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Civil Society Engagement eNewsletter - July 2005

This is the July 2005 edition of the World Bank Civil Society Engagement eNewsletter which is a regular electronic newsletter sent to Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) worldwide.  It is produced by the Civil Society Team of the World Bank (WB) in collaboration with other WB units.  This newsletter highlights some of the many policies, programs, and initiatives of the WB which may involve or be of interest to CSOs.

THERE ARE 9 ITEMS IN THIS ISSUE:

1.  World Bank and International Monetary Fund 2005 Annual Meetings: Information For CSOs
2.  Statement by Paul Wolfowitz, President of the World Bank, At Conclusion of G8 Summit
3.  A New World Bank Role in Managing Climate Change
4.  World Bank - Civil Society Engagement: Review of Fiscal Years 2002-2004
5.  World Bank Releases Results for Fiscal Year 2005
6.  News from the World Bank's Regional Departments

Africa

  • World Bank Program to Scale Up Capacity for Community  Driven Development in Africa
  • Second Poverty Reduction Support Credit for Madagascar
  • Second Multisectoral STI/HIV/AIDS Prevention Project in Madagascar

East Asia and Pacific (EAP)

  • World Bank and other donors support Vietnam’s National Education for All Program

Europe and Central Asia (ECA)

  • World Bank President Visits Bosnia and Herzegovina to Attend Srebrenica Commemoration
  • World Bank President Pays Informal Visit to Serbia and Montenegro
  • EU8 Quarterly Economic Report for Countries in Central Europe and Baltics
  • Fraudulent Practices in Two WB Projects in ECA: Companies Sanctioned

Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC)

  • Four New Credits in Support of Honduras' Poverty Reduction Strategy
  • Joint Committee for the Implementation and Monitoring of the Interim Cooperation Framework for Haiti

Middle East and North Africa (MENA)

  • Preventing HIV/AIDS in the Middle East and North Africa: A Window of Opportunity to Act
  • World Bank To Extend First Lending To Iraq In Three Decades
  • Maghreb Round Table: Civil Society Recommends Ways to Build a More Prosperous and Integrated North Africa

South Asia Region (SAR)

  • South-Asia Regional Forum on Grantmaking Good Practice & Civil Engagement, Islamabad, Pakistan, June 22-23, 2005
  • Tamil Nadu Empowerment and Poverty Reduction Project

7.  New Publications from the World Bank

  • African Development Indicators
  • Pro-Poor Growth in the 1990s: Lessons and Insights from 14 Countries

8. New Websites / Web Resources

  • YouThink: WB Website for Young People
  • Issues and Options for Improving Engagement Between the World Bank and CSOs: Language Versions Available on the Web

9. Recent Global Events/Discussions

  • The World Bank Holds Consultation on Migrant Remittances, Brussels, Belgium, July 13, 2005
  • Members of RESULTS Visit to the World Bank, Washington, DC, July 12, 2005
  • Seventh International Conference on AIDS in Asia and the Pacific, Kobe, Japan, July 1-5 2005
  • World Bank leads Donors Working Group in collaboration with NGO on Female Genital Mutilation Seminar –  Brussels, Belgium, June 1, 2005

1.  World Bank and International Monetary Fund 2005 Annual Meetings: Information For CSOs - The Board of Governors of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the Boards of Governors of the World Bank Group (WB) meet once a year to discuss and review the work of their respective institutions. The Annual Meetings 2005 (AMs) will take place over the weekend of September 24-25 in Washington, DC, USA.  The Meetings include plenary sessions, during which Governors take up matters of business, consult with one another, and address the assembled delegates to present their countries' views on current issues in international economics, development and finance.  Because the Meetings bring a large number of member country officials together, they provide opportunities for consultations large and small, formal and informal. Numerous seminars are held in conjunction with the meetings, including seminars conducted by staff members for CSOs. The Annual Meetings Program of Seminars is designed to foster creative dialogue among CSOs, the private sector, government delegates and senior WB and IMF officials and will be open free-of-charge to all accredited CSOs.  All participants in the AMs, including members of civil society, need to be accredited before the start of the Meetings.  Accreditation for CSOs opened on July 25 and will close on September 5th.  A new on-line registration system for CSOs is being implemented this year.  Please visit the Civil Society webiste for complete information on how to apply for accreditation.  

