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2008 World Bank Group and International Monetary Fund Spring Meetings

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Civil Society Policy Forum ( April 10-13, 2008)
Washington, DC, USA

Civil Society Policy Forum during the 2008 Spring Meetings was held from Thursday, April 10 - Sunday, April 13, 2008.  It was organized by the WBG and IMF Civil Society Teams. The Forum was comprised of numerous policy dialogue sessions which brought together Bank and Fund staff, CSO representatives, government officials, and others.  Important issues which were addressed during the 2008 Spring Meetings were discussed.

Below is the schedule of the policy sessions that were held.

  Thursday      Friday       Saturday


Final version

Thursday, April 10

9:00 - 9:30
MC C1-100



Welcome Breakfast and Introduction to the Civil Society Forum and Spring Meetings

  International Monetary Fund, World Bank

Staff from the Civil Society Team at the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund  welcomed CSO visitors to the Spring Meetings, presented the schedule of the Civil Society Policy Forum, and answered questions.


9:00 - 10:30
CIEL (1350 Connecticut Avenue, NW Suite #1100)


NGO/CSO Meeting with the World Bank Inspection Panel

Sponsors: Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL), Bank Information Center (BIC)

The spring meeting of NGOs and CSOs with the World Bank Inspection Panel was an opportunity to meet the Inspection Panel members and Secretariat, and to discuss IP claims, issues, and concerns.


9:30 - 11:00
MC C1-200










Structural Conditionalities in the IMF: A Discussion Between the IMF, IEO, and CSOs

Sponsors: European Network on Debt and Development (EURODAD), Bank Information Center (BIC), Bretton Woods Project (BWP)

Panelists:  Ruben Lamdany (Independent Evaluation Office), Juan Zalduendo (IMF), Lucy Hayes (EURODAD), Respondent: Peter Chowla (Bretton Woods Project), Chair: Bhumika Muchhala, Bank Information Center

An upcoming civil society report demonstrates that IMF structural conditionality did not decline in the five years after the approval of the Fund’s conditionality guidelines in September 2002, which were based on the principles of ownership and criticality in its application of structural conditionality, as well as to streamlining the number of conditions. Going on seven years, it seems that these guidelines have been more honored in principle than in practice. A recent Independent Evaluation Office report confirms that progress in implementing the conditionality guidelines has been limited.  Findings confirm that the IMF continues to impose conditions in areas beyond its core mandate of monetary policy, public financial management and financial sector soundness. These non-core areas include state-owned enterprise reform and privatization, social policies, civil service reform, or regulatory reform.


10:00 - 11:30
MC C1-100









Implementing the Governance and Anti-Corruption Strategy at the Country Level

World Bank, Transparency International

Panel: Sanjay Pradhan (World Bank), Christian Poortman (Transparency International), Peter Harrold (World Bank), Collins Magalasi, (Action Aid), Nancy Boswell (Transparency International) Chair

Last September the World Bank Group finished a second round of feedback related to its Governance and Anticorruption (GAC) strategy and  completed an implementation plan.  The implementation plan calls for mainstreaming governance into many country assistance strategies (CAS), and will result in a significant scaling up of GAC work over the next few years.  More recently, the September 2007 recommendations of the high level panel reviewing the Department of Institutional Integrity (INT) were considered by a working group reporting to the President, and have also resulted in an implementation plan that will feed into a more integrated governance architecture. This briefing session discussed how the scaling up of GAC is being achieved, how it will be measured, the early stages of policy analysis and development in 26 countries where country level governance plans (CGAC) are in process, and how the INT-related recommendations are being carried out. 

List of Participants

12:00 - 1:30 
MC C1-200








Is There Scope for Civil Society Participation in Bank Training Programs?

Sponsors: World Learning, World Bank

Panel:  Meg Kinghorn (World Learning), John Garrison (World Bank), and Preeti Shroff-Mehta (World Learning)

World Learning has recently completed a study titled "Strategies for Engaging Civil Society in World Bank Training Programs" (main report without annexes) which describes the Bank's many internal and external training programs and whether there has been civil society participation.  WL carried out a global web-based survey of 1,300 CSO respondents and held focus group meetings in 8 countries to gage whether there is interest by civil society in participating in the Bank's training offers courses.  The panelists presented the findings of this study and promoted a discussion with participants about ways to encourage joint Bank - civil society training initiatives.

