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2008 Annual Meetings-Civil Society Policy Forum

Available in: Français, العربية, Español

Civil Society Policy Forum
Washington, DC
October 9 - 13, 2008

The Civil Society Policy Forum was held from Thursday, October 9 to Monday, October 13, during the Annual Meetings of the World Bank Group and International Monetary Fund.  It was organized by the World Bank Group and International Monetary Fund Civil Society Teams.  The Forum brought together Bank and Fund staff, CSO representatives, government officials, and others to exchange views on a variety of topics ranging from climate change and governance to the food crisis.   It also included a Townhall Meeting and Reception with Bank President Robert Zoellick and Fund Managing Director Dominique Strauss-Kahn and a meeting with IFC Executive Vice President and CEO, Lars Thunell.

We have begun to add short summaries, participants lists, photos, and power point presentations to many of the sessions.  Please check back frequently as we will be adding additonal materials in the coming weeks.

WednesdayThursday      Friday  Saturday

    Sunday

    Monday


Pre-Civil Society Forum Events

Tuesday, October 7

10:00 am - 1:00pm
World Bank J Bldg
701 18th St. NW
B1 Level, Rm 80
J B1-080

Is the Concept of Odious Debt Legally and Politically Viable?

Sponsor: EED - Church Development Service

Panelists: Prof. August Reinisch (University of Vienna), Michael Hofmann (German Executive Director of the World Bank), Dr. Edith Rasell (United Council of Churches), Neil Watkins (Jubilee USA), Doerte Doemeland (World Bank PREM Network), and Maurizio Ragazzi (World Bank Legal Deparment)

Is the doctrine of odious debt legally unclear and a politically unattainable? Professor August Reinisch, of Vienna University, argues that there is legal precedence in international law for recognizing and adjudicating odious debt. In this light, he believes that German government claims against Indonesia may well be illegitimate.

Photos

Wednesday, October 8

October 8 - October 10
World Bank MC Bldg
5th Floor, Rm 100
MC 5 - 100

Youth@Annual Meetings 2008: Partners in Development

Sponsors:
The World Bank, Friends of Africa International, The Global Partnership for Youth Investment (World Bank / ImagineNations Group).

Youth@Annual Meetings 2008 was a first attempt by the World Bank to create a conducive space for youth within the Annual Meetings Civil Society Forum. As this was a pilot program, a group of 18 youth leaders, representing 14 nations from the Bank’s Youth for Development and Peace networks and Youth Advisory Groups, in addition to some local youth activists and NGO leaders, were invited to participate in this event. Participants were involved in a series of plenary sessions covering the themes of youth citizenship and school-to-work transition interspersed with breakout sessions allowing youth leaders to share ideas, network and dialogue with one another, Bank staff and CSO leaders. The event culminated in the drafting of a central workplan offering participants and the World Bank viable options for future collaboration and coordination.

More information and an agenda can be found here.

YouthLink Story
Photos

 9:30 - 12:30 pm
Friends of the Earth-USA
1717 Massachusetts Avenue Suite 600

Workshop on the World Bank Group's Track Record with Involuntary Resettlement

Sponsor:  Bank Information Center (BIC), International Network on Displacement and Resettlement, International Accountability Project (IAP)

PanelistsMichael Cernea (World Bank - retired), Jen Kalafut and Joanna Levitt (IAP)

This panel discussed the WBG's track record in involuntary resettlement at the project and policy levels, looking at examples from recent inspection panel cases. They discussed current and best practice vis-a-vis meaningful consultation & participation, grievance mechanisms, benefit sharing arrangements, minimizing impoverishment, etc and guided participants in how to review a resettlement action plan. The purpose of the workshop is to equip NGOs with basic technical knowledge so they can better support affected persons as they deal with IFI or national involuntary resettlement.

Please RSVP to: Sanval Nasim: snasim@bicusa.org or call 202 737-7752 ext. 101

12:30 - 1:30 pm
MC 4-800

Launch of The Gender in Agriculture Sourcebook

With soaring food prices highlighting the criticality of increased agricultural investment, The Gender in Agriculture Sourcebook has been called a “timely and extremely important document,” and recommended for its “sound analysis and advice on how to ensure that land administration programs can strengthen women’s property rights.” Please join us for the launch of the Sourcebook, and a discussion on how FAO, IFAD, and the World Bank will apply the principles set forth in the Sourcebook to agricultural operations of their institutions.

