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Global Symposium - Education: A Critical Path to Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment

Speakers & Presentations

Opening

  • Introduction: Phillip Hay, Communications Advisor, Human Development Network, World Bank icon - Video
  • Opening: Joy Phumaphi, Vice President Human Development Network, World Bank icon - Video
  • Danny Leipziger, Vice President, Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Network, World Bank icon - Video
  • Keynote: His Excellency - M. Haneef Atmar, Minister of Education, Afghanistan icon - Video

Session 1: Quality and gender equality for development
Chairperson - Katherine Namuddu, Rockefeller Foundation, Nairobi

  • Education, Gender and Development - Nancy Birdsall, President, Center for Global Development icon - Video
  • The importance of quality and gender equality for growth and poverty reduction   MS PowerPoint  icon - Video
    - Eric Hanushek, Stanford University
  • Student learning outcomes from a gender perspective: What do international assessments tell us?   MS PowerPoint  icon - Video
    - Andreas Schleicher, OECD, Paris 

Session 2: Access and retention: What is holding us back and what do we know about interventions that have worked?
Chairperson - Cream Wright, Head of Education, UNICEF

  • The Inexcusable Absence of Girls in School  MS PowerPoint  icon - Video
    - Marlaine Lockheed, Center for Global Development (CGD) 
  • Inequalities in education: Effects of Gender, Poverty, Orphanhood and Disability icon - Video  
    Deon Filmer
  • Quality and gender equality in education: What have we learnt from 15 years of FAWE’s Experience   MS PowerPoint  icon - Video
    - Codou Diaw,  Executive Director, FAWE

Session 3: Gender equality Post Primary Education and Training
Chairperson - Maureen Lewis, World Bank

  • Gender equality in post-primary education an achievable goal or a wild dream?   MS PowerPoint  icon - Video
    - May A. Rihani, Senior Vice President Academy for Educational Development 
  • Closing the education gender gap in Latin America and the Caribbean: Success factors and challenges  MS PowerPoint  icon - Video
    - Claudia Piras, Inter American Development Bank 
  • Expectations and Aspirations for Secondary Schooling: Girls in Gansu, China   MS PowerPoint  icon - Video
    - Emily Hannum, University of Pennsylvania  

Session 4: Emerging issues that constrain quality and gender equality in education
Chairperson - Donald Bundy, World Bank

  • Adolescent girls, school, and pregnancy: evidence from Kenya  MS PowerPoint  icon - Video
    - Michael Kremer, Harvard University 
  • Gender and Education in Emergencies and Fragile situations  MS PowerPoint  icon - Video
    - Jackie Kirk, McGill University, Canada 
  • Promoting Education Quality through Gender-friendly school  MS PowerPoint  icon - Video
    - Changu Mannathoko, UNICEF  

Session 5: Transition from school to work from a gender perspective
Chairperson - Cynthia B. Lloyd, Population Council

  • Estimating returns to education from a gender perspective   MS PowerPoint  icon - Video
    - Harry Anthony Patrinos, World Bank 
  • Education Skills and Labor Market Outcomes   MS PowerPoint  icon - Video
    - Geeta Kingdon, University of Oxford 
  • Cultivating Knowledge and Skills to Grow African Agriculture   MS PowerPoint  icon - Video
    Eija Pehu, World Bank

Session 6: Experiences from the field 1: Interventions that work to improve gender equality in education
Panel Discussion:
Chairperson - Yaw Ansu, Sector Director, AFTHD, World Bank 

  • Egypt  MS PowerPoint icon - VideoMS PowerPoint icon - Video
    - Rasha Saad Sharaf, Director of the Strategic Planning Unit at the Ministry of Higher Education in Egypt.
  • Nigeria  MS PowerPoint  icon - Video
  • Turkey icon - Video
  • Yemen  MS PowerPoint  icon - Video

Session 7: Experiences from the field 2: Interventions that work to improve gender equality in education
Chairperson - Gene Sperling, Director, Center for Universal Education, Council on Foreign Relations

