Strategic Approaches to Science and Technology in Development
Robert Watson, Michael Crawford and Sara Farley
The authors' main messages are: 1) S & T has always been important for development, but the unprecedented pace of advancement of scientific knowledge is rapidly creating new opportunities for and threats to development. 2) Most developing countries are largely unprepared to deal with the changes that S & T advancement will bring. 3) The World Bank ' s numerous actions in various domains of S & T could be more effective in producing the needed capacity improvements in client countries. 4) The World Bank could have a greater impact if it paid increased attention to S & T in education, health, rural development, private sector development, and the environment. The strategy emphasizes four S & T policy areas: education and human resources development, the private sector, the public sector, and information communications technologies.