Please RSVP to Sarian Akibo-Betts:  sakibobetts@worldbank.org

2:00 pm -  5:30 pm
MC C1-100

 

 

Orientation Session for CSOs on World Bank Group and IMF

Sponsors: International Monetary Fund, World Bank Group, World Learning

Speakers:   Aaron Rosenberg (IFC) ,  Jeremy Mark (IMF), John Garrison (WB), Judith Pearce (MIGA), Warren Nyamugasira (African Monitor), Mishka Zaman (Bank Information Center)

This session focused on the IMF and World Bank Group (IBRD, IFC, MIGA) and their history, organizational structure, major policies, and operational work. Participants also had a chance to hear from CSO policy advocates who commented on the presentations in order to help frame the ensuing discussion. This training was co-sponsored with World Learning.

Summary
Photos
Participants
Rosenberg Presentation
Garrison Presentation
Pearce Presentation 

Civil Society Forum Events

  Thursday, October 9

9:00 - 9:30 am
MC C1-100

 

 

Welcome Breakfast and Introduction to the Civil Society Forum and Annual Meetings

Sponsors: International Monetary Fund, World Bank

Staff from the Civil Society Teams at the IMF and WBG welcomed CSO participants to the Annual Meetings, presented the schedule of the Civil Society Policy Forum, and discussed the policy agenda for the Annual Meetings.

9:30 - 11:00 am
MC C1-100

Aid-Scaling up Scenarios: The IMF and the UN MDG Africa Steering Group

Sponsor:
International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Speakers: Calvin McDonald (IMF), and Brett House (UNDP)

The UN Secretary General launched the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) Africa Steering and Working Groups in September 2007 in order to  bring the leaders of multilateral institutions together to identify practical steps to help Africa achieve the MDGs.  The IMF is supporting this initiative by providing macroeconomic assessments of “Gleneagles aid scaling-up scenarios” in 10 country cases (Benin, Central African Republic, Ghana, Liberia, Niger, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Togo, and Zambia).  The leaders of the G-8 committed to double aid to Africa by 2010 at Gleneagles, Scotland, in 2005.  This session discussed the preparation of these aid-scaling up scenarios.

Photos
Participants
McDonald and House Joint Presentation
Website: The Challenges of Scaling Up Aid
Paper: The Macroeconomics of Scaling-up Aid -The Case of Benin, Niger, and Togo

9:30 - 11:00 am
MC C1-200

Local Development Impact Reporting:  Improving IFC and MIGA's Reporting at the Project Level

Sponsor:  Compliance Advisor-Ombudsman (CAO)

Speakers:   Meg Taylor, Amar Inamdar, Julia Gallu (CAO)

This CAO session examined how awareness of, and access to, local development benefits at the project level are key ingredients to improved corporate-community relations.  It draws on lessons learned from the CAO’s experience in handling complaints about private sector projects supported by IFC and MIGA, and explores possibilities for preventing conflict by identifying stakeholder concerns early in project development, and reporting thoroughly on risks and benefits. The discussion was based on CAO's “Advisory Note on Local Development Impact Reporting”, published in June 2008.  This note provides advice for IFC/MIGA and project sponsors on opportunities for generating local support for company activities, resolving conflicts before they escalate, and strengthening project performance and local development impacts.

Photos
Participants
Taylor, Inamdar, and Gallu Joint Presentation

10:30 - 11:30 am
IFC Building 
2121 Penn. Ave
Room L-101

Policy Brief:  IFC's Agribusiness Strategy

Sponsor:
International Finance Corporation (IFC)

A conversation with Vipul Prakash, Senior Manager of IFC's Agribusiness Department. This session  focused on IFC's work in agribusiness, including an open Q&A session.  

11:30 - 1:00 pm
MC C1-100

How the World Bank Group Gauges "Broad Community Support" for Projects

Sponsors:  Oxfam America, Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL), World Resources Institute (WRI)

Panelists:   Robert Chase (World Bank),   Motoko Aizawa (IFC),  Amar Inamdar (CAO) and Keith Slack (Oxfam America)

The World Bank and IFC require clients to obtain "broad community support" before beginning high impact projects. This panel examined the practical experiences and challenges of implementing broad community support in a selection of WBG projects: How does the WBG document and decide whether a client has obtained broad community support? What strategies have clients used to obtain broad community support? In what ways is the policy of broad community support consistent or inconsistent with international law?

