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Civil Society Engagement eNewsletter-December 2006

MAIN STORIES:

Update on the Status of Consultations on Strengthening Bank Group Engagement on Governance and Anti-corruption

One World Trust Rates World Bank's Accountability Against Other International Organizations
Governments Endorse Bank's Progress on Conditionality

World Bank Doubles Funding To Malaria by Committing 180 Million to Nigeria
World Bank Supports Kumasi-Atlanta Partnership and President Wolfowitz Calls on US Government to Increase Foreign Aid

Development Marketplace 2007 Drew Record Number of Proposals

Enhancing CSO Partnerships in International Agricultural Research

World Bank-European Commission Joint Initiative To Support Civil Society Development

President Wolfowitz Meets with Australian Civil Society Groups

Senior Staff Announcements

*     NEWS FROM THE WORLD BANK'S REGIONAL DEPARTMENTS
*     NEW PUBLICATIONS FROM THE WORLD BANK
*      CURRENT AND UPCOMING GLOBAL EVENTS/DISCUSSIONS


1. Update on the Status of Consultations on Strengthening Bank Group Engagement on Governance and Anti-corruption - Consultations on the World Bank's new governance and anti-corruption strategy are in full swing. The objective of the consultations with civil society, government, donor agencies, private sector, parliamentarians and others is to seek stakeholders' views and lessons learned to help the Bank refine the strategy and guide its implementation. Consultations have already taken place in a number of countries, and more are expected to take place in a total of approximately 40 countries before end January 2007.  Dates and venues of scheduled consultation meetings, background materials, and summaries of feedback received will be posted and updated regularly on the events calendar page on the World Bank's governance website: www.worldbank.org/governancefeedback. This website also has a form where written feedback on the strategy can be submitted; the deadline for written feedback is Friday, January 26, 2007. The website is available in ArabicFrenchRussian and Spanish. Questions on the process may be directed to civilsociety@worldbank.org or to governancefeedback@worldbank.org

2.  One World Trust Rates World Bank's Accountability Against Other International Organizations -  In the newly released 2006 Global Accountability Report (GAR) by UK-based CSO One World Trust, the World Bank ranks in the top 7 of 30 international organizations (including CSOs, multilateral agencies and multinational corporations) on the following four dimensions of accountability: transparency, complaints, evaluation, and participation.  The Bank was only one of three inter-governmental organizations that scored over 50% in three of the above-mentioned areas, and it received the highest score of all 30 organizations assessed on its complaint mechanisms, with the Bank's Inspection Panel cited as good practice. The Bank scored lower on civil society participation, in part due to the perceived power imbalance between developed and developing countries on the Bank's Board of Directors and because the Bank's policies on civil society participation are not legally binding or enforceable.

3.   Governments Endorse Bank's Progress on Conditionality - The WB's Board of Executive Directors met on December 5 to discuss the Bank's progress on reforming conditionalities linked to its lending policies. The Board endorsed a new Bank progress report which shows that the Bank has sharply reduced conditionalities and has introduced much greater flexibility in its policy-based lending since the late 1990s. Drawing on a set of 19 development policy operations, the progress report found that the Bank uses 11-13 conditions on average per operation, a historical low, and that in almost all of the cases the conditions were clearly backed by strong government ownership and widely published government program. Many CSOs and governments, however, continue to have concerns about Bank conditionality. President Wolfowitz discussed this issue in his meetings with CSOs in Europe last month, and the Bank looks forward to continued dialogue and monitoring from CSOs.

  4. World Bank Doubles Funding To Malaria by Committing 180 Million to Nigeria - The World Bank doubled its funding for the fight against malaria in Africa by approving a US$180 million interest-free credit for Nigeria , a country which has approximately 20 percent of the world's malaria cases. The new project will support Nigeria's National Malaria Control Program in its efforts to halve the country's malaria deaths by 2010.  President Wolfowitz spoke about the development impact of malaria and the World Bank's commitment to fight this disease at the White House Summit in Malaria in Washington D.C. on December 14.  The summit brought together a wide range of international personas to raise awareness on the issue. For further information, click here.

