| Getting to equal : Promoting Gender Equality through Human Development |
To achieve gender equality and empower women, it is essential to invest in human development. The World Development Report 2012: Gender Equality and Development (hereafter WDR 2012) brings the best global evidence to bear on the relationship between gender equality and development. A central theme running ... Type: Publication | Date: 2011-09-15
| Mainstreaming Gender |
This brief includes the following headings: getting wise to gender: it is about men and women after all; Old and new gender gaps; The story at district level in 29 districts under Basic Education capacity Trust Fund (BEC TF); findings from quality of education in Madrasah study; narrowing the gender ...
Author: World Bank | Type: Brief | Date: 2011-08-11
| Measuring The Economic Gain Of Investing in Girls : The Girl Effect Dividend |
Although girls are approximately half the youth population in developing countries, they contribute less than their potential to the economy. The objective of this paper is to quantify the opportunity cost of girls exclusion from productive employment with the hope that stark figures will lead policymakers ...
Author: Chaaban, Jad ... | Type: Publication | Date: 2011-08-01
| What Did The Maoists Ever Do For Us ? Education And Marriage Of Women Exposed To Civil Conflict In Nepal |
Between 1996 and 2006, Nepal experienced violent civil conflict as a consequence of a Maoist insurgency, which many argue also brought about an increase in female empowerment. This paper exploits within and between-district variation in the intensity of violence to estimate the impact of conflict intensity ...
Author: Valente, Christine | Type: Publication | Date: 2011-07-01
| Crossing Boundaries: Gender, Caste and Schooling in Rural Pakistan |
Can communal heterogeneity explain persistent educational inequities in developing countries? The paper uses a novel data-set from rural Pakistan that explicitly recognizes the geographic structure of villages and the social makeup of constituent hamlets to show that demand for schooling is sensitive ...
Author: Hanan G. Jacob ... | Type: Publication | Date: 2011-06-01
| Gender Equality as Smart Economics: World Bank Group Gender Action Plan - Four-year Progress Report (January 2007-December 2010) |
This fourth and last annual progress report summarizes the main accomplishments of the World Bank Group Gender Action Plan Gender Equality as Smart Economics (GAP) over the four years (2007-2010) and discusses lessons learned and remaining challenges to further institutionalize gender mainstreaming at ...
Author: The World Bank | Type: Publication | Date: 2011-05-02
| Does Cash For School Influence Young Women's Behavior In The Longer Term? Evidence From Pakistan |
The Punjab Female School Stipend Program, a female targeted conditional cash transfer program in Pakistan, was implemented in response to gender gaps in education. An early evaluation of the program shows that the enrollment of eligible girls in middle school increased in the short term by nearly 9 percentage ...
Author: Andaleeb Alam, Javier E. Baez, Ximena V. Del Carpio | Type: Publication | Date: 2011-05-01
| World Development Report 2012: Gender Equality and Development Outline |
This report will look at these facts and trends regarding the various dimensions of gender equality in the context of the development process. It will argue first that gender equality is a core development issue-a primary objective of development in its own right. Following Sen (1999) and others, the ...
Author: The World Bank | Type: Publication | Date: 2010-11-16
| Bridging the Gap: Improving Capabilities and Expanding Opportunities for Women in the Middle East and North Africa Region |
This brief summarizes some of the significant constraints women in Middle East and North Africa (MENA) face: limited labor market mobility, a mismatch between skills acquired in school and what is in demand in the labor market, and legal or institutional factors related to cultural norms, all of which ...
Author: Tara Vishwanath | Type: Research | Date: 2010-10-27
| Do Scholarships Help Students Continue Their Education? |
The World Bank is committed to assisting developing countries raise their educational standards, part of the United Nations millennium development goals. The work includes supporting projects that explore how best to support children staying in school. One recent project was in Cambodia, where boys and ...