  • Bangladesh Female Secondary School Stipend Program & Punjab (Pakistan) Girls’ Scholarship Program   MS PowerPoint  icon - Video
    - Nazmul Chauhdury, World Bank 
  • Combatting Gender based violence in Benin  MS PowerPoint  icon - Video
    - Michelle Akpo, AED 
  • Afghanistan: Building a Better Future for Afghanistan through Female Education   MS PowerPoint  icon - Video
    - Sakena Yacoobi, Afghan Institute of Learning 
  • The Effects of User Fee Reductions on Enrollment: Evidence from a quasi-experiment in Colombia (Author: Felipe BarreraMS PowerPoint  icon - Video
    - Tazeen Fasih, World Bank  

Session 8: Partners Round Table and Open Discussion  icon - Video
Chairperson - Mayra Buvinic, Director, Gender and Development, PREM, World Bank 

Rockefeller Foundation, Norway, UNICEF, USAID, Nike Foundation, UNGEI

Session 9: Summary of discussions, recommendations and next steps

Symposium Rapporteur - Ruth Kagia, Sector Director, Education, HDNED, World Bank 





Andreas SchleicherAndreas Schleicher is Head of the Indicators and Analysis Division of the OECD Directorate for Education. In this role, he is responsible for the development and analysis of benchmarks on the performance of education systems, which includes the management of the OECD Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) and the OECD Education Indicators Program (INES). Before joining the OECD in 1994, he was Director for analysis at the International Association for Educational Achievement (IEA). He studied Physics in Germany and received a degree in Mathematics and Statistics in Australia. He is an honorary professor at the University of Heidelberg.

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Alfons Ibrahim HannaMr. Alfons Ibrahim Hanna is the Senior Education Economies Advisor at Egypt's Ministry of Education. He is also the Head of Procurement & Finance for the Education Reform Projects at the Ministry of Education, Egypt. During his career, he has contributed his financial and economic expertise to many education projects and studies conducted by the Ministry of Education. Ha was also the Secretary General of Ain Shams University, Cairo until 1996.

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Carol Oâ??LaughlinCarol Michaels O’Laughlin is the Group Vice President for Empowerment and Civic Engagement at Winrock International. She has devoted 35+ years to international development and relations working with not for profit, public and private sector organizations. Among her areas of specialization are women empowerment; education and youth leadership; employment and micro-enterprise development; grassroots development; institutional development and corporate social responsibility. Until December 2004 Carol was Executive Director of Global Alliance for Workers and Communities, a tri-sector initiative to improve the lives and prospects of workers, mostly young women, in the global supply chain. Other positions include: Vice President for Partner Development and Grants, International Youth Foundation; senior foundation representative, Inter-American Foundation; and International Affairs and Grassroots Development Officer, Lilly Endowment.

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Dr. Changu Mannathoko, UNICEF Senior Education Adviser, came to New York from the UNICEF Regional Office of Eastern and Southern Africa in Nairobi, where she worked as the Regional Education Adviser from 2000 to March, 2006. Her work focuses on gender and education, HIV and AIDS in the education sector, capacity development and child friendly schools. She has also worked on life-skills education, rights-based approach to programming, violence in and around schools, education in conflict situations, and early childhood development. Prior to joining UNICEF, she spent 14 years as a senior university academic as well as carrying out consultancies for governments and international agencies such as UNDP, UNICEF and the Southern Africa Development Community. Whilst at the University of Botswana, she was responsible for establishing a regional course on Gender and Development for Southern Africa.

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Cheryl Gregory FayeCheryl Gregory Faye is the Head of the UNGEI Secretariat. Prior to this, she was the Representative of the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), Gambia. She also served as Program Officer in UNICEF Cameroon, where she worked on a broad range of programs to improve the status of children and women. Cheryl has a bachelor’s degree in Anthropology from the University of Pennsylvania, and a master’s degree in West African Area Studies from the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. She also pursued postgraduate studies in applied linguistics and the Serer language and is completing a public policy and advocacy course at Maastricht University, the Netherlands.

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Claudia PirasClaudia Piras is a Social Development Specialist at the Inter-American Development Bank. Her work at the IDB has focused on the areas of gender, labor markets and reform of social service delivery systems in Latin America. She has both research and policy experience in gender and labor issues in Latin America. She recently edited the book "Women at Work: Challenges for Latin América". Before joining the IDB she headed the research department of the competition agency in Venezuela and taught microeconomics at Universidad Catolica Andres Bello and Universidad Central de Venezuela. She holds a master's degree in Economic Policy Management from Columbia University and a MBA from IESA, Venezuela.

