Sponsored jointly by the World Bank, the Environment Protection, Land Administration and Use Authority(EPLAUA) of Amhara National Regional State, and UN HABITAT Global Land Tool Network (GLTN).
With the generous support of the World Bank, UN HABITAT Global Land Tool Network (GLTN), and the Amhara National Regional State, roughly fifty local and international stakeholders participated in the national workshop on ‘Cadastral Index Mapping (CIM) and Computerization for speed and pro-poor Rural Land Administration in Ethiopia: Experience, Challenges, and Prospects” held May 11-12, 2009 at Bahir Dar. The overall objective of the workshop was to communicate the progress made on the implementation of land administration in the Amhara Regional State, specifically on experience piloting CIM and computerization. The workshop created opportunities to further develop and enrich the pilot findings and documentation of the experiences before rolling out the technologies throughout the region.
The workshop included presentations from local and international partners, as well as experience sharing from land administration professionals from Kenya and Mongolia. The second day offered an opportunity to learn from the land administration committee members who participated in the generation of the CIM. The visit included dialogue with other land users on the impacts of land administration and certification. The farmers interviewed described how the project increased their level of tenure security and encouraged them to invest in various land management practices on their respective farmlands. This attitudinal change underpins the successful implementation of the Sustainable Land Management Project (SLMP) in general and the grass-root land management investments in particular and is also documented in the work of various scholars on the subject.
Presentations: Click here to view the presentations made at the two-day conference.
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The broader and ultimate goal of a modern land administration system is to serve as a fundamental infrastructure in overall societal sustainable development. Sustainable development demands complex decision-making, which in turn requires access to readily available, current, relevant, and accurate multipurpose information. Recent development has shown that a cornerstone of a modern land administration is the computerized register, which includes detailed information at the individual parcel level. In response to the demand from farmers and other system users, the Amhara Regional State has implemented several pilot land administration projects within its jurisdiction to take advantage of the significant opportunities offered by new technologies. In addition to the traditional technologies available, the projects have tested different instruments, including differential GPS, high precision GPS, and Total Station and also included a cadastral index mapping (CIM) exercise using High Resolution Satellite Imagery (HRSI). The Amhara Environment Protection, Land Administration and Use Authority (EPLAUA) has also been working to modernize its rural land registration and surveying operation through the information System for Land Administration (ISLA) developed in 2004, redesigned in 2006, and further developed in 2007. The software is being rolled out to weredas (counties) on an ad hoc basis, and five have already completed computerization of their land records using ISLA.
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EPLAUA, in collaboration with the World Bank and UN HABITAT Global Land Tools Network (GLTN), has been engaged in piloting the production of CIM using HRSI. Amhara Regional State has already completed the coverage of one kebelle (village) in Fagita Lekoma wereda (county) and plans to test the technology in a further five kebelles by the end of June 2009. In addition to the CIM, the region is considering the pilot application of a new software package, the Social Tenure Domain Model (STDM), developed to support pro-poor land registration.
The Amhara region has also started to computerize its textual records, with five weredas completed to date. Additionally, the region is completing documentation of the experiences and associated issues raised during the first pilot, in Gozamin wereda, to identify the prerequisite conditions necessary for the roll out of the computerization effort, including the cost and associated resource requirements for the process. In connection to this, the region has developed a showcase for highlighting best practices to support the further implementation of the computerization and potentially the use of satellite imagery across the region. Based on the pilot experience, it is clear there are a number of important issues that are necessary to support the transition from a manual to a fully computerized land administration system, including the status and archiving of the manual records; the security and back up of the computerized system, and the identification of operational procedures and risk mitigation strategies.
Although the exercise has been mostly homegrown, development partners have provided critical support to the process. Following the footsteps of the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA), a number of other donors have shown interest in supporting the activity in different capacities. In light of the growing interest in the technology and the pilot’s early successes, the Amhara-EPLAUA has found it critical to disseminate progress to date and pilot results to all interested partners and regional counterparts. In this regard, EPLAUA, in collaboration with the World Bank and UNHABITAT GLTN, organized a two-day international stakeholders workshop to share experiences on land administration activities in general and those from the recent CIM and computerization pilot exercise in particular.
