthquakes.  In addition, it will finance the rehabilitation and reconstruction of telecommunication and transport infrastructure-including the highway linking Bam to the provincial capital of Kerman, airport facilities and village streets.  While the project focuses mainly on physical reconstruction, it will also seek to improve Bam's preparedness for emergencies by ensuring that existing strategic public buildings are strengthened to become earthquake-resistant.  The project is based on the WB's strategy for disaster assistance which helps governments adopt preventive measures to reduce their vulnerability to disasters, integrate disaster prevention in development efforts and build a national culture of prevention and preparedness.  To learn more about this program, please visit: http://www.worldbank.org/ir.

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South Asia Region (SAR)

  • Trade Policies in South Asia: An Overview - A new WB report suggests that the poor of South Asia would be among the significant beneficiaries of wider and faster trade liberalization in the region. The publication describes key aspects of the current trade regimes in the five largest South Asian countries and concludes that, despite progress towards liberalization, protectionist forces are still strong in the region hampering growth and poverty reduction. The report looks into key aspects of the current trade regimes in Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka, and offers recommendations on some of the key issues facing policymakers on trade reform.   It is the first WB comprehensive review of South Asian trade regimes, examining policies within the countries and in light of the global context.
  • Grant for Sanitation System in Pakistan - The Bank-administered Japan Social Development Fund will provide US $1.1 million grant to a local NGO in Pakistan for sanitation in 100 villages of the Lodhran district in the state of Punjab. The Lodhran Pilot Project will provide an underground sanitation system, along with disposal stations, in Tehsils of Lodhran, Dunyapur and Kheror Pucca. The project will also train 150 engineers in participatory development methodology, introduce the community sanitation approach in local technical colleges, and build capacity of 400 local government functionaries in the community-driven approach to development.
  • Supplemental Credit for the Partnership for Polio Eradication Project in Pakistan - On October 14, the WB approved a supplemental credit of US$21.5 million that will continue to support the Partnership for Polio Eradication Project in Pakistan. The original project was approved in May of 2003, which supported the partnership with a US$20 million credit.  This supplemental credit will provide additional financing for the ongoing project and assist with meeting increased financing requirements for the procurement of Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV). The credit has a special provision for a third party-funded Trust Fund to cover the service and commitment fees, with the option to purchase the credit at its net present value once the project has been successfully completed in accordance with the terms of the Development Credit Agreement.  To learn more about this, and other WB programs in Pakistan, please visit the website: http://www.worldbank.org/pk.

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12. New Publications from the World Bank

  • Rising to the Challenges: The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) For Health - The report warns that many developing countries are falling behind in the race to sharply lower the number of deaths among children under the age of five and pregnant women, by the year 2015.  The WB says that this situation is particularly distressing as many of the "technologies" needed to improve health are available and affordable, and that even in countries with little money and few health facilities, sensible and systematic efforts to improve health have worked.  According to the report, with just ten years left before the 2015 MDGs deadline, more help is needed to fix inadequate health care delivery systems, to train more health care workers, and to supply more predictable aid to those developing countries in dire need of support, if the world is to stand a realistic chance of reaching these goals.  The report is available at: http://www.worldbank.org/hnp.
  • Public Summary: "Debt Sustainability in Low-Income Countries: Further Considerations on an Operational Framework - The document is a public summary on the joint World Bank - International Monetary Fund (IMF) paper that was discussed at an informal meeting of the Executive Directors of the WB on September 28,2004.  The paper is a follow-up to an earlier document presented to the WB Board in February 2004 entitled: "Debt Sustainability in Low-Income Countries: Proposal for an Operations Framework and Policy Implications," which provides guidance to both lenders and borrowers on new lending/borrowing decisions to help low-income countries achieve their development objectives and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), while maintaining sustainable levels of debt.  This follow-up paper addresses key questions raised by Bank and Fund Executive Directors on operational issues related to the debt sustainability framework for low-income countries. These include issues related to the robustness of the indicative debt thresholds, incorporation of domestic debt, the implementation of Debt Sustainability Analysis (DSAs), and the operational implications for the Bank, Fund and other international financial institutions and creditors.