List of Participants


12:00 - 1:30







Development Results Measurement at IFC

Sponsor: International Finance Corporation (IFC)

Panelists: Roland Michelitsch (Manager, Development Effectiveness), Geeta Batra (Head, Monitoring and Evaluation)

Over the past years, IFC has invested substantially in enhancing development results measurement and has incorporated reporting on its development results in its  Annual Report, with additional information provided online in the Results Measurement Portal (  This session provided a brief overview of results measurement at IFC, followed by an opportunity for Q&A. The session was hosted by Roland Michelitsch, Manager, Development Effectiveness and Geeta Batra, Head, Monitoring and Evaluation.


2:00 - 3:30 
MC C1-100










Examination of the Use of Country Systems to Address Environmental and Social Safeguard Issues

SponsorsBank Information Center (BIC), Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL)

Panel: Anne Perrault (Center for International Environmental Law), Bruce Jenkins (Bank Information Center), Stephen Lintner and Harvey Hiimberg (World Bank)

This panel provided a forum for a discussion between civil society and World Bank staff on the implementation of the country systems approach to date and the plans for expanding its use. The World Bank began piloting the use of country systems in 2005 as a way to increase development effectiveness, strengthening the borrower country's institutions and laws, enhancing country ownership of development programs, and lowering transaction costs by harmonizing donor processes. However, some CSOs have fundamental concerns about whether these goals are being achieved and at what cost. First, are the environmental and social safeguards approved for use under the country systems approach as strong as the existing Bank safeguard policies? Second, is the use of country systems facilitating enduring, legally-binding improvements in the borrower country's systems that will apply to future projects? Finally, will accountability of the Bank to communities be as effective under a country systems approach as it is under the current Bank approach to safeguards?

List of Participants

3:00 - 4:30 
MC C1-200






IFC and IDA:  A Briefing for Civil Society

:  IDA/IFC Secretariat

Panelists: Nigel Twose, (Director, IDA/IFC Secretariat) and Akihiko Nishio, (Director, Resource Mobilization Department, World Bank)

This session briefed civil society on IFC's $1.75 million contribution to the World Bank's International Development Association (IDA) in December 2007, underscoring IFC's increasing focus on strengthening the role of the private sector in promoting poverty reduction in Africa and low-income regions. The session focused on the background and rationale of this contribution as well as how the new secretariat plans to carry out its role.


4:45 - 6:00 
MC 13-121




Policy Briefing on Spring Meetings Agenda and Other Issues

  International Monetary Fund, World Bank

Marwan Muasher (World Bank Group Senior Vice President for External Affairs), and Masood Ahmed  (Director, External Relations Department, International Monetary Fund) briefed participating CSOs on the official Spring Meetings agenda and answered questions. The session was chaired by Sylvain Browa (Senior Manager, Partnership and Development Impactm, InterAction).

List of Participants
Summary of Discussion

6:00 - 7:30 
Main Complex Bldg.
12th Floor Gallery


Reception with World Bank Group President and IMF Managing Director

  World Bank, International Monetary Fund

Robert B. Zoellick (World Bank Group President), and Dominique Strauss-Kahn (International Monetary Fund Managing Director), introduced by Andrew Kumbatira, Executive Director, Malawi Economic Justice Network, joined civil society representatives at an informal reception.




Friday, April 11

9:00 - 10:30
MC C1-100











Briefing on Bank Group's Six Strategic Themes

 World Bank

PanelObiageli Katryn Ezekwesili (Vice President for Africa), Hans-Martin Boehmer (Controller, Strategy, and Resource Management), Nadir Mohammed  (Middle East Region), Markus Kostner (Operations Policies and Country Services Network), Jan Weetjens (Human Development Department)

Following extensive meetings with clients and shareholders in the month before he took office, Bob Zoellick, unveiled his vision for an "inclusive and sustainable globalization" in a speech made during the 2007 Annual Meetings. To underpin this vision, he identified six strategic themes he felt the Bank should focus on in order to further the Bank's mission of poverty reduction. These are: i) helping to overcome poverty and spur sustainable growth in poor countries, especially in Africa; ii) addressing the special challenges of countries coming out of conflict or seeking to avoid breakdown of state; iii) developing a competitive menu of "development solutions" for middle-income countries; iv) playing active role in regional and global public goods; v) advancing development and opportunity in the Arab world; and iv) fostering a "knowledge and learning" agenda across the Bank Group. Six internal working groups were established and they have been holding staff meetings across the Bank to fine-tune the objectives for each area and identify immediate and medium-term actions. This session allowed senior Bank managers to provide an update on the strategic theme, as well as hear the views and suggestions by CSOs on how best to enhance the Bank Group's efforts in these areas. 

