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Climate Change

Human activities have been substantially increasing the atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases. These increases enhance the natural greenhouse effect and will result, on average, in additional warming of the Earth's surface and lower atmosphere, which may adversely affect natural ecosystems and humankind. Developing countries will be more vulnerable than developed countries, with the poorest being the most vulnerable.

In 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) was adopted and has been the centerpiece of the international community's effort to combat global warming with the GEF as the financial mechanism for the UNFCC.

All GEF funded climate change activities are in full conformity with the guidance provided by the Conference of the Parties to the Convention and reflect specific GEF Climate Change criteria based on that guidance. These criteria are described in four GEF Operational Programs (OPs):

  • OP 5:  Removal of Barriers to Energy Efficiency and Energy Conservation
  • OP 6:  Promoting the Adoption of Renewable Energy by Removing Barriers and Reducing Implementation Costs
  • OP 7:  Reducing the Long-Term Costs of Low Greenhouse Gas Emitting Energy Technologies
  • OP 11:  Promoting Environmentally Sustainable Transport

The World Bank Group has actively supported client countries in meeting their international objectives within its overall mandate of promoting sustainable development, and has helped them mobilize resources to cover the additional costs of initiatives aimed at meeting UNFCC objectives.Top Icon


Useful Climate Change Links