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  • Turning Bureaucrats Into Warriors - Preparing and Implementing Multi-sector HIV/AIDS Programs in Africa - The new publication, prepared by the WB's HIV/AIDS teams, is a Generic Operations Manual (GOM) that has been prepared to provide practical, timely, operational, and relevant advice, lessons learned, and examples for those involved in waging the war against the HIV-AIDS epidemic in Africa. This GOM has three main audiences: (i) National AIDS Councils and their implementing partners in the public sector and civil society, across the sectors and from the village to the national level; (ii) external institutions involved in assisting the preparation and implementation of HIV/AIDS programs, including specialized agencies and donors such as the WB; and (iii) institutions and people around the world who are more generally involved in the practical aspects of enhancing the effectiveness and efficiency of HIV/AIDS program implementation. To learn more about the WB's work on HIV/AIDS, please go to: http://www.worldbank.org/aids/.
  • Keeping the Promise of Social Security in Latin America - The report presents empirical analysis of two decades of pioneering pension and social security reform in Latin America and the Caribbean.  It shows that much has been achieved, but that critical challenges remain. In tackling this unfinished agenda, a great deal can be learned from the reform experience of countries in the region. The report, produced by chief economist’s office in the Latin America and Caribbean Region at the WB, evaluates policy reforms in 12 countries of the region, points to successes and shortcomings, and proposes priorities and options for future reform.
  • Global Agricultural Trade and Developing Countries - The report presents research findings based on a series of commodity studies of significant economic importance to developing countries. First, the book sets the stage with background chapters and investigations of cross-cutting issues. Trade and domestic policy regimes affecting agricultural and food markets are described, and the resulting patterns of production and trade are assessed. The book follows with an analysis of product standards and costs of compliance and their effects on agricultural and food trade. An investigation of the impact of preferences given to selected countries and their effectiveness is next. The evidence on the attempts to decouple agricultural support from agricultural output is then reviewed. The last background chapter explores the robustness of the global gains of multilateral agricultural and food trade liberalization.

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13. New Websites/Web Resources

  • Revised Website of the Palestinian NGO II Project - The Palestinian NGO Project is a WB financed project, managed by the Welfare Association Consortium (WAC), to assist Palestinian non governmental organizations (NGOs) in providing needed services to the poor, the marginalized and the disadvantaged in the West Bank and Gaza. The WAC is made up of the Welfare Association, The British Council and the UK-based Charities Aid Foundation, and has created the Project Management Organisation (PMO) to run the Project. The newly updated website has all reports, studies, press materials, calls for proposals, activity reports, etc. relevant to the project, available both in English and Arabic.  You can also find there comprehensive information about the design of the project, the grants available as well as its programs.  All relevant information about the consortium and its members and stakeholders is posted as well. You can access the website by visiting: http://www.pngo-project.org/.

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14. Upcoming and Ongoing Global Events/Discussions

  • Economic Growth in the 1990s: Learning from a Decade of Reform, October 20 - December 15, 2004 - The WB's Poverty Reduction and Economic Management (PREM) Network is inviting public comments on its draft report on development lessons of the 1990s. The report reviews the growth impact of the main policy and institutional reforms introduced in the 1990s, presents a broad perspective on the events, country experiences, academic research and controversies of the decade, and reflects on how they alter our thinking about economic growth.  The goal of the electronic consultation is to enrich the content of the final report by drawing on comments and suggestions from interested groups and individuals.  You may submit comments on the draft reports by logging onto: http://www.dgroups.org and requesting to join the PREM e-discussion.  The final report is expected to be published in Spring 2005.
  • World Development Report 2006 -- Final Week of Online Consultation Process, October 8-19, 2004 - The final phase of the ongoing online consultation of the upcoming WB World Development Report (WDR) lasts from November 8 through November 19.  It discusses the third part of the report's draft Outline (available now in English, French and Spanish), a section called: Institutions and Policies for Greater Equity and Lower Poverty.   The 2006 WDR explores the role of equity in development.  Each year the WDR provides in depth analysis of a specific aspect of development. Past reports have considered such topics as the role of the state, transition economies, labor, infrastructure, health, the environment, and poverty. The reports are the Bank's best-known contribution to thinking about development.  To review and/or join the discussion, please go to: http://www.dgroups.org/groups/worldbank/WDR2006/index.cfm.

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  • The Legal Dimension of Inclusive Development, November 8-19, 2004 - This DevForum e-discussion is aimed at soliciting views of the global disability community (Disabled People Organizations, NGOs, etc.) and of all interested members of the international legal community (scholars, judges, lawyers, advocates, legal practitioners and organizations), specifically about the intertwined concepts of domestic and international law, development, and promotion through legal means of the rights of disabled people. The discussion is open to all and free of charge, with a view to including not only prominent experts on disability issues, but to broadening the debate by including legal specialists in relevant, related areas of expertise, including human rights.  It is coordinated by two internationally prominent moderators.
  • SpeakOut on WB Global Economic Prospects 2005: Trade, Regionalism, and Development, November 23, 2004 - International trade is one of the most prominent global economic issues today.  Do regional trade agreements bring greater benefits to people in developing countries in desperate need of jobs and better public services? This is the subject of the new publication by the WB: Global Economic Prospects 2005.  Please join lead author of the report and Richard Newfarmer for a live online discussion on the trade related topics discussed in the report.  The discussion will be held on Tuesday, Nov 23, between 11:30-12:30 EST (4:30-5:30 UTC).  You can ask your question ahead of the discussion, or view the discussion online at:  http://discuss.worldbank.org.  The Global Economic Prospects 2005 report was launched on November 16.