List of Participants
Summary of Discussion

10:00 - 12:00
IFC Auditorium
International Finance Corporation
2121 Pennsylvania Ave. (Entrance on K Street)








Panel Discussion and Launch of the IEG Study on Financing Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises through Financial Intermediaries

Sponsors: Independent Evaluation Group at the International Finance Corporation (IEG-IFC), The World Bank Public Information Center (InfoShop)

Introductory remarks: Vinod Thomas (Director General, Evaluation Independent Evaluation Group, The World Bank Group), Chair: Marvin Taylor-Dormond (Director, IEG-IFC), Panelists: Amitava Banerjee (IEG-IFC), James Scriven (Global Financial Markets Group, IFC), Elizabeth Littlefield (Consultative Group to Assist the Poor - CGAP), Javier Fernández Cueto (Banco Compartamos, Mexico) 

The Independent Evaluation Group brings together evaluators, financiers, practitioners, and a microfinance bank to talk about micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs) in the developing world. MSMEs constitute the bulk of the private sector in most developing countries and can contribute significantly to economic growth, employment creation, and poverty reduction. However, limited access to finance has often constrained their development, particularly in frontier countries (high-risk or low-income). Supporting the MSMEs through financial intermediaries in these countries has been a strategic priority for  IFC, and the current IEG study examines the effectiveness of these strategies during the period of 1994- 2006. For more information, please visit:


10:30 - 12:00
MC C1-200









Project-Level Development Impact Reporting and Grievance Mechanisms: 2008 Advisory Work by the Compliance Advisor/Ombudsman (CAO)

Compliance Advisor/Ombudsman (CAO)

PanelMeg Taylor (Vice-President and CAO); Amar Inamdar (Principal Specialist, Ombudsman); and Henrik Linders (Senior Specialist, Compliance)

This session covered two Advisory Notes being prepared by the CAO Office.  First, the Project-Level Development Impact Reporting:The CAO has advocated consistently for enhanced local-level transparency and reporting as an opportunity for mitigating corporate-community disputes. CAO's upcoming Advisory Note explores the challenges to project-level reporting in private sector operations, recommendations for overcoming these challenges, and how reporting can be most meaningful to project-affected communities. Second, the Grievance Mechanisms for Large, Complex Development Projects :CAO's Advisory Note addresses the challenges faced by client companies in designing and implementing effective grievance procedures. The report discusses how grievance mechanisms can be operationalized and, more broadly, acts as a good-practice guide for clients and communities in developing systemic approaches to resolving disputes. Staff also provided a brief update on the status of current CAO complaints.

List of Participants 

11:00 - 12:30
MC C1-100














Macroeconomic and Fiscal Consequences of Climate Change and Policies to Address It

Sponsor: International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Speakers: Michael Keen (Advisor, IMF Fiscal Affairs Department) and Natalia Tamirisa (Deputy Division Chief, IMF Research Department), Moderator: Erich Vogt (Senior Multilateral Policy Advisor, International Union for the Conservation of Nature - IUCN)

Two recent IMF studies examine macroeconomic and fiscal consequences of climate change and policies to address it. Putting a price on emissions of greenhouse gases that drive climate change would affect countries’ economic growth, saving/investment, capital flows, exchange rates and fiscal balances. Over the long term, carbon pricing should strengthen economic prospects, as it would create incentives for people and businesses to innovate and shift to using more efficient, low-emissions products and technologies. The initial potentially adverse economic consequences of carbon pricing could be minimized if policies are well designed. This session discussed ideas for an environmental policy framework that is long term and credible, yet flexible enough to adjust to emerging information and changing economic conditions, while ensuring an equitable distribution of costs. Creating fiscal space for additional public expenditures on adaptation is a also an important means with which to facilitate smooth adjustment to the impacts of climate change.