2.  Statement by Paul Wolfowitz, President of the World Bank, At Conclusion of G8 Summit - In his statement following the Summit, President Paul Wolfowitz noted that "the World Bank Group has been asked by the G-8 leaders and African leaders to play a leading role on two important matters: helping to ensure results in Africa on poverty reduction and development; and global climate management.”  On Africa, he said that "leaders have asked the Bank to help ensure that the sizeable increase in aid is successfully coordinated and implemented. The goal is to provide a framework through which additional resources can be delivered effectively and performance can be measured and evaluated--thus guaranteeing better results. That means assistance for performance and results."  On climate management, Wolfowitz said that "the Bank has been asked to create a new framework for mobilizing investment in clean energy and development. A first high-level meeting on this is scheduled to be hosted in Britain on November 1st by Prime Minister Blair and the World Bank Group".  The full statement.

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3.  A New World Bank Role in Managing Climate Change - At the close of the recent G-8 summit in Gleneagles, Scotland, world leaders called on the WB to work on financing a new framework for issues related to climate change.  In an interview, the WB's vice president for Sustainable Development, Ian Johnson, elaborates on how to establish the new framework and foster a broader dialogue on the issue.  "We can't achieve environmental sustainability and move toward a low-carbon economy if we continue relying on today's high-carbon technologies and policies that contribute to air and water pollution and climate change," he says.  He noted that the WB and its partners will be working to identify ways to lower the carbon intensity of economic activities, which are key for development.  In the agriculture sector, the WB will help countries adapt to climate change and reduce climate risk to the poorest rural populations.  It will also invest in research and development in agriculture.  The WB has set a target to increase renewable energy lending by 20%, and it will join efforts with other international and regional financial institutions to reach this target.  The full article.

4.  World Bank - Civil Society Engagement: Review of Fiscal Years 2002 - 2004 - The Bank's Civil Society Team has just published the "World Bank - Civil Society Engagement: Review of Fiscal Years 2002 - 2004" which reports on WB's multifaceted outreach initiatives with civil society over the past three years.  The review documents the growing level of interaction between the Bank and CSOs in such areas as policy dialogue, consultation, training, funding, and operational collaboration at the global, regional, and country levels.  The report is divided into five sections: policy dialogue and consultations; civic engagement and participation; operational collaboration and institutional partnerships; global, regional, and country-based engagement; and outreach to civil society constituencies. There are also annexes which documents civil society consultations on the Country Assistance Strategies (CAS) and civil society participation in the Poverty Reduction Strategy Processes (PRSPs) in over 70 countries.  A downloadable color version of the 112-page report.

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5.  World Bank Releases Results for Fiscal Year 2005 - On July 14, 2005 the WB released its lending results for fiscal year 2005, which ended June 30.  Financial support provided by the WB to developing countries rose to $22.3 billion for 279 projects worldwide.  This is an increase of $2.2 billion over the previous year.  Of this amount, $13.6 billion was in financing to mostly middle-income countries from the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) for 118 projects; and $8.7 billion was mostly in the form of no-interest loans or grants to the poorest countries from the International Development Association (IDA), for 161 projects.  While the volume of new lending was on the increase, overall lending quality also rose, according to the research. 