 5.   World Bank Supports Kumasi-Atlanta Partnership and President Wolfowitz Calls on US Government to Increase Foreign Aid - The World Bank is supporting the creation of a unique partnership between seasoned development groups in the Atlanta, Georgia community, led by US-based CSO CARE, and the city of Kumasi, Ghana. On December 11, President Wolfowitz joined Atlanta Mayor Shirley Franklin, CARE President Helene Gayle in Atlanta to announce the innovative partnership.  During his visit to Atlanta, Mr. Wolfowitz also participated in a roundtable discussion  at the Federal Reserve of Atlanta, in which he emphasized the need for US citizens to better understand poverty in Africa, why it should matter to them, and why the US must increase its support for development assistance. President Wolfowitz noted, "The Americans are proud of their country's role on the world stage, but with global leadership comes global responsibility."  
More information on the Kumasi-Atlanta Partnership,
Wolfowitz Speech on Why Africa Matters to AmericansWolfowitz Speech on Making Poverty Your Business

6. Development Marketplace 2007 Drew Record Number of Proposals  -  A record-breaking 2,868 proposals were submitted for the 2007 Development Marketplace Global Competition themed "Improving Results in Health, Nutrition, and Population Services for the Poor." The call for proposals ran September 20-November 21. The highest number of applicants per region came from Africa, with about a third of submissions coming from 42 countries across the continent. The top five countries to submit proposals are: India (326), Indonesia (310), Kenya (150), Nigeria (114) and China(113), and grassroots-based NGOs submitted roughly 70 percent of the proposals. During late December and early January, some 220 health experts from within and outside the World Bank will review the submitted proposals and narrow these down to 100 finalists who will attend the DM event May 22-23 in Washington. About 40 winners will be announced at the event. Approximately US$4 million in awards will be given to local projects using innovative approaches for improving health in developing countries.  For further information, visit the Development Marketplace website .

7. Enhancing CSO Partnerships in International Agricultural Research - The Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) held a major forum in Washington in early December, involving more than 100 representatives of civil society organizations, to identify ways of strengthening collaboration in research for development. The forum featured an "innovation marketplace" with nearly 50 posters describing CSO-CGIAR partnerships and a series of lively group discussions aimed at extracting lessons learned from those experiences and identifying new avenues for working together. CGIAR Members stressed the need to build on the momentum created by the forum by approving a series of next steps, including strong efforts in capacity strengthening and communications as well as a new competitive grants program. Initially involve a total of US$1 million provided by the governments of the UK, USA and Norway, the grants program will fund pilot projects designed to further develop and apply new approaches for enhancing CGIAR-CSO engagement. For further information, visit the CGIAR website .

8. World Bank-European Commission Joint Initiative To Support Civil Society Development- The European Commission and the World Bank signed an agreement establishing a three year program to facilitate donor coordination in the area of civil society development --called  DECIM initiative (Donor Exchange, Coordination and Information Mechanism).   The Agreement, under which the EC pledges Euro 500,000 for a 3-year program managed by the World Bank, was signed in Brussels on December 12th by Graeme Wheeler, World Bank Managing Director and Koos Richelle, Director General, EC Aidco.  The program will support the implementation of a Donor Exchange, Coordination and Information Mechanism (DECIM), which is open to bilateral, multilateral donors and private foundations, and which will benefit a wide range of civil society organizations. The program will be jointly-implemented, starting January 2007, by the signatories' organizations and managed by the World Bank. The DECIM initiative has been developed over the last 18 months through an elaborate process of consultations among the governmental and intergovernmental donor agencies, foundations and civil society organizations. For more information, please contact: Jan Pakulski in the Bank's ECA Region Social Development Team at jpakulski@worldbank.org.

