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Tertiary Education - Publications


Skills, Not Just Diplomas: Managing Education for Results in Eastern Europe and Central Asia
Mamta Murthi, Lars Sondergaard

Putting Higher Education to Work: Skills and Research for Growth in East Asia
Emanuela di Gropello

The Road to Academic Excellence: The Making of World-Class Research Universities
Philip G. Altbach, Jamil Salmi
French | Chinese | Russian | Indonesian | Turkish | Korean

Internationalization of Higher Education in MENA: Policy Issues Associated with Skills Formation and Mobility (PDF, 1MB)
Adriana Jaramillo. 2011
This policy issues note is focused on internationalization of higher education and the linkages and implications that internationalization has for skills mobility. This note seeks to introduce a systematic policy discussion about the internationalization of higher education to help MENA countries improve the quality and relevance of their higher education systems, open opportunities for better skills development, and improve high-skilled labor migration.

Chilean experience with performance contracts
English (PDF, 0.5MB) | Spanish (PDF, 0.5MB)

Financing Higher Education in Africa (PDF, 2.2MB)
William Experton and Chloe Fevre. 2010
This report demonstrated that the key for success in a globalized world lies increasingly in how effectively a country can assimilate the available knowledge and build comparative advantages in areas with good growth prospects and how it can use technology to address the most pressing environmental challenges.

The Towers of Learning: Higher Education in Sri Lanka (PDF, 2.0MB)
World Bank. 2009
Towers of Learning in Sri Lanka details the World Bank's recommendations and approach to further improve higher education and produce world class graduates in Sri Lanka. It recommends that the higher education system should inspire the country’s values, ethics and social institutions so that Sri Lanka becomes celebrated as an enlightened and peaceful multi-ethnic,multi-religious and multi-cultural society.

The Challenge of Establishing World-Class Universities (PDF, 1.0MB)
Jamil Salmi. 2009
Governments are becoming increasingly aware of the important contribution that high performance, world-class universities make to global competitiveness and economic growth. There is growing recognition, in both industrial and developing countries, of the need to establish one or more world-class universities that can compete effectively with the best of the best around the world. Contextualizing the drive for world-class higher education institutions and the power of international and domestic university rankings, this book outlines possible strategies and pathways for establishing globally competitive universities and explores the challenges, costs, and risks involved. Its findings will be of particular interest to policy makers, university leaders, researchers, and development practitioners.
Also available in Spanish, French and Russian

Legal Frameworks for Tertiary Education in Sub-Saharan Africa (PDF, 0.6MB)
William Saint, Christine Lao, and Peter Materu. 2009
This report examines the human resource implications of more knowledge-intensive strategies for growth in Africa within the context of globalize competition and argues the need for more conscious management of education policies in order to align education sector outputs, especially postsecondary graduates and research, with national strategies for economic growth and poverty alleviation.

The Growing Accountability Agenda in Tertiary Education: Progress or Mixed Blessing? (PDF, 0.6MB)
Jamil Salmi. 2009
This paper analyzes the main dimensions of the growing accountability agenda, examines some of the negative and positive consequences of its evolution, and proposes a few guiding principles for achieving a balanced approach to accountability in tertiary education. It observes that the universal push for increased accountability has made the role of university leaders much more demanding, transforming both the competencies expected of them and the capacity-building needs of university management teams. It concludes by observing that accountability is meaningful only to the extent that tertiary education institutions are actually empowered to operate in an autonomous and responsible way.

Accelerating Catch-Up: Tertiary Education for Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa (PDF, 1.5MB)
This report argues that if a growth surge is to evolve into a virtuous spiral that stimulates even higher and sustained growth rates in a substantial number of African countries, a significant increase in investment in physical and human capital is needed over an extended period. This report stresses that there is an urgent need for countries in Sub-Sahara Africa to acquire the capabilities that will spawn new industries that create more productive jobs, multiple linkages, and a wider range of exports.

University Admission Worldwide (PDF, 0.8MB)
Robin Matross Helms. 2008
The purpose of this paper is to examine, compare, and contrast undergraduate university admission policies and procedures worldwide. It sets forth a basic classification system for university admission systems, and brings attention to some of the key considerations and challenges associated with the various models currently in use.

