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School Health and Nutrition - Publications


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key publications

Rethinking School Health: A Key Component of Education for All  (pdf, 5.4MB)
Donald Bundy. 2011

Rethinking School Feeding: Social Safety Nets, Child Development, and the Education Sector (pdf, 2.2MB)
Donald Bundy, Carmen Burbano, Margaret Grosh, Aulo Gelli, Matthew Jukes, and Lesley Drake. 2009
This review highlights three main findings. First, school feeding programs in low-income countries exhibit large variation in cost, with concomitant opportunities for cost containment. Second, as countries get richer, school feeding costs become a much smaller proportion of the investment in education. Third, the main preconditions for the transition to sustainable national programs are mainstreaming school feeding in national policies and plans, especially education sector plans; identifying national sources of financing; and expanding national implementation capacity.

Focusing Resources on Effective School Health: a FRESH Start to Improving the Quality and Equity of Education (pdf, 0.1MB)
World Bank Strategy Paper
Poor health and malnutrition are important underlying factors for low school enrollment, absenteeism, poor classroom performance, and early school dropout, as reflected in the World Declaration on Education for All . Programmes to achieve good health, hygiene and nutrition at school age are therefore essential to the promotion of basic education for all children.

Repositioning Nutrition as Central to Development (pdf 1.5 MB)
World Bank, 2006
This report argues that there are long and short routes to improving nutrition. Higher incomes and better food security improve nutrition over the longer term, but malnutrition is not simply the result of food insecurity: many children in food-secure environments are underweight or stunted because of inappropriate infant feeding and care practices, poor access to health services, or poor sanitation. Much more attention therefore needs to be given to shorter routes to better nutrition—providing health and nutrition education and micronutrient fortification and supplementation.

Toolkit on Hygiene Sanitation & Water in Schools
The World Bank, 2005
Hygiene, Sanitation, and Water in Schools projects can create an enabling learning environment that contributes children's improved health, welfare, and learning performance. This Toolkit makes available information, resources, and tools that provide support to the preparation and implementation of Hygiene, Sanitation, and Water in Schools policies and projects. Read more about why we have created this Toolkit.


School Deworming at a Glance (pdf 52.9 KB)
World Bank, 2003
Worms infect more than one third of the world’s population, with the most intense infections in children and the poor. In the poorest countries, children are likely to be infected from the time they stop breast-feeding, and to be continually infected and re-infected for the rest of their lives. Only rarely does infection have acute consequences for children. Instead, the infection is long-term and chronic, and can negatively affect all aspects of a child’s development: health, nutrition, cognitive development, learning and educational access and achievement.

School Health at a Glance (pdf 80.6 KB)
World Bank, 2003
Ensuring that children are healthy and able to learn is an essential component of an effective education system. Good health increases enrollment an reduces absenteeism, and brings more of the poorest and most disadvantaged children to school, many of whom are girls.


FRESH Toolkit
The World Bank, UNESCO, UNICEF, WHO, 2003
Poor health and malnutrition are important underlying factors for low school enrollment, absenteeism, poor classroom performance, and early school dropout, as reflected in the World Declaration on Education for All . Programmes to achieve good health, hygiene and nutrition at school age are therefore essential to the promotion of basic education for all children.


School-Age Children: Their Health and Nutrition (pdf 234 KB)
Donald Bundy, 2002
This report was developed to promote research and understanding of the nutrition and health of school-age children. The review confirms that much remains to be done for school-age children.


School Health Situation Analysis Chad, Mali, Mozambique, Tanzania, Uganda(pdf 29.7 MB)
Donald Bundy, Seung-Lee Frances Lee, and Robert Prouty, 2001
This book is intended to help the development of school health and nutrition programs that are cost effective and which respond to local needs. It is aimed at those who are about to develop a national school health program and who wold like to learn from the experiences of others.

Focusing Resources on Effective School Health : a FRESH start to enhancing the quality and equity of education (pdf, 2.24 MB)
World Bank, 2000
This booklet describes the foundation and reasoning behind the partnership to Focus Resources on Effective School Health (FRESH). This information makes a strong case that an effective school health programme: (a) Responds to a new need; (b) Increases the efficacy of other investments in child development; (c) Ensures better educational outcomes; (d) Achieves greater social equity; (e) Is a highly cost effective strategy.

other publications

other publicationsFor the recent and highlighted publications on school health and nutrition, click hereand search under "school health" or "nutrition" for best results.

For a complete listing of World Bank Publicationson HIV/AIDS visit the Publications
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