Ensuring accountability and effective management of public resources are some of the basic responsibilities of many governments in the world, especially those in developing countries. In this age of globalization, transparency and effectiveness in public sector management is critical in determining a government’s ability to ensure economic competitiveness, good governance, and building capacity in a sustainable manner.
The World Bank has identified corruption as the biggest obstacle to building economic and social capacity. Corruption is especially hard on the poor as they are most affected by economic decline, are most reliant on the provision of public services, and are least capable of bearing extra costs.
Corruption sabotages policies and programs that aim to reduce poverty and build capacity. Attacking corruption is critical to the achievement of the Bank's overarching mission of poverty reduction.
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