Photos
Aizawa Presentation

11:30 - 1:00 pm
MC C1-200

Can "the other Doha" deliver a pro-development agenda? Examining the issues at stake in the upcoming Doha International Conference on Financing for Development

Sponsors: Oxfam International, New Rules for Global Finance

Speakers: Sasja Bokkerink (Oxfam Novib), Jo Marie Griesgraber (New Rules for Global Finance Coalition), Lidy Nacpil (Jubilee South), Jeffrey Lewis (World Bank), Moderator: John Ruthrauff (InterAction)

World leaders came together to assess progress and recommit themselves to the Monterrey Consensus at the Doha Conference on November 29 - December 2.  The Monterrey Consensus is a set of principles and commitments for generating development finance in order to meet the Millennium Development Goals and stimulate sustainable development.  However, it is not clear whether the strength of the original consensus – agreed 6 years ago – will be upheld, and whether sufficient international agreement will be reached to adequately address the difficult new development challenges that are emerging.  Participants joined a discussion on the key issues at stake, whether a consensual CSO position has emerged around Monterrey/Doha themes, and the role of the World Bank in this process.

Photos

12:00 - 1:30 pm
IFC Building 
2121 Penn. Ave
Room L-101

IFC's Africa Strategy:  Lunch with Thierry Thanoh

Sponsor:
International Finance Corporation (IFC)

A briefing and Q&A lunch session with Thierry Thanoh, Vice President, Sub-Saharan Africa. This session focused on growth, strategy, and developmental impact, including IFC's response to the global financial crisis in Africa.

12:30 - 1:30 pm
IFC Building 
2121 Penn. Ave 
Room L-108

IFC's Energy and Climate Change Approach:  Lunch with Rashad Kaldany

Sponsor: International Finance Corporation (IFC)

A briefing and Q&A lunch session with Rashad Kaldany, Vice President, Infrastructure. This session focused on IFC's energy and climate change approach, including open Q&A

2:00 - 5:30 pm
IMF HQ1
Level 1R, Rm 710

Mitigating the Impacts of the Global Food Crisis on Poor People: Analyses, Experiences and Perspectives of CSOs, IMF, and WBG

Sponsors: InterAction, International Monetary Fund, World Bank Group

Panelists:  Sam Worthington (InterAction) and Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala (World Bank) – Co-Chairs, P. Chengal Reddy (Consortium of Indian Farmers Associations), German Escobar  (RIMISP), Victor Mhoni  (Malawi Civil Society Agriculture Network),  Bhumika Muchhala ( Bank Information Center),  Patricia Alonso-Gamo (IMF), and Mona Sur (World Bank)

With some 100 million people being pushed into poverty by rising food and fuel prices, the global financial crisis threatens to plunge millions more into malnutrition and poverty, while the doubling of food prices over 3 years could set back the fight against poverty by 7 years. Civil Society Organizations are a critical part of the global response to this crisis, complementing the actions of governments and global institutions such as UN agencies, World Bank Group and IMF. This two-part workshop heard reports and analyses - from national and international CSOs, the WBG and IMF- on the impacts of the food crisis on poor people, and engaged participants in critically examining policy and operational issues, and the response measures being implemented.

Summary
Photos

2:00 - 3:30 pm
MC C1-100

 

 

IFI Transparency and the Global Transparency Initiative Charter

Sponsors: Bank Information Center (BIC), Global Transparency Intiative (GTI)

Panelists: Toby McIntosh (Freedominfo.org), Bruce Jenkins (BIC), Bhumika Muchhala (BIC)

Civil society groups have long advocated for greater transparency at the IFIs. The World Bank and the IMF will soon be revising their access to information policies, providing major opportunities to advance the transparency agenda. The Global Transparency Initiative has developed a “Transparency Charter for International Financial Institutions” and has worked with groups to strengthen access to information regimes at several IFIs. The session reviewed the principles of the GTI Charter and discussed the upcoming World Bank and IMF reviews.

Photos

 

2:00 - 3:00 pm
IFC Building
2121 Penn. Ave
Room L-101

Policy Brief:  IFC's Water and Sanitation Strategy

Sponsor: International Finance Corporation (IFC)

A conversation with Usha Rao-Monari, Senior Manager, Utilities Department. This session focused on the development of IFC's water strategy and the role of the private sector and public-private partnerships in providing access to clean water and sanitation in the developing world, including open Q&A. 