9. President Wolfowitz Meets with Australian Civil Society Groups - While attending the G20 Meeting of Finance Ministers and Central Bankers in Melbourne, Australia, Mr Wolfowitz had a very constructive dialogue on November 18 with representatives of the Australian Council for International Development (ACFID) Australia's main umbrella organization for Australian CSOs supporting humanitarian relief and development. The CEOs attending the meeting represented 80% of Australia's expenditure on development assistance, and work extensively in the Asia and Pacific region with AusAID, the World Bank, the Asian Development Bank and other donors. The meeting covered a range of topics and development issues of particular interest, among them the World Bank's recent report entitled "Home & Away. Expanding Job Opportunities for Pacific Islanders Through Labour Mobility" launched on August 14, 2006. ( report and media statement) Bank senior management agreed to meet regularly with ACFID members to discuss operational and policy issues associated with joint development work, including areas of specific interest in the East Asia and Pacific region.

10. Senior Staff Announcements - Marwan Muasher has been appointed Senior Vice President of External Affairs, Communications and United Nations Affairs. Mr. Muasher joins the Bank from his most recent position at the Senate of Jordon. He has served as the Deputy Prime Minister responsible for Reform and Government Performance in Jordan. His appointment will be effective in early March 2007. Joy Phumaphi has been appointed Vice President of Human Development. Ms. Phumaphi joins the Bank from the World Health Organization, as the Assistant Director General for the Family and Community Health Department. Her appointment will be effective in early February 2007.  Annette Dixon has been appointed Country Director for Central Asia (ECA). Ms. Dixon has held various positions in the Bank, most recently being the Operations and Strategy Director for ECA. Her appointment is effective immediately. Yokio Yoshimura, Vice President of Japanese Affairs has announced his decision to retire in early January. Interim and sucession arrangements will be announced shortly.


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NEWS FROM THE WORLD BANK'S REGIONAL DEPARTMENTS

Africa (AFR)

Countries Exchange Experiences of AIDS Treatment Acceleration Project- Exchanges among African countries of experiences on the two-year old Treatment Acceleration Project (TAP) was at the pinnacle of the World Bank's two-week long activities (November 27-December 7) in observance of HIV and AIDS.   Converging in Washington, DC, participants from Mozambique, Ghana, Burkina Faso and representatives of sponsoring organizations – the World Health Organization (WHO), the United Nations Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the World Bank – engaged in a one-day marathon exchange of lessons learned. The learning agenda included the whole array of social and economic benefits of treatment, as well as health system issues, promotion of public private sector partnerships (PPPs).  The evaluation of the PPPs is currently taking place in Burkina Faso and initial reports will be ready sometime in January. More

Rwanda: The World Bank approves Grant for Poverty Reduction Program - The Bank's Board approved an International Development Association (IDA) grant for US$50 million to assist Rwanda with the implementation of key policy actions outlined in its Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP).This is the third in a series of Rwanda's 2002 Poverty Reduction Strategy Operations. The aim of the Third Poverty Reduction Support Grant is to promote macroeconomic stability and sustained economic growth, improve delivery of basic services by local governments, deepen public expenditure management reform, and foster good governance, with an emphasis on transparency and accountability notably through citizen participation, building on the successes of Rwanda's first and second poverty reduction support grants. More


East Asia and the Pacific (EAP)

New World Bank Vice President Visits China on First Trip - Mr. James Adams, went on his first mission to China, in his new capacity as the World Bank's Vice President for the East Asia and Pacific region.  The main objective of his visit was to learn from China's development experience, and discuss how this experience can be shared with other countries. "One of the agendas I will explore during my visit is how the World Bank can work with the Chinese authorities to further sustainable development abroad," Jim Adams said. More

Community Empowerment Projects Achieve Strong Results, Donors Pledge US$110 Million More - The US$655 million Multi Donor Fund (MDF) for Aceh and Nias released a 18 month progress report on tsunami recovery efforts. The Fund has proved an effective, transparent and empowering mechanism for channeling donor support to projects implemented by tsunami-affected communities, the government reconstruction agency, the BRR and NGOs. In fact the initial MDF amount of US$540 million was raised recently following its strong performance. To date, the MDF has allocated US$482 million to 17 projects of which US$214 million has been disbursed. These include housing and community recovery, infrastructure and transport, environment and capacity building. The results of the program are achieved through community participation, in which villagers are empowered to decide what is most needed in their community, implement the projects and monitor the quality of the results, making the Multi Donor Fund the largest employer in Aceh creating 10 million work-days of labor. More