The Evolving Regulatory Context for Private Education in Emerging Economies (PDF, 0.5MB)
John Fielden and Norman LaRocque. 2008
This publication has drawn upon international examples of regulatory policies for private providers and has set out a series of "propositions for good practice" for national policy makers to consider as they address the evolving regulatory context.

From Fragmentation to Cooperation: Tertiary Education , Research and Development in South Eastern Europe (PDF, 0.9MB)
Toby Linden and Nina Arnhold with Kirill Vasiliev. 2008
This paper examines the challenges that Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Romania, Serbia and Slovenia face in order to have a labor force with a significant pool of people with tertiay education qualifications. These people, however, will be needed to meet increasing demand for highly-skilled labor and support economic growth.
Also available in: Albanian, Macedonian, Serbo-Croatian

The Alternative Tertiary Education Sector: More Than Non-University Education (PDF, 0.7MB)
Samih W. Mikhail. 2008
This comparative study of an alternative sector of tertiary education (ASTE) in selected OECD countries proposes a framework to facilitate the analysis of this sector, distill the lessons learned, and identify good practices to guide the development of the sector. The study emphasizes the fact that the alternative sector is much more complex than the often-used “non-university” terminology suggests.

Global Trends in University Governance (PDF, 3.9MB)
John Fielden. 2008
The paper seeks to provide evidence of the global trends in the ways that such systems and institutions are planned, governed, and monitored. The scope is limited to issues of strategy, funding, and governance, although some reference is made to assessing quality and institutional management.

Financing Lifelong Learning (PDF, 0.2MB)
Hessel Oosterbeek, Harry Anthony Patrinos. 2008
This paper describes and analyzes different financial schemes to promote lifelong learning. Considered are financial instruments to stimulate successful early learning, financial aid schemes and subsidization mechanisms. Theoretical analyses about funding of early learning have mainly focused on vouchers. Yet, the available empirical evidence is more ambiguous about the effects of vouchers than about the effects of conditional cash transfers and financial incentives for pupils and teachers.

Accessibility and Affordability of Tertiary Education in Brazil, Colombia, Mexico and Peru within a Global Context (PDF, 0.2MB)
Yuki Murakami, Andreas Blom. 2008
This paper examines the financing of tertiary education in Brazil, Colombia, Mexico and Peru, comparing the affordability and accessibility of tertiary education with that in high-income countries. To measure affordability, the authors estimate education costs, living costs, grants, and loans. Further, they compute the participation rate, attainment rate, and socio-economic equity index in education and the gender equity index as indicators of accessibility.

Funding Higher Education: The Contribution of Economic Thinking to Debate and Policy Development (PDF, 0.7MB)
Maureen Woodhall. 2007
This paper examines the influence of economic thinking in the last 20 years on debate and policy on HE finance in selected OECD countries (including Australia, Sweden, the U.K. and U.S.), transition economies (Hungary) and developing countries (Ethiopia and South Africa).

Cross-border Tertiary Education: A Way towards Capacity Development (PDF, 1.9MB)
OECD and The World Bank. 2007
The purpose of this book is to cast light on these opportunities and challenges, especially for developing countries willing to leverage cross-border higher education as a tool for development. This book discusses the concept of capacity-building through cross-border education, emphasising the critical role of quality assurance and trade negotiations. This volume should be of particular interest to both education policy makers and the myriad stakeholders in higher education from developing countries. The book is also available for purchase online at OECD Online Bookshop.

Higher Education Quality Assurance in Sub-Saharan Africa: Status, Challenges, Opportunities, and Promising Practices (PDF, 0.4MB)
Peter Materu. 2007
This report summarizes the findings from a study on quality assurance for higher education in Sub-Saharan Africa. The research was conducted between November 2005 and December 2006 through document and web reviews, interviews and six detailed country case studies covering Cameroon, Ghana, Mauritius, Nigeria, South Africa and Tanzania.