6.  News from the World Bank's Regional Departments

Africa

  • World Bank Program to Scale Up Capacity for Community  Driven Development in Africa - The program has featured 18 activities, including six Global Distance Learning Network (GDLN)-based courses over the past three years. Combining local discussions and field training with videoconferencing and internet-based learning, the courses are facilitated by 130 local Anglophone and Francophone trainers who have previously participated in program activities. The most recent course took place from June 6-16, 2005 with participants in Benin, Cameroon and Senegal. Policy makers, CSOs, and trainers discussed tools and opportunities for encouraging the inclusion of local communities in development projects and policies. Participants in the program come from 35 countries across Africa and continue to work with each other and with colleagues to apply and share what they have learned after they have completed an activity. The program is organized by the WB regional department for Africa and by the WBI’s Community Empowerment and Social Inclusion Program, with support from the governments of Finland, France, the Netherlands, and Norway.  More about this program.
  • Second Poverty Reduction Support Credit for Madagascar - The WB Board of Executive Directors on July 12 approved an International Development Association (IDA) credit of US$80 million to support the implementation of Government's Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP).  The Second Poverty Reduction Support Credit (PRSC 2) will deepen and consolidate the reforms that were initiated under the first PRSC, approved in July 2004, in fighting corruption, improving public expenditure management and customs, and in implementing Education for All and nutrition programs.  It will also help expand access to safe drinking water, improve health outcomes and provide protection from shocks.  The PRSC 2 continues to support the Government's Education for All (EFA) efforts, and also supports policy and institutional reform in the nutrition sector, and in the health sector, with the support for the update of the national health policy, and improved access to rural water through the development of a Water for All program.  To learn more about WB's work in Madagascar, please visit: http://www.worldbank.org/mg.
  • Second Multisectoral STI/HIV/AIDS Prevention Project in Madagascar - The project, approved on July 12, will assist in Madagascar’s response to the HIV/AIDS crisis by supporting health sector activities and the training of health sector workers, funding STI/HIV/AIDS prevention and caretaking sub-projects by CSOs, supporting project management and monitoring and evaluation, and by supporting the harmonization and coordination of donor activities.  The project will improve upon the successes of the first project by scaling-up local response activities by CSOs with a stronger focus on places where the population is at greatest risk to HIV/AIDS.  It will also emphasize activities that facilitate dialogue and action on behavior change and stigma reduction at the grassroots level.  More information about this and other WB operations in Madagascar can be found at: http://www.worldbank.org/mg.

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East Asia and Pacific (EAP)

  • World Bank and other donors support Vietnam’s National Education for All Program - On June 28 the WB Board of Governors approved a concessional credit of 50 million dollars for Vietnam’s Targeted Budget Support for National Education for All Plan Program.  The credit aims to enhance the quality of basic education and strengthen the administration of the government’s Education National Targeted Program (NTP).  The International Development Association (IDA) credit, which would provide funds directly to the Ministry of Education and Training's Education National Targeted Program, will finance improvements in physical infrastructure, teaching skills, provision of learning materials and community participation.  This program targets areas of the country where schools fall below minimum standards and outcome indicators are correspondingly low.  The main beneficiary groups include poor children, ethnic minorities, girls and children with disabilities.    To learn more about this, and other WB operations in Vietnam, please visit: http://www.worldbank.org/vn.

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Europe and Central Asia (ECA)

  • World Bank President Visits Bosnia and Herzegovina to Attend Srebrenica Commemoration - World Bank Group President visited Bosnia and Herzegovina on July 10 and 11, to join senior national and international officials at a commemoration of the tenth anniversary of the Srebrenica massacre.  During this visit, President Wolfowitz met with Prime Minister Adnan Terzic.  While in Sarajevo, Paul Wolfowitz also met local youth representatives to discuss current and future challenges facing Bosnia and Herzegovina.  For additional information about the visit and to learn more about WB operations in Bosnia and Herzegovina, please visit: http://www.worldbank.ba.
  • World Bank President Pays Informal Visit to Serbia and Montenegro - President Wolfowitz paid an informal visit to Serbia and Montenegro on July 11-12. He traveled to Belgrade from Bosnia, where he attended the commemoration service marking the 10th anniversary of the massacre in Srebrenica.  During his visit to Serbia and Montenegro Mr. Wolfowitz met with government representatives and representatives from civil society organizations and visited a Bank financed project.  For more information on the World Bank activities in Serbia and Montenegro, please go to: http://www.worldbank.org.yu.
  • EU8 Quarterly Economic Report for Countries in Central Europe and Baltics - According to the July issue of the Report, launched on July 21, economic performance in the eight Central European and Baltic countries that are new members of the EU, dampened in the first half of 2005, following an EU accession-related boost to investment, exports, output growth, and prices.  The report notes that output growth generally slowed in early 2005.  Real GDP growth in the first quarter of 2005 was weaker across the region.  Nevertheless, it remained quite robust in most countries when adjusting for seasonal factors.  Fiscal and inflation targets in 2005 are on track in most countries in the region.
  • Fraudulent Practices in Two WB Projects in ECA: Companies Sanctioned - In relation to the Klaipeda Environment Project in Lithuania, the WB debarred two companies, AB Hidrostatyba and AB Panevezio Statybos Trestas, and seven former or current employees for collusive practices as defined in the WB Procurement Guidelines.  In Russian Federation, the WB debarred ZAOLanck of St. Petersburg for fraudulent practices in relation to the WB-financed Education Innovation Project.  These companies and individuals will be ineligible to receive any new WB-financed contracts for the periods of their debarments.  These actions are part of the WB's broad anticorruption efforts initiated in 1996.  The WB Department of Institutional Integrity (INT) is charged with investigating allegations of fraud and corruption in WB-financed projects.  Information about these, as well as all past cases of fraud and corruption related to WB-financed projects can be found at: http://www.worldbank.org/integrity.