 

Europe and Central Asia (ECA)

World Bank Managing Director Graeme Wheeler Completes Visit to Moldova- World Bank Managing Director, Graeme Wheeler,  had a three-day official visit to Moldova in early December. The purpose of the visit was to learn about the opportunities and challenges facing Moldova , to have discussions with the government and other stakeholders, and to explore further ways to strengthen World Bank cooperation with Moldova. During his stay, Mr. Wheeler met with the President of the Republic of Moldova, Mr. Vladimir Voronin, the Speaker of the Parliament, Mr. Marian Lupu, the Prime Minister, Mr. Vasile Tarlev,the First Deputy Prime Minister, Mrs. Zinaida Greceanii, Parliamentary faction leaders, and other key Government officials. He also had meetings with representatives of civil society, and the business and donor communities. More

Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC)

Developing E. Asia and Latin America Face Similar Education Challenges - A new World Bank report suggests that developing countries in Latin America and East Asia may be a world apart, but both regions are locked in a similar struggle to educate their young people. While most children in each region get a basic education in primary school, a much smaller percentage goes on to secondary school and attains the kind of knowledge and skills needed to succeed in an increasingly competitive and high-tech world, according to Meeting the Challenges of Secondary Education in Latin America and East Asia. The report reveals developing countries in Latin America and East Asia face a similarly broad range of challenges, such as: providing greater access to secondary education while improving the quality of the teaching and learning processes; and reducing disparities between income groups and urban and rural areas. More

Haiti Reaches Decision Point Under the Enhanced HIPC Debt Relief Initiative - The World Bank's International Development Association (IDA) and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) have determined that the Republic of Haiti qualified for debt relief under the enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative by reaching the decision point under the Initiative. The Government of the Haiti will receive interim debt relief from certain creditors, but in order to qualify for irrevocable debt relief at the completion point, Haiti will be implementing a broad set of reforms. In addition to HIPC debt relief, the Haiti will be eligible for Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative (MDRI) assistance when it reaches the HIPC completion point. More

Middle East and North Africa (MENA)

The World Bank Supports Hydropower in Iraq - The World Bank's Board approved a credit of $40 million for the Republic of Iraq . The credit will finance urgent repairs of two hydroelectric power stations located in the Kurdistan region and prepare for their subsequent full rehabilitation.   The project will support the government of Iraq's efforts to improve electricity supply in the country in accordance with Iraq's National Development Strategy, which emphasizes the need for rapid rehabilitation of critical infrastructure to improve basic service delivery. More


World Bank Supports National Initiative for Human Development in Morocco - The World Bank's Board approved a US$100 million loan for the Morocco National Initiative for Human Development Support Project. The project responds to the high level commitment to reducing poverty and vulnerability as manifested by the King's announcement on May 18, 2005 of the National Human Development Initiative (INDH).  This poverty reduction program targets over 250 urban neighborhoods and 400 rural communes among the poorest and most excluded communities with multi-sectoral public and revenue-generating investments, and also has a component focusing on the most vulnerable populations. More

South Asia (SAR)

The UK and WB sign Rs 585 million Agreement to Support Poverty Reduction in Pakistan - Dr. Yusaf Samiullah, Head of the UK's Department for International Development (DFID) in Pakistan and Dr. John Wall, Country Director of the World Bank, Pakistan signed a Memorandum of Understanding for DFID to provide up to 585 million Rupees (UK£ 5 million) worth of technical assistance to support the implementation of Pakistan's Poverty Reduction Support Credit (PRSC) program. The fund will be used to support the development, implementation and monitoring of policies that support Pakistan's Poverty Reduction Strategy. This includes targeting the poor and vulnerable, promoting growth and macroeconomic stability and supporting a governance framework that will enable better health and education services for the country. More