Background IMF materials:
PPT Presentation 
Long-Term, Flexible Climate Policies Can Cut Mitigation Costs, by Natalia Tamirisa
Climate Change and the Global Economy
The Fiscal Implications of Climate Change
List of Participants
Summary of Discussion

12:30 - 1:30
IFC building 
Room L-109







Briefing Session on IFC and Extractive Industries

Sponsor: International Finance Corporation (IFC)

PanelSomit Varma, (IFC/WB Director for Oil, Gas, Mining, and Chemicals), others TBD

The IFC/World Bank Oil, Gas, Mining, and Chemicals Department finances select extractive industry projects around the world to fight poverty and facilitate access to energy.  It actively works with companies to adhere to the IFC's stringent performance standards.  This process is complex and requires addressing numerous institutional, social, and environmental issues.  The Department welcomes the interest of CSOs in monitoring the implementation of these projects and is hosting this session to maintain an ongoing dialogue on these projects, as well as listen to broader policy ideas civil society may have.


12:30 - 2:00 
MC C1-200











Reviewing the Bank's Civil Society Engagement and Consultation Approaches

Sponsor:  World Bank

Panel: Edith Grace Ssempala (Director, International Affairs Department), Jeff Thindwa (Civil Society Team), Edith Wilson (External Affairs)

This session discussed two review processes currently underway related to the World Bank Group’s civil society engagement and consultation policies. Relations between the Bank and civil society has improved considerably over the past two decades and are today characterized by ongoing policy dialogue and growing levels of programmatic collaboration in such areas as primary education, HIV/AIDS prevention, and environmental protection. Nonetheless, there is continued disagreement on a number of policy issues (i.e. loan conditionalities, extractive industries) and procedural impediments for scaling-up operational relations at the country level. The other area under review is the Bank’s approaches to consultations on its research, policies, and programs. Mr. Zoellick has approved a review of how these consultations are carried out in order to determine how they can be even more useful and effective in future. There are also issues of the best use of time and resources, both for the Bank Group and for the stakeholders who participate.  Participants were asked to provide their views and inputs on these two issues.

List of Participants
Summary of Discussion

More information and online survey

1:00 - 2:30 
MC C1-100











The Right to Development in a Climate Constrained World? A Presentation of the Greenhouse Development Rights Framework

Sponsor:  Heinrich Böll Foundation North America

PanelTom Athanasiou (EcoEquity), Amar Bhattacharya (G 24 Secretariat), Kseniya Lvovsky (World Bank) , Liane Schalatek (Heinrich Boell Foundation North America - Moderator)

Climate change presents the international community with a true emergency; but thus far its response has been profoundly inadequate.  In fact, its past time to recognize that the international policy response by nation states and international organizations is at an impasse arising from a simultaneous climate crisis and development crisis. International organizations, including the World Bank, will need to tackle this double crisis more effectively, if global climate mitigation and adaptation efforts as well as developmental equity efforts are to be successfully achieved.  This discussion presented the Greenhouse Development Rights Framework developed by EcoEquity and the Stockholm Environment Institute and supported by the Heinrich Böll Stiftung and Christian Aid as a climate protection framework designed to break the impasse by expanding the climate protection agenda while safeguarding the right to a dignified level of sustainable human development.  The initial presentation of the framework was followed by comments from developing country representatives and climate/development experts at the World Bank.

List of Participants

2:30 - 3:30 
IFC building 
Room L-101




A Dialogue with Lars Thunell, Executive Vice President and CEO, IFC

Sponsor:  International Finance Corporation (IFC)

This session was hosted by IFC's Executive Vice President and CEO Lars Thunell and  focused on providing CSOs with an update on the latest developments at IFC as well as offering an opportunity for discussion and Q&As. IFC is a member of the World Bank Group and fosters sustainable economic growth in developing countries by financing private sector investment, mobilizing private capital in local and international financial markets, and providing advisory and risk mitigation services to businesses and governments.