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Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC)

  • Four New Credits in Support of Honduras' Poverty Reduction Strategy - The World Bank approved on July 7 four zero-interest credits for a total of $97 million in support of Honduras’ comprehensive poverty reduction strategy.  The credits will fund four projects in the areas of urban development, rural infrastructure, nutrition and social safety nets for children and youth, and the modernization of judicial system. One of the credits, the US$20 million Nutrition and Social Protection Project will improve the nutritional and basic health status of preschool Honduran children by expanding the successful AIN-C program--a low-cost, community-based program that prevents malnutrition by counseling mothers about appropriate child feeding and other child-rearing practices--and by piloting a First Employment program for disadvantaged youth.  More information about these programs can be found at: http://www.worldbank.org/hn.
  • Joint Committee for the Implementation and Monitoring of the Interim Cooperation Framework for Haiti - The COCCI presented on July 12 the results of the Interim Cooperation Framework (ICF), Haiti's economic, social and political recovery program supported by international donors.  It was reported that as part of the coordination structure, sectoral tables have been organized to meet regularly to exchange information and coordinate activities between government, donors and NGOs in all the sectors covered under the ICF.  Among the many achievements of the ICF, electricity services have been maintained, albeit at varying levels, both in and outside of Port-au-Prince, streets are regularly cleaned in many neighborhoods, water services have been restored and maintained, and school materials were distributed to ensure a successful school year. Jobs were created in a number of sectors, including for road works, agriculture and local development projects. In addition, the government has increased transparency in how public resources are used – for example by establishing an anti-corruption unit and involving CSOs in the preparation of the budget. On the security and electoral fronts, 2,300 new police officers have been recruited, and an ambitious electoral registration process has been launched.  To learn more about this, and other WB programs in Haiti, please visit: www.worldbank.org/ht.

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Middle East and North Africa (MENA)

  • Preventing HIV/AIDS in the Middle East and North Africa: A Window of Opportunity to Act - The WB's first comprehensive regional strategy to combat the spread of HIV/AIDS in the Middle East and North Africa was launched in Beirut on June 27, 2005.  The event was well attended by CSOs, government representatives, medical professionals, as well as donors.  In his address, WB MENA Vice President, Christiaan Poortman, stressed that while many governments in the region have begun to take steps towards the prevention of the disease, the overall response to the spread of AIDS has been slow.  He said that despite the relatively low prevalence of the disease in MENA, governments and CSOs needed to embark on pre-emptive campaigns to reduce the risk of future epidemics, and pledged commitment to this cause.  Please visit: http://www.worldbank.org/lb for more information about the event, and the MENA region website: http://www.worldbank.org/mena for more information about WB work on HIV/AIDS in the region.
  • World Bank To Extend First Lending To Iraq In Three Decades - In response to a request from the Government of Iraq, up to $500 million in soft loans will be made available over the next two years to finance development projects in priority sectors, the WB announced on July 18 at an international donors meeting for Iraq at the Dead Sea in Jordan.  This lending package is the first to be extended by the World Bank to Iraq since 1973, following which its strong economic performance and increase in income per capita enabled it to ‘graduate’ from the Bank.  The new $500 million lending package will be used to address Iraq’s urgent needs by scaling up activities in sectors where operations financed by the Iraq Trust Fund demonstrate progress in implementation and are delivering results.  To learn more about new lending to Iraq, please visit: http://www.worldbank.org/iq.  More information on the International Reconstruction Fund Facility for Iraq (IRFFI) can be found at: http://www.irffi.org.
  • Maghreb Round Table: Civil Society Recommends Ways to Build a More Prosperous and Integrated North Africa - The May 2005 Maghreb Round Table, organized jointly by the MENA region of the WB and the African Development Bank, played a key role in setting in motion a renewed interest in regional integration and in implementing key reforms in the Maghreb region shared by Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia. In a unique attempt to develop dialogue between key thinkers and practitioners from these countries, the Round Table adopted an innovative approach which relied almost solely on input and contributions from CSOs. Over 250 CSOs, private sector, academia and, to a lesser extent, government, got together to work on building a common vision of the future of the Maghreb countries. The WB acted solely as a facilitator.  The Round Table was a unique opportunity for CSOs to influence change.   At the end of the conference, a three-fold action plan was put forward by the participants.  Several participants held a follow-up meeting in early July in Tunis.  To learn more about this initiative, please visit: http://www.worldbank.org/table-ronde-maghreb.

