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HIV/AIDS and Education - Links


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Disclaimer - While we hope you find the resource of interest, the World Bank is not responsible for the content of external websites. 

World Bank Resources
  • Focusing Resources on Effective School Health (FRESH) Partnership
    Good health and nutrition are not only essential inputs but also important outcomes of basic education of good quality. First, children must be healthy and well-nourished in order to fully participate in education and gain its maximum benefits.  Early childhood care programmes and primary schools which improve children’s health and nutrition can enhance the learning and educational outcomes of school children.  Second, education of good quality can lead to better health and nutrition outcomes for children, especially girls, and thus for the next generation of children as well. In addition, a healthy, safe and secure school environment can help protect children from health hazards, abuse and exclusion. 
     
    Positive experiences by WHO, UNICEF, UNESCO and the World Bank suggest that there is a core group of cost effective activities which could form the basis for intensified and joint action to make schools healthy for children and so contribute to the development of child-friendly schools.  These agencies are now developing a partnership for Focusing Resources on Effective School Health.  This FRESH Start approach was launched at the World Education Forum in Senegal, April 2000.
     
  • World Bank HIV/AIDS Website
    The World Bank--in partnership with others-- is working to roll back the spread of this global epidemic. As the largest long-term investor in prevention and mitigation of HIV/AIDS in developing countries, the World Bank Group is working with its partners to:  Prevent the further spread of HIV/AIDS among vulnerable groups and in the general population;  Promote countries' health policies and multi-sectoral approaches (e.g. by working in education, social safety nets, transport and other vital areas);  Expand basic care and treatment activities for those affected by HIV/AIDS and their families, as well as for children whose parents have died of AIDS and other vulnerable children.
     
  • School Health
    Over the last 50 years there have been substantial reductions in child death rates, gains in health, immunization levels, improved nutrition programmes and disease prevention. UNICEF estimates that more than 90% of the world’s children are now surviving beyond the age of 5 years. As a result there are now more children of school age and a higher proportion of children attending school than ever before. Despite the improvements in survival of school-aged children, there is still a major burden of disease and ill health among this group, particularly in areas such as poor nutrition and intestinal parasitic diseases. This burden of ill health compromises the children’s development, school attendance and ability to take advantage of the opportunity to obtain a formal education. An increasing body of literature now demonstrates that there is an association between widespread conditions such as iron deficiency, iodine deficiency and parasitic helminth infection and underachievement in school with low scores in tests of cognitive ability.

If improving the health of the school-aged child is the challenge, then the education system itself provides some of the answers. In many developing countries there are more schools than clinics and more teachers than health workers. Delivering health programmes through the education system, that already has a well supported and developed infrastructure in many countries, is one of the most cost effective of public health strategies.

Key External Documents
  • Deadly Inertia: A Cross Country Study of Educational Responses to HIV & AIDS, 2005 
    This report charts the educational responses to HIV & AIDS in 18 countries across Asia, Africa and Latin America. In 2004, education coalitions and HIV & AIDS coalitions came together to discuss their Ministry of Education’s responses, as well as their own. Although varied, certain conclusions resonate across all the countries.
     
  • Girls, HIV/AIDS and Education Unicef, 2004 
    The HIV/AIDS pandemic has devastated the education sector in many countries, robbing schools of critical resources, both human and economic.  In countries hard-hit by HIV/AIDS, school availability has fallen precipitously. Substantial numbers of teachers are ill, dying or caring for family members. In the late 1990s, for instance, more than 100 schools were forced to close in the Central African Republic because of AIDS-related deaths. This report details how the education sector must be strengthened in order to tackle these challenges and provide good-quality education for all children.
     
  • Learning to Survive, 2004 
    Universal primary education (UPE) could save at least 7 million young people from contracting HIV over a decade. However, without dramatic increases in aid to education, Africa will not be able to get every child into school for another 150 years. This report sets out why UPE is crucial to halting the spread of HIV/AIDS, and outlines what both rich and poor countries need to do now to enable millions of children to learn … to survive.
     
