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Green Accounting

Developing 'greener' national accounts holds the promise of placing environmental considerations into a framework that key economic ministries in any government will understand. The World Bank is currently focusing on two prominent indicators linking the macro-economy, the environment and sustainability. These indicators are built on the idea that the generation of well-being depends on a country's asset base, which includes natural resources as well as produced and human capital. And the country's capacity to sustain growth in well-being is closely linked to how such asset base varies over time.

Wealth Estimates

Wealth Estimates - Wealth estimates measure a country's total wealth as composed of produced capital (infrastructure and urban land), natural capital (cropland, forests, fish stocks, minerals, etc.) and human resources (human capital, quality of institutions). Every five years, World Bank publishes estimates of wealth and its components for nearly 120 countries. Data for 2005 will be available in the Fall of 2010.


Adjusted Net Saving

Adjusted Net Saving - Adjusted net saving is an indicator of the sustainability of an economy. It measures changes in wealth from one year to the next by looking at increases in produced capital (through investments), depletion of natural resources (e.g. through the extraction of oil or timber from forests), investments in human capital (e.g. through education) and damages to health caused by pollution. Adjusted Net Savings estimates are available for 140 countries for the period 1970-2008. Data for 2009 will be available in the Spring of 2011.

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Last updated: 2010-05-28


Publications on Green Accountiing