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Dr. Codou DiawDr. Codou Diaw is the Executive Director of the Forum for African Women Educationalists (FAWE), a Pan African NGO engaged in the promotion of girls’ education and gender equity in education in Sub Saharan Africa. She has worked as Deputy Program Director for Education at JICA’s Regional Office in Dakar and as a consultant with the UNESCO-BREDA, the World Bank and Femmes Africa Solidarité. Dr. Diaw has published in African Education: Sociological Perspectives and the Language, Literacy and Culture Review. In 2003, she received a Woodrow Wilson Dissertation Fellowship in Women's Studies for "original and significant research on women's issues that crosses disciplinary, regional and cultural boundaries". Dr. Diaw is a member of the Comparative and International Education Society (CIES) and of SisterMentors, dedicated to women writing their Ph.D. and disadvantaged girls in middle-school.

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Cream WrightCream Wright is the Chief of Education in the Program Division at the United Nations Children's Fund. Dr. Wright has also acted as Director of the Human Resource Development Division (Education and Health Departments) of the Commonwealth Secretariat, London and Director of the Centre for Research in the Education of Secondary Teachers at Milton Margai Teachers College in Sierra Leone, where he managed the teacher education program and the development of research proposals for international funding. Dr. Wright received his PhD in Education in Developing Countries from the University of London Institute of Education.

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Cynthia B. LloydCynthia B. Lloyd is a senior associate with the Poverty, Gender, and Youth program and chair of the Bixby Fellowship program at the Population Council. She serves on the National Research Council's Committee on Population and chaired the NAS Panel on Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries and edited the panel's 2005 report,Growing Up Global: The Changing Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries. Her fields of expertise include transitions to adulthood, children's schooling, gender and population issues, and household and family demography in developing countries. Lloyd has worked on these issues extensively in Ghana, Egypt, Kenya, Pakistan, and other developing countries as well as comparatively. Recent research has concentrated on school quality in developing countries and the relationship between school quality, school attendance, and transitions to adulthood. She has M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in economics from Columbia University.

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Danny LeipzigerDanny Leipziger is the Vice President for Poverty Reduction and Economic Management (PREM) and Head of the PREM Network at the World Bank. In this capacity he provides strategic leadership and direction to Regional PREM units as well as groups working on economic policy formulation in the area of growth and poverty, debt, trade, gender, and public sector management and governance.  He also lead the Bank’s first ($3 billion) economic recovery loan for Korea in 1997, managed the program of bank restructuring in Argentina in 1995, and initiated economic dialogue with Vietnam in 1989-1990. Previously, Dr. Leipziger was an economic advisor to the Secretary of State. He was also Adjunct Professor, Graduate School of International Economics and Finance, Brandeis University. He has authored several books on Korea and East Asia, including Lessons from East Asia (University of Michigan, 1997), Preventing Banking Crises (1998), Korea: Transition to Maturity (1988), and Chile: Policy Lessons (1999).

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Deon FilmerDeon Filmer is a Senior Economist in the Development Research Group (Human Development and Public Services Team). He received his Ph.D. in Economics from Brown University after which he joined the research group at the World Bank. He was core team member of the 2004 World Development Report, "Making Services Work for Poor People." His research focuses on inequalities in education and health outcomes, education and health service delivery, and evaluation of the impact of interventions and programs.

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Donald A.P. BundyDonald A.P. Bundy is the World Bank’s Lead Specialist on School Health, Nutrition and HIV/AIDS & Education. Before joining the World Bank, he was Professor of Epidemiology at Oxford University, and is currently a visiting professor at George Washington University and Imperial College, London.  Since 1978, he has worked in the field of international child health and was the founder of the Partnership for Child Development.  Don has been a pioneer in raising the profile of school health on the agendas of Governments, Ministries, and other partners and contributed to the development of the FRESH Framework.  He was instrumental in the development of the UNAIDS Inter Agency Task Team for Education working group to “Accelerate the Education Sector Response to HIV/AIDS”.  Since 2002, the initiative has worked with over 40 countries in SSA and Asia and the Caribbean to strengthen the education sector response covering issues such as policy, planning, prevention and OVC.