 4:00 - 5:30 pm
MC C1-100

Community-led Accountability in Development Efforts - Practices and Experiences

Sponsor:  Inspection Panel

Panelists:   Leonardo Crippa (Indian Law Center), Roberto Lenton/Peter Lallas (Inspection Panel), Robert Chase (World Bank), Felix Camarasa (WB Executive Director), Moderator: Werner Kiene (Inspection Panel)

The Inspection Panel is an independent accountability mechanism that is triggered by citizens and communities, rather than through “top-down” initiatives. Community-led development has a long history of being a cornerstone of successful development.  In recent years, important steps have been taken to strengthen the role of communities in enhancing the accountability of organizations and implementing agencies engaged in the various facets of development. There is an increasing recognition that these efforts have an important impact on development effectiveness and merit increasing attention and support.  The purpose of this session was to promote a discussion on the various experiences and approaches of ensuring that “voice” is given to people affected by internationally-financed projects, programs and policies, and to consider opportunities and challenges in this work going forward.
 

 5:00 - 6:45 pm
Preston Lounge

Political Cafe:  Testing the Water: How can the Right to Water and Sanitation Enhance the World Bank’s Policy and Practice in the Sector?

Sponsors: Both Ends, Freshwater Action Network (FAN), Center on Housing Rights and Evictions (CHRE)

Panelists: Herman Wijffels (Dutch Executive Director to the World Bank), Hameda Deedat (Umzabalaso We Jubilee), Jamal Saqhir (World Bank), Moderator: Phil Hay (World Bank)

The World Bank’s policies, programs and projects have never been explicitly or deliberately aimed towards the realization of human rights. Rather, the Bank sees its role in creating conditions that allow the attainment of the right to water and sanitation in developing countries. However, in practice the formal use of human rights principles can strengthen existing approaches to water supply and sanitation delivery. There are many good reasons for the World Bank to include the right to water and sanitation in an overall package aimed at increasing access to these essential services. This 'political cafe'  promoted a debate and discussion on these issues. 

Photos
Summary Report

 6:45 - 9:00 pm
 IMF HQ1
Meeting Hall A&B

 

 

Civil Society Townhall Meeting and Reception

Sponsors:  International Monetary Fund, World Bank

Panelists:  Dominique Strauss-Kahn (Managing Director of the IMF) and Robert B. Zoellick (President of the WBG), Moderator: Ingrid Srinath (Secretary General of CIVICUS)

Mssrs. Strauss-Kahn and Zoellick  hosted this townhall and reception for CSO representatives accredited to the Annual Meetings.  The townhall began with brief comments by Messrs. Strauss-Kahn and Zoellick followed by a question and answer period. 

Summary
Photos
Video
Transcript

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Friday, October 10

 9:00 - 10:30 am
 MC C1-200

 

 

 

Chad – Cameroon Oil & Pipeline Project: What Went Wrong and Where do We go from Here?

Sponsors: Environmental Defense Fund (EDF), World Bank Group

Panelists:   Korinna Horta (EDF),  Obiageli Ezekwesili (World Bank), Michel Wormser (World Bank), Samuel Nguiffo  (Center for Environment and Development in Cameroon), Delphine Djiraibe (Association for the Promotion and Defense of Human Rights in Chad), Gilbert Maoundondji (GRAMPT Chad), Honore Ndoumbe (Forcarfe Cameroon), Ian Gary (Oxfam America)

This session examined the underlying reasons which led the Bank to terminate the Chad - Cameroon Pipeline project and what lessons were drawn from this experience for other extractive industry projects worldwide.  It also discussed next steps in Chad, as the Bank is committed to continue providing support for poverty reduction efforts in that country.

Summary
Photos
Participants

 10:00 - 11:00am
1800 G Street NW
12th Floor, Rm 400

MIGA Open House for CSOs

Sponsor:
Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA)

MIGA held an open house for Civil Society Organizations accredited to the Annual Meetings. Participants met with representatives from MIGA's Senior Management team to discuss the agency's projects or policy issues.

For more information, contact Judith Pearce, jpearce@worldbank.org.

Please RSVP to Maria Cristina Villareal, mvillarreal@worldbank.org, tel. 202 473 8534

 11:00 - 12:30 pm
MC C1-100

Youth Employment:  Challenges and Opportunities

Sponsor:  Education for Employment Foundation

Panelists:  Laura Abrahams Schulz (U.S. Department of State), John Blomquist (World Bank), Branka Minic (Manpower), Michael Hager (EFE), Moderator: Salvatore Nigro (EFE)

According to the ILO, youth unemployment in the Middle East region is alarming at 25.6 percent, the highest in the world. A primary role of global actors, whether private, public or non-profit in nature, is to support specific projects with financial and technical resources to supplement local actors’ limited resources while respecting their aims, strategies, and frameworks for action. For leading companies worldwide addressing the youth bulge in such places as Morocco, West Bank/Gaza, Egypt, Jordan and Yemen presents a two-for-one opportunity:  corporate Social Responsibility and more cost-effective personnel recruitment.  This will be an interactive session, beginning with the  showing a PBS video: Jobs for Jordan, and then discuss different models and experiences  of investing in youth employment programs worldwide.