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  • Second Meeting of the High Level Forum on Health MDGs, December 2-3, 2004, Abuja, Nigeria - Leaders in international development, including those from developing countries,  development and UN agencies, bilateral donors, and charitable foundations such as the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, will meet in Abuja, Nigeria to build on the policy recommendations in the new WB report: "Rising to the Challenges: The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) For Health", and identify urgent follow-up actions, both at the country and global levels, to drive progress more quickly towards the 2015 health goals. The conference, the second in a series called the High-Level Forum on the Health MDGs, is coordinated jointly by the World Health Organization and the WB.
  • Save the Date!  Next Development Marketplace Global Competition - The next Development Marketplace Global Competition and Knowledge Exchange (DM2005) is scheduled for June 6-7, 2005.  DM2005 will be a thematic-DM with a focus on Innovations for Livelihoods in a Sustainable Environment. The Call for Proposals will be open from November 19, 2004 to January 21, 2005.  Information about how to send in a proposal, eligibility and assessment criteria, timeline, etc. will be available on the DM website: http://www.developmentmarketplace.org starting on November 19, 2004. For updates on DM2005 and other DM activity, please sign up in the DM Guestbook available at the DM website.
  • Coming up: Nine Country-level Development Marketplaces (CDMs) Around the World - Held at the national or regional level, and managed by the local WB Country Offices, CDMs are country-level innovation competitions that follow the global DM approach. They are dedicated to identifying and supporting  development ideas and building synergies among local and regional social entrepreneurs.  By June of 2005, nine WB country offices will carry out CDM competitions that will involve 14 countries.  These countries will be: Argentina, Chile Georgia, Indonesia, Lebanon, Malawi, Mexico, Nepal, Paraguay, Turkey, Uruguay, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Each of these programs vary in theme, date, eligibility criteria, and scope, but all will be accepting applications in November and December of 2004.  Awards are for local organizations and will be around $10,000 to $20,000.  For more information, please go to: http://www.developmentmarketplace.org and choose "Country-level DM."

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15. Recent Global Events/Discussions

  • Summary of the Millennium Goals Online Discussion, October 26, 2004 - Some 45 people from 17 countries submitted their questions on progress toward meeting the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) during an online discussion held by the WB on October 26 with Zia Qureshi, lead author of the WB’s Global Monitoring Report. Questions ranged from which countries and regions had made the most progress to whether it is realistically possible to measure progress in all countries. Qureshi provided insight into the processes used to track the goals, as well as background on the goals themselves -- a set of internationally agreed-upon targets to reduce global poverty, hunger, disease, illiteracy, environmental degradation and discrimination against women by 2015.  To review the discussion, please go to: http://discuss.worldbank.org/chat/view/9301.
  • International Youth Dialogue, October 18-20, 2004, Lübeck, Germany - “We don't want to talk about young people, we want to talk to them!” is how Bernd Eisenblätter, managing director of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH, summed up the objective of the dialogue. The event, entitled Youth and the Job Market: Ready for Each Other?, was organized by GTZ in cooperation with the Dräger Foundation, the Youth Employment Network (YEN includes the World Bank, the United Nations and the International Labor Organization) and the World Organization of the Scout Movement. The event centered on innovative approaches to promoting employment and political participation approaches initiated in 37 countries by the young people themselves. The central messages emerging from the Youth Dialogue were taken to the XVth Malente Symposium on October 19-20. Under the patronage of the chair of the German Children and Youth Foundation, international experts, including the young people from the Youth Dialogue, discussed "Youth Employment, Empowerment and Participation: Securing the Future". The symposium was organized by the Dräger Foundation jointly with GTZ and YEN.  Further information on the Youth Dialogue can be found at: http://www.gtz.de/youth/youthdialogue.

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  • Muslim and Non-Muslim Youth in Africa and the U.S. Explore Perspectives and Priorities for Global Understanding, Building Virtual Bridges Through GDLN, October 13, 2004 - More than 80 university students in Senegal, Uganda, and the United States connected via videoconference to discuss differences and explore commonalities in looking at each other and at the current state of the world. Participating from the Global Development Learning Network (GDLN) Centers in Dakar and Kampala, the University of Texas at Austin, and Emory University in Georgia, students engaged in a candid exchange of views on “American Power and Global Security.”  The event was organized by the group "Americans for Informed Democracy" and was conducted and moderated entirely by the four sites, with representatives from the media, nongovernmental organizations, local universities, and the WB participating as observers from the WB GDLN Studios in Washington. The dialogue forms part of a broader initiative by Americans for Informed Democracy to engage young people in the U.S. and around the world. Partners in the initiative include the Open Society Institute, the Rockefeller Brothers Fund, and the United Nations Foundation.  For more information, please visit http://www.facetofacedialogue.org/us_muslim_world.

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