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Eija PehuEija Pehu is the Senior Adviser at the Agriculture and Rural Development Department, at the World Bank. She has worked on diverse issues such as the role of ICT for women in rural areas, and bio-safety. She was previously president of Unicrop Ltd, a Finnish biotech company, and in 1999 was issued a patent on virus-resistant transgenic plants.

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Emily HannumEmily Hannum is Assistant Professor of Sociology at the University of Pennsylvania, where she is affiliated with the Population Studies Center, the Graduate School of Education, and the Center for East Asian Studies. Her work in China focuses on social stratification, schooling, and children and youth. This work includes studies of gender, ethnic, and geographic disparities in schooling and labor market outcomes, rural teachers and their links to student outcomes, and children’s and adolescents’ welfare under market reforms. She has also written about the sources and consequences of educational stratification in developing countries.

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Eric HanushekEric Hanushek is the Paul and Jean Hanna Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution of Stanford University. He is an expert on educational policy, specializing in the economics and finance of schools. He is a member of the National Academy of Education and an elected fellow of the International Academy of Education and of the Society of Labor Economists. He was awarded the Fordham Prize for Distinguished Scholarship in 2004. Eric is also chairman of the Executive Committee for the Texas Schools Project at the University of Texas at Dallas. He serves as a member of the Board of Directors of the National Board for Education Sciences and is a member of the Governor’s Advisory Committee on Education Excellence in California. He is a Distinguished Graduate of the United States Air Force Academy and holds a Ph.D. in economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

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Felipe BarreraFelipe Barrera is Senior Education Economist at the Human Development Network in the World Bank since June 2006. He is currently working on the analysis of the impact of different educational programs on learning outcomes, including conditional cash transfers, reduction in user fees, financial support to schools, and public-private partnerships, among others. Prior to joining the Bank, Mr. Barrera was deputy director of the think thank Fedesarrollo, Colombia. He holds a Ph.D. degree from University of Maryland, College Park.

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Geeta KingdonGeeta Kingdon is Professor of Education and International Development at the Institute of Education, London University, and was until recently a Research Fellow at the Department of Economics, University of Oxford. She lectures in Development Economics and her research interests include Economics of Education, Labour Economics and the Economics of Happiness. Her work is mostly based on micro-econometric analysis of survey data and has been published in the Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, World Development, Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Labour Economics, Applied Economics, Economics of Education Review, Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Economic Development and Cultural Change, Journal of Development Studies, Journal of African Economies, African Development Review, Education Economics, and the Review of Development Economics. She is on the Editorial Board of three academic journals and does extensive academic refereeing as well as advisory work for governments and donor agencies.

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Gene SperlingGene Sperling is Director of the Center for Universal Education at the Council on Foreign Relations and serves as U.S. chair of the Global Campaign for Education. Previously, Mr. Sperling served as National Economic Advisor to President Clinton and as a deputy national economic advisor. He co-authored What Works in Girls’ Education: Evidence and Policies from the Developing World and has written essays calling for a strong global compact on education in such publications as Foreign Affairs, New York Times, Washington Post, Financial Times and the IMF Quarterly: Finance and Development He was a member of the UN Millennium Task Force on Gender Equality and Education, the Education Expert Group of the World Economic Forum’s Global Governance Initiative, and currently serves as a member of the FTI Task Team on Education in Fragile States and as a member of the Advisory Board for the Gates Foundation/Hewlett Partnership on Quality Education.

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Mohammed Haneef AtmarMohammed Haneef Atmar is the Minister of Education for the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. He is committed to ensuring access to quality education for all. Prior to being sworn in as the Minister of Education in May 2006, Atmar was Minister of Rural Rehabilitation & Development in President Karzai’s cabinet from 2002-2005. Atmar has authored numerous publications on humanitarian aid in Afghanistan, analyzing aid effectiveness before the term became fashionable. Atmar is also a member of an eight-member Presidential Oversight Committee that guides the development of national strategies and tracks implementation of the Afghanistan Compact. He has a Master in Public Policy and International Relations, from the University of York, United Kingdom.