3:30 - 6:45




Ways to Bridge Gender Gaps

  World Bank

This session, hosted by the Bank's Gender Team discussed two policy approaches to promote women's economic empowerment: a) economic empowerment of adolescent girls by using demand-side incentives such as conditional cash transfers; and (b) promoting women's entrepreneurship by reducing regulatory and legal constraints to doing business. Several development ministers joined Bank Group President Robert B. Zoellick, Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, Managing Director, and Danny Leipziger, Vice President and Head of Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Network, on the session panels.


4:00 - 6:00
IFC building
room L-101













World Bank Group Climate Change Strategic Framework

Sponsor: World Bank Group

PanelWarren Evans (Environment Department, World Bank), Rachel Kyte (Business Advisory Services, IFC), Steen Jorgensen (Social Development, World Bank), Erich Vogt (International Union for the Conservation of Nature - IUCN), Bruce Jenkins (Bank Information Center - Moderator)

Climate change is central to the development and poverty reduction agenda, therefore central to the mission of the World Bank Group. Coping with a warmer and more volatile climate will impose a heavy burden on developing countries, and particularly on the poor.  The World Bank Group is developing a Strategic Framework on Climate Change and Development which will articulate the Bank Group’s vision on how to integrate climate change and development challenges without compromising growth and poverty reduction efforts. This framework will guide its global efforts as well as country operations, including policy dialogue, lending, and analytical work.

Over the next couple of months, the Bank Group will consult with representatives from governments, donor agencies, civil society, parliaments, private sector, academia and other stakeholders, and seek feedback on the SFCCD concept paper. This session at the CSO Forum was an opportunity for the Bank Group to present the overall concept and outline of the paper, and to present its thinking on how the consultation process can be as inclusive as possible. The session allowed us to hear the initial views of CSOs on the concept and issues paper and to gather suggestions and ideas for how to ensure an effective and participatory consultation process.

SFCCD Concept Paper     Consultations website



Saturday, April 12

10:30- 12:00
MC C1-200








How to Strengthen Extractive Industry Revenue Transparency in World Bank Group and IMF Operations

Sponsors: Bank Information Center (BIC) and Global Witness

Panel: Heike Mainhardt-Gibbs (Bank Information Center), Corinna Gilfillan (Global Witness), Philip Daniel (IMF Fiscal Affairs Department), Clive Armstrong (International Finance Corporation)

This meeting involved an open discussion between CSOs and the World Bank Group & IMF staff regarding ways to strengthen the implementation of extractive industry revenue, licensing and contract transparency.  The Bank Information Center and Global Witness presented their assessment of how the World Bank and IMF are implementing transparency of revenues, licensing procedures and contracts in the extractive industries for 15 resource-rich countries. The emphasis of the meeting was two-fold: 1) ensuring that World Bank and IMF operations consistently involve requirements and concrete activities for EI revenue, licensing and contract transparency implementation; and 2) ensuring meaningful civil society/stakeholder participation in the revenue transparency process.

List of Participants

12:30 - 2:00
MC C1-100







The IMF's Sub-Saharan Africa Regional Economic Outlook: Coping with Food Price Hikes

Sponsor: International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Speaker: Andrew Berg, Paulo Drummond (IMF African Department)

This session included a presentation of the main conclusions from the IMF's Sub-Saharan Regional Economic Outlook (REO) and the risks to the outlook. IMF staff  offered insight into the social implications of the recent surges in food and oil prices for the region and how these shocks could be mitigated.

Background material
Regional Economic Outlook: Sub-Saharan Africa
PPT presentation

1:30 -3:00
MC C1-200











Discussion on the role of Civil Society in Global Health: Understanding the Changing Architecture and New Initiatives

Sponsor:  World Bank, Treatment Action Group (TAG), and Oxfam International

Speakers: Julian Schweitzer, Sector Director, HDNHE; Sue Perez, Federal Policy Director, TAG; Max Lawson, Senior Policy Advisor, Oxfam

The Bank’s Health, Nutrition, and Population Unit launched a new strategy in 2007 aimed at renewing bank focus on HNP results, strengthening health systems (particularly in Low Income Countries), promoting a multisectoral approach, and increasing selectivity. Related to this new strategy is the International Health Partnership (IHP+) initiative which the Bank is coordinating jointly with the World Health Organization (WHO), and also includes UN agencies, bilateral donors, foundations, CSOs, private companies. The IHP+ was launched in London in September 2007 with four main objectives consistent with the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness: (1) developing results-focused, country-led compacts that improve harmonization and mutual accountability; (2) generating and disseminating relevant knowledge, guidance and tools; (3) enhancing coordination and efficiency at country, regional and global levels; and (4) ensuring mutual accountability and monitoring of performance. In order to achieve these results, it is key that all relevant development actors be engaged in this effort, particularly CSOs who have access to and knowledge of the poorest and most vulnerable. The objective of this roundtable was to present the IHP+ initiative and discuss how best civil society can be engaged in the process.