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The overall objective of the workshop was to communicate the progress made on the implementation of land administration in the region with a special focus on CIM and computerization. The workshop created opportunities to further develop and enrich the pilot findings and documentation of the experiences before rolling out to additional weredas. In addition, the workshop highlighted the new initiative to incorporate satellite imagery for land registration through a field visit. The event was designed to create a common understanding among potential stakeholders in the field about the experiences, challenges, and prospects of land information system development in Ethiopia in general and Amhara in particular, as well as to share the global experiences of stakeholders from abroad.
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On Cadastral Index Mapping (CIM):
The workshop highlighted the continued efforts of EPLAUA to improve the quality of land administration through, most recently, the piloting of HRSI-based CIM. This exercise has demonstrated the usefulness of these technologies for achieving a quick and cheaper method for generating spatial frameworks that represents a significant improvement over existing efforts. The participatory aspect of the CIM process, which has been driven by farmers, is expected to further deepen with the participation of individual right holders to assess CIM results and share their opinions during public hearings.
The participants recognized the contribution of international partners, especially the World Bank and UN HABITAT GLTN, who have provided resources and technical support to the production of CIM and HRSI. The continued engagement with these two partners will include pilot testing of the STDM. EPLAUA is working to complete CIM for five kebelles by the end of June 2009, including displaying the results and conducting public hearings. EPLAUA will also compute the costs required to produce CIM from HRSI per parcel and per holding with a view toward comparing these interventions with existing technologies.
EPLAUA will also initiate a process whereby the positional accuracy of CIM can be assessed with technical inputs from local and international experts on the assessment methodology. EPLAUA will produce and circulate a two-page concept paper entitled, “Positional Accuracy Assessment of CIM Derived from Orthorectified QuickBird Images” to facilitate knowledge sharing among partners and provide EPLAUA with the foundation necessary to select appropriate methodologies for different landscapes.
EPLAUA will organize another HRSI-based CIM Piloting Evaluation workshop to present more refined outputs with a particular emphasis on the positional accuracy of the CIM and individual land users’ feedback. EPLAUA will solicit farmers’ views on CIM output as soon as the exercise is completed by publicly displaying the results and conducting public hearings at the sub-kebele level. In the interim, the workshop organizers and participants agreed to explore possibilities for financing the workshop and to mobilize partners who were unable to attend the first workshop.
On the need for federal-level strategic leadership:
EPLAUA and its partners will continue to engage the federal government:
To promote the establishment of stronger and more proactive federal level institutional leadership and coordination framework;
To better integrate urban and rural land administration;
To facilitate the establishment of a Development Partners Group for Land (DPGL) at the federal level so that the partnership will include both policy dialogue and funding;
To lay the foundation for the establishment of a country-wide and government-led land information management system.
Finally, as requested by the participants from TNRS, EPLAUA will take every opportunity to engage other regional states and share its HRSI-based CIM production experience with a view toward improving the state of land administration in the country through low-cost and quick spatial data acquisition techniques.
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The workshop was jointly organized by the World Bank, UN HABITAT Global Land Tools Network (GLTN), and the Amhara National Regional State. Overall, roughly 50 participants attended the workshop from the following organizations:
Development Partners in Attendance
The World Bank
UN HABITAT GLTN
Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC)
Development Partners Invited
The Norwegian Embassy
Embassy of Finland
African Development Bank (ADB)
USAID-ETHIOPIA and ARD
Swedish Embassy - Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA)
Austrian International Development Agency (AIDA)
Other International Participants
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
Local and Federal Institutions
Amhara Regional State - President’s Office
Bahir Dar University
Amhara Tax Authority
Bahir Dar Municipality
Central Statistical Authority (CSA)
Ethiopian Mapping Agency (EMA)
Ethiopian Information Technology Agency
Tigray Regional State – EPLAUA
Amhara Bureau of Finance and Economic Development (BOFED)
Amhara Bureau of Agriculture and Rural Development (BORAD)
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MoRAD)
Ministry of Finance and Economic Development (MoFED)Oromia Regional State BoARD/Lands and Environment
Southern People BoARD
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