Photos

 9:00 am - 5:00 pm
IFC Auditorium 
2121 Penn. Ave

Program of Seminars:  High Food and Fuel Prices

Sponsors: International Monetary Fund, World Bank Group

Panelists: Government Ministers; World Bank, IMF and Donor Agency Officials; Business Leaders; Civil Society Leaders; and Academics

The Program of Seminars creates a forum during the Annual Meetings for private sector representatives, government officials, representatives of civil society, experts, and senior World Bank Group and International Monetary Fund officials to engage in dialogue on finding solutions to the major financial and development challenges confronting the international community.  The 2008 Program of Seminars focused on the two concurrent global crisis of high food and fuel prices and what impact they had on prospects for continued economic growth and poverty reduction efforts worldwide.  For information on the plenary and breakout sessions, click here.

 11:00 - 12:30 pm
CIEL
1367 Connecticut Ave. NW

Annual Briefing and Discussion with the Inspection Panel

Sponsors:  Bank Information Center (BIC), Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL)

Speakers: Werner Kiene (IPN), Colleagues from the Inspection Panel and its Secretariat.

Annual meeting between the World Bank Inspection Panel and CSO representatives.This is a session held each year between the World Bank's Inspection Panel, one of the main complaint mechanisms at the Bank, and civil society representatives. It was a chance for CSOs to get an update on IP mandates, structure and investigations.

 11:00 - 12:30 pm
MC C1-100

Sub-Saharan Africa Regional Economic Outlook in the Face of Food Crises and Global Economic Turmoil

Sponsor:
International Monetary Fund

Speakers: Andrew Berg, Hans Weisfeld, and Paulo Drummond (IMF)

How is Sub-Saharan Africa faring in the face of higher food and oil prices and global economic turmoil? Prepared by the Regional Studies Division of the IMF African Department, and published twice a year in English and French, Regional Economic Outlook: Sub-Saharan Africa analyzes economic performance and short-term prospects of the 44 countries covered by the Department. The Outlook also provides in-depth analysis of selected topics. This time, the topic was Africa's remarkable growth takeoff since the mid-1990s.

Photos
Weisfeld Presentation
Berg and Drummond Presentation

11:00am - 4:30pm
MC 13-121

The Adolescent Girls Initiative Launch

Sponsors:  World Bank, The Nike Foundation

Speakers:  Robert Zoellick (World Bank Group President), Ellen Johnson Sirleaf (President of Liberia), Michael Spence (Nobel Laureate), Mark Parker (Nike CEO), Peter Sands (Standard Chartered CEO), Letizia Moratti (Mayor of Milan), Ngozi Okonjo Iweala (World Bank Group Managing Director)

The Adolescent Girls Initiative is a public-private partnership to economically empower adolescent girls and young women. Participants joined the launch of this initiative and engaged an expert roundtable on the benefits of investing in adolescent girls, where it has worked and why countries are adopting this development path.

 1:30 - 3:30 pm
MC C1-100

Implementation of the World Bank's Governance and Anticorruption Strategy:  Year 1 Progress Report

Sponsor: Transparency International

Panel I:  How has the Bank changed internal policies and procedures to address corruption?

Panelists: Brian Levy (WB/PREM), Jeff Gutman (WB/OPCS), Lee Marler (WB/INT), Oliver Buston (ONE), Moderator: Nancy Boswell (TI/US)

Panel II:  How is the Bank encouraging partner governments to address governance and anti-corruption?

Panelists:   Anupama Jha (TI / India), Robert Chase (WB / SDN), John Roome (WB / SAR), Colin Bruce (WB / AFR), Moderator: Christian Poortman (TI / International)

In 2007, the World Bank launched a Governance and Anticorruption (GAC) Strategy and Implementation Plan.  Soon thereafter, an independent Panel headed by Paul Volcker issued, and the Bank accepted, recommendations to strengthen the Bank’s “framework of prevention, detection, investigation, and remediation” of corruption found in Bank-funded projects.  In early 2008, the Bank’s investigative unit issued a report (India DIR) detailing systemic Bank failures to address corruption and  the resulting project shortcomings, which prompted a Joint Action Plan of reforms  from the Bank and India.  This panel provided an opportunity for the Bank and civil society to assess progress on these developments, and to identify next steps for Year 2 of GAC implementation.

