Impact evaluation of innovative approaches
to land administration
The World Bank has long maintained that, in the area of land policy more than elsewhere, there are no patent recipes as arrangements for land use have evolved over long time in response to local conditions. Thus, careful analysis of the policy environment as well as evaluation of impacts of any intervention will be critical. Such evaluations have traditionally been carried out in close connection with related World Bank country work (e.g. on India, Ethiopia, or China). Studies currently underway include (i) evaluation of land certification and sustainable land management interventions in Ethiopia; (ii) assessment of the impact of computerizing land records (using Bank data) in India; (iii) the impacts of changing inheritance legislation to give automatic shares to females in India; (iv) socio-economic effects of (and demand for) formalizing informal settlements in Dar es Salaam; (v) assessing the impact of systematic rural land titling in Rwanda; (vi) impacts of redistributive land reform on human capital accumulation in West Bengal; (vii) effects of joint titling on female empowerment in Vietnam; (viii) impacts of legal reforms to increase tenure security in China, especially in the context of the financial crisis. In addition, support to a number of other country studies (e.g. in Benin and Mozambique) is under discussion.
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