Author: The World Bank | Type: Brief | Date: 2010-10-01
| Gender Equality as Smart Economics |
Some of the headings included in this issue of the gender equality as smart economics are: educate a women, build a nation by Jal, Emmanuel; a small but bright light in a terrible year of Haiti by Nadelman, Rachel Hannah; gender and biofuels in Mozambique - good or bad news for women? By Benfica, Rui; ...
Author: The World Bank | Type: Brief | Date: 2010-10-01
| Gender Disparities in Africa's Labor Market |
The main aim of this book is to help fill the gap in current knowledge about the nature, the extent, and some of the root causes of gender disparities in Africa, showing what can be revealed about the application of standard and less standard tools and methods to existing survey and national account ...
Author: Jorge Saba Arbache, Alexandre Kolev,and Ewa Filipiak | Type: Publication | Date: 2010-09-29
| Factors That Predispose Youth To Risk In Mexico And Chile |
About half of Latin America?s youth are considered --at risk,-- meaning that they engage in or are at risk of engaging in risky behaviors that are detrimental to their own development and to the well-being of their societies. While child psychologists identify many factors that may cause some youth to ...
Author: Wendy Cunningham, Emilie Bagby, | Type: Research | Date: 2010-06-02
| Adaptation To Climate Extremes In Developing Countries : The Role Of Education |
Global climate models predict a rise in extreme weather in the next century. To better understand future interactions among adaptation costs, socioeconomic development, and climate change in developing countries, observed losses of life from floods and droughts during 1960-2003 are modeled using three ...
Author: Brian Blankespoor, Susmita Dasgupta, Benoit Laplante, David Wheeler | Type: Research | Date: 2010-06-01
| Within-School Tracking In South Korea: An Analysis Using Pisa 2003 |
The 2003 PISA Korea sample is used to examine the association between within-school ability tracking and mathematics achievement. Estimates of a variety of econometric models reveal that tracking is positively associated with mathematics achievement among females and that this association declines for ...
Author: Macdonald, Kevi ... | Type: Research | Date: 2010-04-02
| Gender-Targeted Conditional Cash Transfers : Enrollment, Spillover Effects And Instructional Quality |
This paper considers the effects of a gender-targeted conditional cash transfer program for girls in classes 6 to 8. It finds that the program is successful in increasing the enrollment of girls in classes 6 to 8 as intended. It also finds evidence to suggest that the program generated positive spillover ...
Author: Amer Hasan | Type: Impact Evaluation | Date: 2010-03-31
| Time Allocation In Rural Households : The Indirect Effects Of Conditional Cash Transfer Programs |
Conditional cash transfers are being heralded as effective tools against the intergenerational transmission of poverty. There is substantial evidence on the positive effects of these transfers. Analysts are only now beginning to investigate the indirect effects these programs generate. This paper examines ...
Author: Amer Hasan | Type: Impact Evaluation | Date: 2010-03-01
| Quality Of Education : The Gateway To Employability |
The Luxor Education Roundtable (March 19-20, 2010) on the quality of education: the gateway to employability was jointly organized between Minister of Investment Mahmoud Mohieldin of Egypt and the World Bank. The round table is a direct response to a request from the Government of Egypt (GoE) to identify ...
Author: Shamshad Akhtar | Type: Brief | Date: 2010-03-01
| The Determinants Of Wealth And Gender Inequity In Cognitive Skills In Latin America |
Wealth and gender inequity in the accumulation of cognitive skills is measured as the association between subject competency and wealth and gender using the OECD?s Programme for International Student Assessment. Wealth inequity is found to occur not through disparate household characteristics but rather ...
Author: Kevin Macdonald, Felipe Barrera, Juliana Guaqueta, Harry Anthony Patrinos, Emilio Porta | Type: Research | Date: 2010-01-26
| Gender And Governance In Rural Services : Insights From India, Ghana, And Ethiopia |
As the first output from the gender and governance in rural services project, this report presents descriptive findings and qualitative analysis of accountability mechanisms in agricultural extension and rural water supply in India, Ghana, and Ethiopia, paying specific attention to gender responsiveness. ...
Author: The World Bank | Type: Publication | Date: 2010-01-22