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South Asia Region (SAR)

  • South-Asia Regional Forum on Grantmaking Good Practice & Civil Engagement, Islamabad, Pakistan, June 22-23, 2005 - The main aim of the Forum was threefold: (i) to share and formulate innovative approaches to civil engagement in SAR with particular emphasis on persons with disabilities and youth; (ii) to facilitate regional dialogue on best-practice in outreach, selection, monitoring & evaluation of small grant recipients and; (iii) to create linkages between CSOs and international grant giving foundations working on disabilities and youth engagement. WB partnered with the National Rural Support Program, Pakistan’s largest NGO working towards development in rural areas of Pakistan.  Workshop sessions were organized around five main themes; (1) Understanding CSOs and civil engagement; (2) Governance & legitimacy of CSOs; (3) Bank partnerships with CSOs; (4) Engaging with youth and persons with disabilities for development and; (5) good practice approaches to grantmaking. Fifty-six persons attended the forum including representatives of CSOs working on youth and persons with disability, international foundations, private businesses, government of Pakistan, donor partners.  To find out more about the WB's Small Grants Program, please visit: http://www.worldbank.org/smallgrantsprogram, and to learn more about the Bank's work in Pakistan, please go to: http://www.worldbank.org/pk.
  • Tamil Nadu Empowerment and Poverty Reduction Project - The WB on July 12 approved a US$120 million credit to support to the Government of Tamil Nadu with the implementation of a comprehensive empowerment and poverty reduction program in this Indian state of 62 million people, where 20 percent of the population lives in poverty.  The project builds on Tamil Nadu’s existing programs and good practices using the Community Driven Development approach that puts poor people at the center of the planning and implementation of the changes that will affect their lives. The project focuses on reducing poverty through building social capital and a resource base in the poorest and most vulnerable communities. The approach emphasizes inclusion and strengthening local organizations and village governance. For more information on WB activities in India, please visit: http://www.worldbank.org/in.

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7.  New Publications from the World Bank

  • African Development Indicators - Net aid to Sub-Saharan African countries rose about 40 percent in 2003 – five percentage points higher than in 2002 - and the continent received greater debt relief over the same period, according to the annual WB publication, African Development Indicators (ADI) 2005, launched on June 29, 2005.  The region’s economic growth accelerated to 3.9 percent in 2003, up from 3.4 percent in 2002, the report says. According to ADI 2005, the gross domestic product (GDP) in fifteen Sub-Saharan African countries has grown consistently at a rate of over five percent a year since the mid-1990s and several countries increased exports by more than 10 percent.  However, the report warns that civil wars, the rapid spread of HIV/AIDS, corruption, low levels of aid and foreign direct investments, as well as weak commodity prices, threaten recent gains in overall poverty alleviation. It recommends broader and faster progress and a sharpened focus on economic growth to help African countries to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).  To read the publication, please go to: http://www4.worldbank.org/afr/stats/adi2005/default.cfm.
  • Pro-Poor Growth in the 1990s: Lessons and Insights from 14 Countries - The report, which is the main output of the Operationalizing Pro-Poor Growth work program, presents evidence from 14 country case studies that underscores the importance of promoting strong and sustained growth as part of any pro-poor growth strategy. The study, with case studies from Bangladesh, Bolivia, Brazil, Burkina Faso, el Salvador, Ghana, India, Indonesia,  Romania, Senegal, Tunisia, Uganda, Vietnam and Zambia, also reinforces the need to implement policies that enhance the ability of poor households to participate in growth.  The operationalizing Pro-Poor Growth (oPPG) program was initiated in 2003 by the aFD, BMZ (kFw/GtZ), DFID and the WB to better understand the options for policymakers to increase the impact of growth on poverty reduction and how they vary depending on policies and country conditions.  The study.  More information about the WB work on pro-poor growth and inequality.

