|Disclaimer - While we hope you find the resource of interest, the World Bank is not responsible for the content of external websites. |Water Suppy and Sanitation
Better hygiene and access to drinking water and sanitation will accelerate progress toward two MDGs: Reduce underfive child mortality rate by 2/3 between 1990 and 2015 and
by 2015 half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation. Meeting the latter goal will require infrastructure investments of about US$23 billion per year, to improve water services for 1.5 billion more people (292,000 people per day) and access to safe sanitation for 2.2 billion additional people (397,000 per day). Fewer than one in five countries are on track for meeting this target.
|External Resources and Partner Organizations|Focusing Resources on Effective School Health (FRESH)
A child’s ability to attain her or his full potential is directly related to the synergistic effect of good health, good nutrition and appropriate education.
Good health and good education are not only ends in themselves, but also means which provide individuals with the chance to lead productive and satisfying lives.
School health is an investment in a country’s future and in the capacity of its people to thrive economically and as a society.
Partnership for Child Development (schools and health)
As a knowledge institution, the Partnership both creates and shares information. During the last 10 years its operational research has shown how interventions can be implemented and evaluated at the country level, for example enabling mass treatment of children for common infections such as hookworms and bilharzia. The Partnership also facilitates the sharing of knowledge between academia, governments and agencies at both national and international level. In recent years, a major focus of this work has been assisting educators and health professionals to work together to help schools respond to the threat that HIV/AIDS poses to education, health and poverty alleviation.
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
UNICEF aims to protect children's rights, to ensure that their basic needs are met and to enable them to expand their opportunities and potential. UNICEF has a long track record of commitment to school based health initiatives, working with WHO, UNESCO, UNFPA and more recently in a series of programmes with national governments. Programmes supported by UNICEF include the following areas:
Water, Sanitation & Hygiene
Health and Nutrition
New strategies being developed examine the possibilities of integrated programme implementation, with the school as a focal point of health intervention within the community. This may can include medical/nutritional interventions provision for working children who do not normal attend school.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO)http://www.unesco.org/education/educprog/ste/projects/health/index.htm
UNESCO has as it’s main objective to contribute to peace and security in the world by promoting collaboration among nations through education, science, culture and communication. UNESCO was one of the first UN organisations to work in the field of school health and nutrition, and it continues to provide technical support, funding and training for school based projects.
UNESCO Bangkok (UNESCOBKK)
UNESCOBKK promotes international co-operation, sets standards and disseminates information in the fields of education, natural sciences, social and human sciences, culture and communications in the Asia and Pacific region. The sectors at UNESCO Bangkok work together on special programmes relevant to the Asia and Pacific region and beyond.
World Food Program (WFP)
WFP is the food-aid arm of the United Nations system. Food Aid is one of the many instruments that can help promote food security, which is defined as access of all people at all times to the food needed for an active and healthy life. The WFP has two main areas of activity in relation to school health: school feeding programs (SFPs) and a micronutrient and health program. WFP supports around 60 school feeding programs, through funding, training and provision of fortified foods. The WFP works on school health programs in conjunction with other organizations such as FAO, UNICEF and CIDA, supporting projects such as targeted deworming and specific micronutrient/fortified food supplementation.
World Health Organization (WHO)
WHO is a UN agency that is the coordinating authority for international health work. In 1996 WHO launched the Global School Health Initiative (GSHI) to increase the number of "Health Promoting Schools" (HPS). WHO collaborates with other UN institutions, independent organizations and the World Bank. The strategies that WHO employs to assist school health programs include:
Building capacity to promote improved school health programs
Mobilizing resources for developing school health programs
Strengthening national capacities
Research to improve school health programs
WHO has set the target of 75% coverage with regular anthelminthic treatment of school-age children in countries where helminth infections are a public health problem. The Partnership of Child Development is also part of the network aiming for this goal in the year 2010.
Within this framework the organization's seven regional offices are all involved in utilizing existing school infrastructure for the advocacy and/or implementation of health education, anthelminthic treatment, nutritional supplementation and disease control. (WHO, PVC, CPE)
|Additional External Resources |
Education Development Centre (EDC)/Health and Human Development Programs(HHD)
HHD is an international non-profit organization with more than 650 employees based outside of Boston, Massachusetts, USA. EDC is working in more than 40 countries on 350 projects dedicated to enhancing learning, promoting health, and fostering a deeper understanding of the world. Health and Human Development Programs (HHD) is the largest division of HHD and a World Health Organization Collaborating Center to Promote Health Through Schools and Communities. The mission of HHD is to foster healthy lifestyles and create healthy and safe environments where people live, learn and work. HHD works with partners around the world to promote healthy human development and reduce risk behaviors and disease. We specialize in identifying measures that are effective in various global settings, synthesizing and disseminating "best practices," and building the capacity of agencies to apply these practices. We work with organizations at the international, regional, national and local levels in infectious diseases, especially HIV/STD prevention; tobacco, alcohol and other drug prevention; reproductive health; nutrition; mental health; violence and injury prevention.