Afghanistan: World Bank Supports Rural Communities - The rural poor in Afghanistan stand to benefit from a US$120 million World Bank grant to improve and expand the National Solidarity Program (NSP), a community-driven development program designed to combat rural poverty through support to rural infrastructure and community-level governance. The project will support expansion of NSP to new districts, and strengthen community-level governance. The program facilitates a process through which rural communities organize themselves and identify their development needs and priorities. It also builds a collaborative partnership among central and provincial government, local and international nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), and the communities themselves. More

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NEW PUBLICATIONS FROM THE WORLD BANK

Global Economic Prospects 2007: Managing the Next Wave of Globalization -According to the report, growth in developing countries will reach a near record 7 percent this year. In 2007 and 2008, growth will probably slow, but still likely exceed 6 percent, more than twice the rate in high-income countries, which is expected to be 2.6 percent.  With such expected growth, the report calls for stronger institutions internationally to tackle threats to the global commons. It also calls for more and better development assistance. Reducing barriers to trade is vital as well, since it can create new opportunities for poor countries and poor people. More

Reforming Agricultural Trade for Developing Countries (Vol. 1): Key Issues for a Pro-Development Outcome of the Doha Round - Developing countries have much greater leverage in the Doha Round negotiations, due at least in part to their large and growing share of world trade. Nonetheless, it remains to be seen whether this influence will be translated into a final agreement that is truly more development-friendly. This volume takes up select issues of importance to developing countries, including the implications of the concept of the "multifunctionality" of agriculture, the impact on market access of sanitary and phytosanitary regulations, the role of special and differential treatment for developing countries in the negotiations, and what lessons can be learned from previous trade reform experiences. More

Liberalization and Universal Access to Basic Services: Telecommunications, Water and Sanitation, Financial Services, and Electricity - Building on a recent groundbreaking OECD/World Bank seminar, this volume explores whether and how trade liberalization can contribute to achieving universal service goals and the types of complementary policies required. It focuses on experiences in four sectors - telecommunications, water and sanitation, financial services, and electricity. The unique multi-sector perspective taken in this book, together with the national case studies, yield insights which can help countries promote their universal access goals. More

Ending Poverty in South Asia: Ideas That Work - This groundbreaking book from South Asia shows how homegrown experiments can be scaled up to transform the lives of millions of poor women and men in the developing world. Here are stories of development ideas that work — and of the visionary individuals who were determined to see them succeed. These achievements have taken place against all odds, in countries struggling with widespread corruption, weak governance, minimal infrastructure, deep-rooted social divisions, and poorly functioning judicial systems. This book offers valuable lessons in how to make markets and services work to benefit poor people directly, enhancing their dignity and freedom of choice. More



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UPCOMING AND ONGOING GLOBAL EVENTS/DISCUSSIONS

Hazards of Nature, Risks and Opportunities for Development in South Asian Countries

Learning the Lessons from Past Disasters - Preparing for the Future

 

This regional conference will be held in New Delhi from December 19 - 20, 2006. Various government, civil society and international agency representatives are expected   to discuss how best to promote and implement risk mitigation activities in South Asian Countries, how to make more effective the assistance provided, as well as the identification of issues which may require further discussion. This conference has been organized in collaboration with the World Bank Institute and is supported by the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR) through the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR). More

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The Newsletter is produced by the Civil Society Team of the World Bank (WB) in collaboration with other WB units. This newsletter highlights some of the many policies, programs, and initiatives of the WB which may involve or be of interest to CSOs. We welcome your comments and feedback to make this newsletter as useful as possible. You can subscribe to the Newsletter using a new registration page: http://www.worldbank.org/civilsocietyengagementnewsletter/. Please share your comments on the Newsletter with us: civilsociety@worldbank.org.  All past issues of the Newsletter can be found on the WB site on Civil Society Engagement at: http://www.worldbank.org/civilsociety.




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