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8. New Websites / Web Resources

  • YouThink: WB Website for Young People - The new feature of the YouthThink, the website of the WB for young people, focuses on development.  Young people worldwide tuned in to Live 8 concerts and the Make Poverty History campaign, while leaders of the 8 richest countries met at the yearly G8 summit to talk about development and poverty, especially in Africa. The website provides young people with resources on development, what influences it, what is poverty and how the WB defines it.  Please visit the YouthThink website at: http://youthink.worldbank.org/.
  • Issues and Options for Improving Engagement Between the World Bank and CSOs: Language Versions Available on the Web - The WB's Board of Directors met on January 25, 2005 to discuss a paper entitled Issues and Options for Improving Engagement Between the World Bank and Civil Society Organizations.  The paper is now available in 5 language versions - Arabic, Chinese, English, French, and Spanish (Russian translation will be available soon).  The paper was prepared by the WB's Civil Society Team, comprised of staff from the External Affairs, Communications and United Nations Affairs (EXT), Environmentally and Socially Sustainable Development (ESSD) and Operations Policy and Country Services (OPCS) Vice Presidential departments at the WB.  Board members were broadly supportive of the paper's analysis of the key lessons and issues that have emerged over the past few years of the WB's experience of engaging CSOs in development operations and in policy dialogue, and also supported the 10-point action plan aimed at improving the WB's engagement with CSOs, outlined in the paper. More on the Issues and Options paper and language versions.

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9. Recent Global Events/Discussions

  • The World Bank Holds Consultation on Migrant Remittances, Brussels, Belgium, July 13, 2005 - The WB organized in a consultation meeting in Brussels on migrant remittances, in preparation of the WB report Global Economic Prospects (GEP) 2006.  The GEP2006, to be released near the end of 2005, will focus on the subjects of the flow of international migrant remittances and ways of improving their development impact.  The meeting was attended by a wide range of stakeholders including trade unions, CSOs, academics, and banking institutions.  WB hopes to make a significant contribution in the growing debate on remittances through the report. International migration, the movement of people across international boundaries to improve economic opportunity, has enormous implications for growth and welfare in both origin and destination countries.  According to official statistics, developing countries' remittance receipts totalled $116 billion in 2003. That is over twice the amount of official development assistance.  Please visit the Economics Research website of the WB at: http://econ.worldbank.org for more information about the GEPs and other research publications.
  • Members of RESULTS Visit to the World Bank, Washington, DC, July 12, 2005 - RESULTS, a grassroots advocacy organization dedicated to creating the political will to end hunger and the worst aspects of poverty came to the WB for a day of meetings on July 12, 2005.  The meeting was chaired by the WB Vice President for Human Development.  During this meeting, members from RESULTS shared the work that they have been doing on malaria and TB, as well as on basic education, with their respective members of Parliament, Diet and Congress and also discussed with the WB staff how they can support the work of the WB in these areas.  Every year RESULTS hosts an annual conference in Washington for their partners from around the US and also with members from their six international affiliate countries - Australia, Canada, Germany, Japan, Mexico and the United Kingdom.  For over 20 years, RESULTS chapters around the U.S. and in international affiliate countries have worked with their policymakers to forward national policies that help low-income people around the world.  Some of the issues include TB, TB-HIV, malaria, basic education and microenterprise.  To learn more about RESULTS, please visit:  More information about the WB work on malaria,  and TB can be found at: http://www.worldbank.org/hnp.
  • World Bank leads Donors Working Group in collaboration with NGO on Female Genital Mutilation Seminar –  Brussels, Belgium, June 1, 2005 - The Donors Working Group on Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) - a network of public and private international development actors, co-chaired by the WB and GTZ, together with the NGO - No Peace Without Justice and Member of Parliament Emma Bonino, organized a Seminar titled "Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: A Call for EU Action" at the European Parliament, in Brussels.  The seminar consisted of two panel discussions, with the first panel - "Perspectives on the Abandonment of FGM/C", involving an exchange of experiences and views of donors, NGOs and international agencies, on the efforts made in the last decade towards the abandonment of FGM.  In the second panel, entitled "The Role of the EU in Meeting the Challenge to Achieve the Abandonment of FGM/C", EU representatives presented efforts and plans on addressing the problem of FGM. Full report.  See also http://www.daphne-toolkit.org/ for atoolkit on violence against women and children.
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