Photos
Levy Presentation
Chase Presentation

 1:30 - 3:00 pm
MC C1-200

Reducing Income Inequality:  Trade Unions Role and Views of the World Bank

Sponsor:  International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC)

Panelists: Ishaque Otoo (Trade Union Congress of Ghana), Ariel Castro (Trade Union Congress of the Philippines), Ron Blackwell (AFL-CIO), Pierella Paci (World Bank)

Relations between the World Bank and trade unions in developing countries have varied from highly confrontational to a mutual recognition that unions can play an important role in combating poverty and inequality. Three speakers explained the unions' work in raising the living standards of low-income people and reducing inequality in different contexts and a World Bank labor economist discussed the issue.

Photos
Otoo Presentation
Castro Presentation

 3:00 - 6:00 pm
10th Floor World Bank MC Building
Room MC10-507

Inspection Panel Open House

During three hours you will be welcomed by Werner Kiene, Chairman, and other Panel Members and colleagues from the Panel Secretariat.   You will have the opportunity to learn about this pioneering accountability mechanism and understand how it operates.  Come share your experiences working with the Panel at the country level and also hear stories and anecdotes about the Panel operations from some of its most experienced staff.

Refreshments will be served.

 3:00 - 4:30 pm
  IFC Building 
2121 Penn. Ave
Room L-109

A Dialogue with Lars Thunell, Executive Vice President and CEO, IFC

Sponsor:  International Finance Corporation

Lars Thunell, CEO and Executive Vice President, IFC discussed IFC's development impact, how the organization fosters sustainable economic and private sector growth in developing countries, and opportunities and challenges from the food, fuel, and financial crises.  This session was an opportunity for civil society organizations to interact directly with Mr. Thunell and other senior IFC staff in open dialogue and Q&A. 

 4:00 - 5:30 pm
MC C1-100

High Quality Aid Post-Accra:  Comparing Different Donors

Sponsor:  Oxfam International

Panelists: Sasja Bokkerink (Oxfam International), Paul O'Brien (Oxfam America), Kyle Peters (World Bank), Moderator: Merrell Tuck-Primdahl (World Bank)

To enable poor country governments to achieve the MDGs and to guarantee basic rights for all, rich countries should not just give more aid but also better aid. At the High Level Forum in Accra in September this year, donors committed to further improve the quality of their lending. Oxfam believes that for aid to be more effective it should be: long term and predictable; given directly to governments to help them finance long term plans to fight poverty; and tied to mutually agreed poverty reduction outcomes rather than to economic policy conditions. The European Commission will put these principles into practice through its ground-breaking MDG contracts. This seminar will look at what the World Bank should do to ensure that it fulfills the Accra mandate.

Photos
Participants

 

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Saturday, October 11

9:00 - 10:30 am
MC C1-100

The PRGF/PSI, Fiscal Space and Financing for Development
A Focus on Africa: Trends, Prospects and Challenges

Sponsor:  African Forum & Network on Debt & Development (AFRODAD)

Panelists: Jan Kees Martijn, and Dan Ghura(IMF), Daniel Plantz (UN FFd) Vitalice Meja (AFRODAD), Moderator: Bhumika Muchhala (Bank Information Centre)

The Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF), which is the IMF’s low-interest lending facility for low-income countries, aims to, among other things, improve the fiscal positions of borrowing countries. The Poverty Support Instrument (PSI) is a non-crediting instrument for countries, who do not not wish to borrow from the IMF financial assistance but seek guidance, including on fiscal management. This panel discussion addressed the trends, prospects and challenges of developing countries using the fiscal plan emanating from the PRGF/PSI for development programmes. It will focus on both policy content and structural reform and the impact of the PRGF/PSI in releasing sufficient resources both domestically and externally-sourced in addressing development needs.

Photos
Participants
Martijn and Ghura Presentation
Meja Presentation

 11:00 - 12:30 pm
MC C1-100

Tools for Managing Corporate-Community Conflict:  Grievance Mechanisms, Participatory Monitoring and Alternative Dispute Resolution

Sponsor: Compliance Advisor-Ombudsman (CAO)

Speakers: Meg Taylor, Amar Inamdar, Henrik Linders, Kate Kopischke, David Atkins (CAO)

In this session, the CAO discussed Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) tools and methodologies it uses in its work to help to resolve corporate-community conflicts around IFC/MIGA projects. Specifically, the discussion provided practical guidance on establishing project-level grievance mechanisms and participatory monitoring programs as powerful tools for dispute resolution.  The speakers  also drew on two CAO Advisory Notes published in 2008:  "A Guide to Designing and Implementing Grievance Mechanisms" and "Participatory Water Monitoring: A Guide for Preventing and Managing Conflict”.  The CAO also provided an update on its current caseload.