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Harry Anthony PatrinosHarry Anthony Patrinos is Lead Education Economist at the World Bank. He specializes in all areas of education, especially school-based management, demand-side financing and public-private partnerships. He has published more than 40 journal articles, and co-authored several books, including: Policy Analysis of Child Labor: A Comparative Study (St. Martin’s, 1999), Decentralization of Education: Demand-Side Financing (World Bank, 1997), and Indigenous People and Poverty in Latin America: An Empirical Analysis with George Psacharopoulos (World Bank/Ashgate, 1994). He is one of the main authors of the report, Lifelong Learning in the Global Knowledge Economy (World Bank, 2003). Dr. Patrinos previously worked as an economist at the Economic Council of Canada. He has a Ph.D. from the University of Sussex.

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Dr. Jackie KirkDr. Jackie Kirk is a specialist in education in emergencies, post-emergency and fragile states, with a particular focus on gender, and on teacher-related issues. She is an Education Advisor to the International Rescue Committee (IRC), and a Research Associate/Consultant at McGill University. With extensive field work experience in a range of country contexts, she is particularly interested in the gender dynamics of schooling in emergencies, and in the promotion of gender equality in and through educational transformation. Jackie is the convener of the Gender Task Team of the Inter-Agency Network for Education in Emergencies (INEE) and has written widely on related topics.

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Joy PhumaphiJoy Phumaphi is the Vice President and Head of the Human Development Network at the World Bank. Joy, a Botswana national, has served in the National Parliament of Botswana, and as a representative to the Southern African Development Community. She entered the Cabinet with responsibility for lands and housing and developed the first national housing policy. Joy subsequently served as Minister for Health where she restructured the ministry to focus on results while overseeing revision of the Public Health Act and putting a multi-sectoral plan to combat HIV/AIDS into action. In 2003, Joy joined the World Health Organization as the Assistant Director General for Family and Community Health Department. She is in the Board of GAVI. She has served as a member of the UN Reference Group on Economics and a UN Commissioner on HIV/AIDS and Governance. She is a member of the UNDP advisory board for Africa and the AAI.

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Katherine M. Blakeslee is the Director of the Office of Women in Development at the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). She is also coordinator for USAID’s work in combating trafficking in persons. She has been a member of the U.S. Delegation to the Commission on the Status of Women and currently serves on the Bureau of the Network for Gender Equality (OECD/DAC). Prior to her current position, Ms. Blakeslee represented the United States on the Task Force on Conflict, Peace and Development Cooperation at the OECD/DAC from l995 to l999. Since entering USAID as a career officer, Ms. Blakeslee has held several posts in the Bureau for Policy and Program Coordination, including Associate Assistant Administrator and Director of the Office of Policy Development and Program Review.

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Katherine NamudduKatherine Namuddu is associate director of the Rockefeller Foundation's Africa Regional Program and is based in Kenya. She was previously senior scientist for African Initiatives. She has a track record in consulting, teaching, research and directing projects aimed at strengthening all levels of African education. She holds a B.Sc from Makerere University and Ed.D, M.Sc and master's degrees from Teacher's College, Columbia University.

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Lucia FORTLucia Fort, a Senior Gender Specialist in the Gender and Development Group of the World Bank, works on facilitating the integration of a gender perspective into Bank programs and operations. This includes developing guidelines and tools; providing training and technical assistance; integrating the gender dimension into monitoring and evaluation; and monitoring the progress in mainstreaming gender issues into the Bank’s work.  She also leads the effort to develop and improve the Bank’s knowledge (and web site) about sex-disaggregated and gender-sensitive statistics and indicators.  Ms. Fort, a Peruvian citizen with a PhD in Sociology, is an expert on gender and family issues, social and economic inequality, macro social issues, survey research, national level statistics, and cross national research on gender.  Her experience with integrating a gender dimension into operations in the field covers four regions and numerous countries.

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Michael KremerMichael Kremer is the Gates Professor of Developing Societies in the Department of Economics, Harvard University and Senior Fellow at the Brookings Institution. He is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, a recipient of a MacArthur Fellowship and a Presidential Faculty Fellowship, and was named a Young Global Leader by the World Economic Forum. Kremer’s recent research examines education and health in developing countries, immigration, and globalization. He and Rachel Glennerster published “Strong Medicine: Creating Incentives for Pharmaceutical Research on Neglected Diseases”, which won the Association of American Publishers Award for the Best Professional/Scholarly Book in Medical Science in 2004. He is a 2005 recipient of the International Health Economics Association’s Kenneth J. Arrow Award for Best Paper in Health Economics. In 2006, Scientific American named him one of the 50 researchers of the year.