Trend in International Trade in Higher Education: Implications and Options for Developing Countries (PDF, 1.3MB)
Sajitha Bashir. 2007
The objectives of this paper are to provide policy makers in developing countries, Bank staff and others associated with higher education policy development with information on and analyses of the recent trends in international trade in higher education and to present the policy issues and options that arise from it.

Enseignement Supérieur en Afrique francophone: quels leviers pour des politiques financièrement soutenables? (PDF, 0.5MB)
Pierre Antoine Gioan. 2007
Africa Region Human Development Working Paper Series

en breve - Colombia: Assisting Talented Students from Low-income Families Attend Tertiary Education. 2007
Pedro Cerdán-Infantes and Andreas Blom
Also available in Spanish
"en breve" is a regular series of notes highlighting recent lessons emerging from the operational and analytical program of the World Bank's Latin America and Caribbean Region.

Innovations in Tertiary Education Financing: A Comparative Evaluation of Allocation Mechanisms (PDF, 1MB)
Jamil Salmi and Arthur M. Hauptman. 2006
This paper examines a range of recent experiences with both traditional and more innovative allocation mechanisms in tertiary education worldwide. The objective of the paper is to survey the landscape of innovation and highlight lessons that can help policy makers in developing and transition countries formulate strategies for increasing the effectiveness of their public policies for tertiary education.

Innovation Funds for Higher Education: A Users' Guide for World Bank Funded Projects (PDF, 1MB)
William Saint. 2006
This paper is Users’ Guide for innovation funds in tertiary education. It is intended for Bank staff and other education professionals who seek to cultivate demand-driven processes for the improvement of educational quality.

Latin American Universities and the Third Mission: Trends, Challenges and Policy Options (PDF, 0.4MB)
Kristian Thorn, Maarja Soo. 2006
This paper discusses trends and challenges within Latin American universities, as well as policy options available for strengthening their contributions to social and economic development. The so-called ‘third mission’ of universities is often equated with knowledge transfer narrowly defined as licensing and commercialization of research. The paper adopts a broader approach and explores how the new role of universities affects all aspects of academic practice in Latin America, including advanced education and research.

Knowledge and Skill Development in Developing and Transitional Economies
The World Bank & DFID. 2006
An Analysis of World Bank/DFID Knowledge and Skills for the Modern Economy Project
Links to knowledge and skills for new economy projects:

[Higher Education Policy Note]
Pakistan - An Assessment of the Medium-Term Development Framework (PDF, 0.7MB)
Human Development Sector, South Asia Region, The World Bank. 2006

Higher Education and Economic Development in Africa (PDF, 0.7MB)
David Bloom, David Canning, and Kevin Chan. 2005
This paper challenges the long-held belief in the international development community that tertiary education has little role in promoting economic growth. It reviews evidence about the impact that tertiary education can have on economic growth and poverty reduction, with a focus on the countries of Sub-Saharan Africa. Enrollment rates for higher education in Sub-Saharan Africa are by far the lowest in the world.
Also available in French.

Higher Education in Latin America: The International Dimension (PDF, 1.5MB)
Hans De Wit, Isabel Cristina Jaramillo, Jocelyne Gacel-Ávila, Jane Knight, Editors. 2005
This paper examines the challenges Latin America faces in becoming a world-renowned knowledge center by assessing the overall development of the region’s higher education with respect to various factors, including curricula, educational networks, and mobility of teachers and students. Based on studies of higher education in seven countries (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Mexico, and Peru), the volume identifies opportunities for raising Latin America’s profile on the global stage.
Also available in French (pdf - 2.5MB).

Tertiary Education in Colombia - Paving the Way for Reform (PDF, 0.9MB)
The World Bank Group. 2003
This sector study suggests potential strategies and recommendations that would move the Tertiary Education sector forward by providing the flexibility to become more responsive to demands from society, from students, and from the labor-market.

Public Policy for Career Development: Career Guidance Study - A Policy Framework for the Design of Career Information and Guidance Systems in Developing and Transition Economies. 2003

Constructing Knowledge Societies : New Challenges For Tertiary Education
Jamil Salmi. 2002

other publicationsFor the recent and highlighted publications on tertiary and higher education, click here and search under both “tertiary education” and “higher education” for best results.

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