Photos
Participants


11:00 - 12:30 pm
MC C1-200

The Spending and Absorption of Aid in PRGF-Supported Programs

Sponsor: International Monetary Fund

Speakers: Jan Kees Martijn and Paolo Dudine (IMF)

The use of aid by low-income countries, and its treatment in programs supported by the IMF, has received much attention in recent years. For example, last year the Independent Evaluation Office of the IMF found some evidence that PRGF-supported programs may limit the full use of aid. A new IMF working paper analyzes this issue using a new database of all such programs during 1999-2007. An important innovation is that the study looks at the use of aid in a multiyear context, as there are strong arguments for smoothing the use of volatile aid inflows over time. IMF staff presented the findings of the paper, followed by a discussion.

Participants
Paper: The Spending and Absorption of Aid in PRGF Supported Programs


12:30 - 2:00 pm
MC C1-200

IEO-CSO Dialogue on Evaluation of IMF's Work on Trade

Sponsors:  Bank Information Center, Center of Concern, International Monetary Fund

Earlier this year, the Independent Evaluation Office of the IMF started an Evaluation of the IMF’s Approach to International Trade Policy Issues.  Participants met with  Susan Schadler (IEO Team Leader) and her team. The meeting was an opportunity for civil society organizations to better understand and engage in the ongoing evaluation and exchange views on it with the evaluating team.

Photos

2:00 - 3:30 pm
MC C1-100

Food Crisis and the Role of the State:  Lessons for the World Bank

Sponsor:  ActionAid International, Oxfam International

Panelists: Aftab Alam (ActionAid International), Victor Mhoni (Civil Society Agriculture Network, Malawi), Carlos Galian (Oxfam International), Steve Suppan (IATP), Christopher Delgado (World Bank), Moderator: Peter O'Driscoll (ActionAid USA )

CSOs have criticized the World Bank for promoting, over the years, a minimalist role for the state in agriculture by advising governments to shut down state marketing boards, dismantle grain reserves, and eliminate subsidies. The presumption - that the private sector would step in to fulfill many of these functions - proved not to be the case, and today's food price crisis is a salutary lesson in what has failed.  Now it is more evident than ever that if such a crisis is not to happen again, the state needs to play an effective role in agriculture. This seminar examined just what the Bank's role has been in the past, what an effective state needs to do to effectively manage agriculture, and what the Bank should do to promote this new vision.

Photos
Participants
Mhoni Presentation
Delgado Presentation


2:00 - 4:00 pm
MC 4 - 100

Navigating the Bank Group's Websites: Finding Project Information, Country Statistics and Reports

Sponsor:
  World Bank Group

Presenter: Ida Mori (World Bank)

This interactive session with the head of the Bank's Information Disclosure Team allowed participants to navigate the World Bank Group's (IBRD, IFC, MIGA) many databases and webpages. Of special focus was the 'projects database' which brings together programmatic, financial, and legal documents for over 4,000 active projects. Participants were also shown how to instantly generate country data sets, map out MDG results by region, and search the extensive on-line library of reports.

Participants were also asked to provide feedback on how to improve visibility and accessibility of information in the websites.

2:30 – 4:00 pm
MC C1-200

Mainstreaming Disability in CSO Programs

Sponsor:
Global Partnership for Disability and Development (GPDD)

Panelists: Venus Ilagan (Rehabilitation International), Maria Reina (GPDD), Charlotte McClain- Nhlapo, Marco Nicoli (World Bank)

This session discussed the challenges and opportunities of mainstreaming disability in programs run by non disability-specialized organizations.  In particular, panelists will examine how one goes about raising awareness of on the “need” and “feasibility” of highlighting the disabilities agenda within these organizations.   This would allow CSOs to reach a large group of beneficiaries that is generally overlooked and therefore excluded from the development agenda. 