  • Report on the global AIDS epidemic, 2003
    In 2003, the Global Coalition on Women and AIDS was launched. It brings together HIV-positive persons, civil society leaders, celebrity activists, nongovernmental organization (NGO) representatives, and UN figures to facilitate collaboration and to support innovative scaling up of efforts that have an impact on women’s and girls’ lives. The Global Coalition will work on: preventing HIV infection among girls and young women; reducing violence against women; protecting girls’ and women’s property and inheritance rights; ensuring women’s and girls’ equal access to treatment and care; supporting community-based care with a special focus on women and girls; promoting women’s access to new prevention technologies and supporting ongoing efforts towards girls’ universal education.
     
  • The Sound of Silence: Difficulties in Communicating on HIV & AIDS in Schools, 2003 
    This report attempts to elucidate how HIV/AIDS education is implemented and received by schools in India and Kenya – two countries chosen partly for their differences, but also a similarity: the existence in each of the chosen regions (Nyanza, Kenya and Tamil Nadu, India) of a state–sponsored HIV curriculum.

International Organizations/Associations
  • The Global Coalition on Women and AIDS
    (GCWA) was launched by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV and AIDS (UNAIDS). GCWA is a worldwide alliance of civil society groups, networks of women with HIV and AIDS, governments and UN organizations. The Coalition aims to highlight the impact of AIDS on women and girls and mobilize actions to enable them to protect themselves from HIV and receive the care and support they need. The site contains "tools and resources", including presentations and publications.
     
  • Association for the Development of Education in Africa (ADEA)
    ADEA is a network of partners promoting the development of effective education policies based on African leadership and ownership. The Association was established at the initiative of the World Bank in 1988. ADEA facilitates information exchange and communication, organizes conferences and biennial meetings, publishes the ADEA Newsletter and other publications, and carries out small-scale programmatic activities.
     
  • UNESCO Bangkok (UNESCOBKK)
    UNESCOBKK promotes international co-operation, sets standards and disseminates information in the fields of education, natural sciences, social and human sciences, culture and communications in the Asia and Pacific region. The sectors at UNESCO Bangkok work together on special programmes relevant to the Asia and Pacific region and beyond.
     
  • UNESCO HIV/AIDS
    UNESCO plays a leading role in EDUCAIDS and the UNAIDS Inter-Agency Task Team (IATT) on Education, which are viewed as key mechanisms in strengthening the UNAIDS combined effort to achieve Universal Access to prevention, treatment, care and support.
     
  • UNICEF HIV/AIDS and Children 
    HIV and AIDS and its impact on children is at the core of UNICEF’s work. This is reflected in their strategic plan, as well as the launch of the “Unite for Children; Unite against AIDS Campaign.”  UNICEF seeks to make a difference in the lives of children affected by AIDS by: (1) preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV and providing pediatric treatment, (2) preventing infection among adolescents and young people, and (3) protecting and supporting children affected by HIV/AIDS.
     
  • United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)
    UNAIDS is a co-sponsored programme, bringing together the efforts of UNICEF, UNDP, UNFPA, UNESCO, WHO and the World Bank.  UNAIDS acts a source of information on HIV/AIDS and acts to control the spread of the epidemic and ameliorate its impact.  Within UNAIDS there is a working group dedicated to promoting school based initiatives, with a special emphasis on school level interventions to teach life skills. 

Non-Governmental Organizations/Civil Society Organizations
  • The Campaign for Female Education (CAMFED)
    CAMFED International is dedicated to extending girls' access to education in poor rural communities in Africa. CAMFED has supported girls through primary, secondary and further education with special focus on the impact of HIV/AIDS.
     
  • The Inter-Agency Network for Education in Emergencies (INEE)
    INEE is a network of NGOs, research institutions and international organizations, which aims to reach out to education practitioners around the world working in situations of emergencies and crisis. In the framework of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the EFA Declaration and the World Education Forum in 2000, INEE promotes access and completion of education for all people affected by emergencies and chronic instability. The website contains a wide-range of good practice guides for education in emergencies and other current research and information.
     
  • Partnership for Child Development (schools and health)
    The Partnership for Child Development (PCD), formed in 1992, is an organisation committed to improving the education, health and nutrition of school-age children and youth in low income countries.  PCD is based within the Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, in the Faculty of Medicine, at London’s Imperial College.  The organisation helps countries and international agencies turn the findings of evidence based research into national interventions that benefit millions of children around the world.




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