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Fertilizer Use in Africa


Fertilizer Use in African Agriculture: Lessons Learned and Good Practice Guidelines (Agriculture and Rural Development Series)

In every region of the world, the intensification of crop-based agriculture has been associated with a sharp increase in the use of chemical fertilizer. Given the generally low levels of fertilizer use in Africa, there can be little doubt that fertilizer use must increase in Africa if the region is to meet its agricultural growth targets, poverty reduction goals, and environmental sustainability objectives. For this reason, policies and programs are needed to encourage fertilizer use in ways that are technically efficient, economically rational, and market-friendly. Including this introduction, this report contains eight chapters. Chapter 2 sets the stage by discussing agriculture's role in the overall economic development process and explaining why agricultural development often leads to patterns of growth that are strongly pro-poor. Chapter 3 briefly recounts the history of fertilizer promotion efforts in Africa. Chapter 4 outlines the reasons for low fertilizer use in Africa. Chapter 5 examines factors that influence fertilizer demand and identifies entry points at which public interventions can strengthen effective demand at the farm level. Chapter 6 examines the factors that determine the supply of fertilizer and identifies entry points for public interventions to improve fertilizer supply. Chapter 7 identifies potential entry points at which public investments may be effective for fostering desirable change in a country's fertilizer sector. Chapter 8 summarizes the main points made in the report and concludes the discussion.


Fertilizer Toolkit: Promoting Efficient and Sustainable Fertilizer Use in Africa
This Toolkit is an interactive guide to assist you evaluate if a fertilizer promotion program would be an appropriate tool for meeting either welfare or economic growth objectives and, if so, design the type of program that would be most appropriate in a given context.

Africa's Growing Soil Fertility Crisis: What Role for Fertilizer? (ARD Note)
This note was prepared by Jonathan Agwe, Operations Analyst in the Agriculture and Rural Development Department of the World Bank, with input from Michael Morris, Lead Agriculture Economist for the Africa region of the World Bank, and Erick Fernandes, Land Management Advisor for the Agriculture and Rural Development Department of the World Bank. This Note is based on four Agriculture and Rural Development Discussion Papers linked below.

Alternative Approaches for Promoting Fertilizer Use in Africa (ARD Discussion Paper)

This paper examines a number of financial, economic, social, and political arguments that have been made in favor of promoting increased fertilizer use in Africa. The cases for and against fertilizer subsidies are discussed in some detail.


Factors Affecting Demand for Fertilizer in Sub-Saharan Africa (ARD Discussion Paper)

This paper provides a comprehensive overview of the current state of knowledge about the factors affecting farm-level demand for fertilizer in Sub-Saharan Africa. Technical, economic, and policy options for strengthening demand are reviewed.


Increasing Fertilizer Use in Africa: What Have We Learned? (ARD Discussion Paper)

This paper summarizes the proceedings of an e-forum organized by Imperial College London and NR International on behalf of The World Bank and DFID as part of a wider Africa Fertilizer Strategy Assessment Exercise. The e-forum took place from February 15th to March 8th 2005.


Factors Affecting Supply for Fertilizer in Sub-Saharan  (ARD Discussion Paper)

This paper evaluates different strategies to make significant improvements in fertilizer supply to smallholder farmers in Sub-Saharan African. Use of supply chain analysis is advocated as a means of identifying entry points where targeted interventions can shift the fertilizer supply curve to the right.


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