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4:30 - 6:00 pm
I Building
1850 I (Eye)Street, NW
Room I-200

Emerging Challenges in Financing for Development

Sponsors:  Friedrich Ebert Foundation (FES) and United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN-DESA)

Speakers:  Almut Wieland-Karimi  (FES) Heidemarie Wieczorek-Zeul (German Government), Jomo Kwame Sundaram (UN-DESA), and Manuel Montes (UN-DESA)

The “Monterrey Consensus on Financing for Development” – in support of the internationally agreed development goals including the MDGs – created a global alliance for development, covering for the first time the full range of development finance. The follow-up process continues to strive for an inclusive multilateralism, underlining a holistic and coherent agenda and effective participation of all relevant stakeholders including civil society and the private sector. In less than two months, a Follow-up International Conference will take place in Doha, Qatar.  This session focused on the achievements as well as new and emerging challenges of the Monterrey Consensus and discussed the tasks ahead through attempting to address the following questions: What expectations do participants have with regard to the conference? What has to be done to strengthen the global partnership agreed to in Monterrey, and what are the respective roles of the UN, Bretton Woods institutions, World Trade Organization, governments, civil society in this process? The meeting payed particular attention to key emerging challenges in the financing of climate change adaptation and mitigation.

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Sunday, October 12

11:00 -12:00 pm
IMF Auditorium
HQ1-R710

Presentation of Banque de France Financial Stability Review on Valuation

Speakers: Hugo Banziger (Deutsche Bank), Jaime Caruana (IMF), Philipp Hildebrand (Swiss National Bank), Avinash Persaud (Intelligence Capital Limited), and José Viñals (Bank of Spain)

3:00 - 4:30 pm
IFC Auditorium
2121 Penn Ave.

The Role and Governance of the IMF: Further Reflections on Reform

Sponsor: Per Jacobsson Foundation

Speakers:Stanley Fischer (Governor of the Bank of Israel), Trevor Manuel (South African Minister of Finance), Jean Pisani-Ferry (Director of  Bruegel) Raghuram Rajan (Professor of Finance, University of Chicago), Chair: Andrew Crockett (Former General Manager of the Bank for International Settlements and former Chairman of the Financial Stability Forum)

This year's Per Jacobsson Foundation lecture was a panel discussion that addressed IMF reform.

4:30 pm – 6:00 pm
IFC Auditorium
2121 Penn Ave.

Program of Seminars Plenary: Turmoil in Global Financial and Commodities Markets - Prospects & Policies

Sponsors:   International Monetary Fund

Speakers: John Lipsky ( International Monetary Fund) Lewis Alexander, (Citigroup) Christine M. Cumming (Federal Reserve System), Roger Ferguson, Mário Magalhães Carvalho Mesquita (Central Bank of Brazil), George Soros (Soros Fund Management), Moderator: Martin Wolf  (Financial Times)

The world economy is being buffeted by powerful crosswinds. Financial market turmoil in the US and other advanced economies is not only threatening global financial stability, but also slowing global growth. The global outlook is increasingly uncertain, as the U.S. tries to find its way out of its worst financial crisis since the Great Depression.  Against this background, this session dealt with the following key questions: Do the unprecedented events in financial markets and the policy responses seen recently likely signal a turning point towards restoring global financial stability?  Looking ahead, how is the global financial services industry likely to be re-shaped?   How long will the growth slowdown persist? Will it worsen as a consequence of recent events in financial markets?  For more detailed information on this session please click here.

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Monday, October 13

2:00 - 4:00 pm
MC C1-200

Integrating Climate Change Considerations at the Multilateral Development Banks:  Issues and Challenges

Sponsors:  Bank Information Center (BIC), World Resources Institute (WRI)

Panelists: Samuel Tumiwa (Asian Development Bank), Amal-Lee Amin (Inter American Development Bank), Warren Evans (World Bank, TBC), Jon Sohn (Climate Change Capital), Maria Athena R. Ballesteros (World Resources Institute), Ilana Solomon (Action Aid), Moderator: Bruce Jenkins (Bank Information Center)

Last week, ten industrialized countries including the US, Japan and several European donors pledged approximately $6.1 bn to the Climate Investment Funds, a set of financial mechanisms envisaged to provide scaled-up funding to assist developing countries in their activities to mitigate GHGs and adapt to the impacts of climate change.  It is critical to ensure that the CIFs are used to support developing countries to adopt transformational approaches to aligning development with the challenges of climate change. Success on this agenda is inextricable linked to the question of how the MDBs will incorporate climate change into their overarching portfolios, particularly in the energy sectors. Representatives of the various MDBs gathered in Washington this week for the CIF Partnership Forum to be held on October 14 exchanged views on these important questions with representatives of civil society.

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Audio Recording of the Session (in Realplayer)

 

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