List of Participants

3:00 - 4:30
World Bank "I" building
room I 1-200
(1850 I Street, NW)







The Work of the Development Committee and the Challenge of Advancing the Climate Change Agenda

  Friedrich Ebert Foundation

Panel: Heidemarie Wieczorek-Zeul (Federal Minister for Economic Cooperation and Development, Germany), Christopher Flavin (President, World Watch Institute), Jürgen Stetten (Director, Friedrich Ebert Foundation New York - Chair)

As in previous years, the Friedrich Ebert Foundation (FES) facilitated a discussion for NGO representatives with the German Minister for Economic Cooperation and Development to discuss issues on the World Bank Development Committee agenda.  The central topic in the discussion was the World Bank´s increasing role in mitigating climate change in developing countries. The overarching goal remains to reach agreement on a comprehensive and ambitious international post-2012 climate regime by the end of 2009 at the UN climate conference in Copenhagen. Given the principle of ‘common but differentiated responsibilities’ embodied in the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) and the Kyoto Protocol, we will discuss existing and emerging financing mechanisms for transformational climate action expected to provide additional resources to combat climate change.


3:30 - 5:00
MC C1-100










The Influx of Capital Flows to Low-Income Countries:  Challenges and Opportunities

 International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Speakers: Tom Dorsey (IMF Policy Development and Review Department), and John Wakeman-Lynn (IMF African Department)

Many sub-Saharan African countries have experienced substantial private capital inflows by foreign investors, including portfolio inflows to domestic currency denominated debt instruments, in recent years. Indeed, in recent years, private capital inflows to sub-Saharan African countries have exceeded aid inflows. These capital inflows have been in part motivated by improved political and macroeconomic stability in sub-Saharan African countries as well as future economic prospects supported by high commodity prices and increasing commodity exports. However, policy responses to capital inflows have varied across countries and have often been responses to specific circumstances rather than based on a clear strategy. This presentation reviewed the trends in and factors causing these capital inflows, and discussed how African countries have responded, and should respond in the future, to large capital inflows.

Background material
PPT Presentation
The Landscape of Capital Flows to Low-Income Countries
Regional Economic Outlook: Sub-Saharan Africa - Chapter III: Private Capital Flows to Sub-Saharan Africa: Financial Globalization's Final Frontier?

3:30 - 5:00
MC1- 200









Corruption as a Barrier to Achieving the MDGs: Lessons from The World Bank’s India Detailed Implementation Review (DIR)

Sponsor:  Transparency International USA

Panel:  John Zutt (Department of Institutional Integrity, World Bank), John Roome (South Asia Region, World Bank), Aneta Wierzynska (Transparency International-USA)

Reducing fraud and corruption in development programs is critical to achieving the Millennium Development Goals. It will help ensure that scarce financial resources reach their intended beneficiaries. This session examined the harmful impact of corruption on development outcomes based on a recent World Bank Detailed Implementation Review (DIR) of five Bank health projects in India. It explored the Bank’s response to this study, which includes strengthening project design, supervision, and evaluation systems; increasing access to information and external oversight; and integrating emerging best practices into the Bank’s Governance and Anticorruption (GAC) Strategy. The session also examined how this study impacts external stakeholders (end-users, civil society, and the private sector) and explored what role the stakeholders can play to advance the integrity of development work (civil society engages in “demand-side” work such as project monitoring, companies adopt anti-corruption codes and compliance programs).

List of Participants

Summary of Discussion


Sunday, April 13

No sessions were held on Sunday.

More Information:
2008 Spring Meetings - Summary of events
2008 Spring Meetings - General Information 
Annual and Spring Meetings

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