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Pest Management Guidebook

Farmers and consumers in developing countries are too often faced with a serious dilemma: either sacrifice a significant share of their crops to pests or use highly toxic pesticides that can harm human health and the environment. If we can help these people out of this dilemma, we will be making a major contribution to improving food security, eradicating starvation, and alleviating poverty in resource-poor countries throughout the world.





The World Bank Approach to IPM

Since the early 1980s, the World Bank engaged the various stakeholders in developing pest management policies to address the ever-increasing pest management needs in its rural development and health projects.

Recognizing the importance of the reputation risk associated with the irrational use of very toxic agricultural chemicals, the World Bank revisited its safeguard policies (OP 4.09, 1998). The purpose of the safeguard policy on pest management is ensure good practice in Bank financed projects by adhering to two principles:

  • Avoid excessive use of pesticides—the “Do-no-harm Principle”; and
  • Promote environmentally sound and sustainable pest management—the “Do Good Principle”.

To ensure compliance with its policies, the Bank monitors and reviews all projects in its portfolio to verify that all pest management activities follow an integrated pest management approach and to assess client capacity to implement IPM-based crop protection and to regulate pesticide use.



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