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Marlaine LockheedMarlaine Lockheed is a Visiting Fellow at the Center for Global Development, having retired from the World Bank in 2004, where she served as Education Sector Manager and Acting Director of Education. In her final assignment, Dr. Lockheed was Evaluation Manager for the World Bank Institute, reporting to the WBI Vice-President. Before joining the Bank, Dr. Lockheed was Principal Research Scientist at Educational Testing Service and visiting professor at Stanford University, University of Texas, and Princeton University. Since retirement, she has taught courses on education policy and development at Harvard University and the Woodrow Wilson School of Princeton University, where she is currently a visiting lecturer in public and international policy.

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Maureen LewisMaureen Lewis is the Acting Chief Economist for Human Development at the World Bank. Much of her research, publications and policy work examine governance and corruption concerns in the social sectors, particularly health. She was formerly a Senior Fellow at the Center for Global Development for two years and prior to that managed a unit in the World Bank dedicated to economic policy and human development research and programs in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. Before joining the World Bank, she established and directed the International Health and Demographic Policy Unit at the Urban Institute. She has published dozens of articles in peer-reviewed journals on a range of topics in the social sectors. She earned her Ph.D. at Johns Hopkins University.

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May A. RihaniMay A. Rihani is a Senior Vice President of the Academy for Educational Development (AED) and Director of the AED Global Learning Group. She is responsible for educational reform programs in several African and Middle East countries, and focuses on ensuring gender equity in AED’s educational projects and social development programs. She has designed, planned, and managed cross-cutting gender programs and girls’ education projects in Afghanistan, Benin, Congo, Egypt, Ghana, Guinea, Jordan, Mali, Malawi, Morocco, Niger, Pakistan, Qatar, and Yemen. These projects have been funded by USAID, the World Bank, the Netherlands AID, the Mosaic Foundation, UNFPA, UNICEF, and the Supreme Educational Council in Qatar.

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Mayra BuvinicMayra Buvinic, a Chilean national and internationally respected expert on gender and social development, is the Bank's senior spokesperson on gender and development issues. Before joining the Bank in 2005, she was Chief of the Social Development Division at the Inter-American Development Bank and the IDB's Special Advisor on Violence Prevention. Prior to this, she was a founding member and President of the International Center for Research on Women (ICRW).

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Mercy TEMBONMercy Tembon, a Cameroon national, is a Senior Education Specialist at the World Bank. She moved to the Human Development Network (HDNED) in June of 2004 to lead the World Bank’s work on Girls’ Education. She manages World Bank funded Education projects and programs in developing countries and more specifically in West and Central Africa. Ms. Tembon’s professional and academic interests include educational policy, planning and management, gender, teacher education, assessment and science education. She has written many papers on gender and education as well as educational financing. Prior to joining the Bank, she was a Research Officer at the Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex. Ms. Tembon also served as a tutor for government teacher training at the Ministry of National Education in her home country. Ms. Tembon has a doctorate in Economics of Education from the Institute of Education at the University of London.

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Ms. Michelle AkpoMs. Michelle Akpo has more than 13 years of experience in international education with an emphasis on girls’ education. Her experience has been focused on results-oriented project management in the areas of girls’ education, women empowerment and youth development. She currently serves as Project Director in the Center for Gender Equity at the Academy for Educational Development (AED). She provides technical direction to four programs implemented in Africa in the areas of girls’ education and gender equity. The primary goals of these projects are to improve girls’ education, the quality of learning, and the quality of teaching. Prior to joining AED, Ms. Akpo worked for World Learning, IYF and USAID Mission in Benin where she served as Technical Officer for various girls’ education programs. Ms. Akpo was born and raised in Benin.

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Mohsen AbbassDr. Mohsen Abbass is a senior consultant as well as the Secondary Education Enhancement Project Manager for the Ministry of Education, Egypt. Prior to accepting this position, Dr. Abbass was the Monitoring and Evaluation Specialist for the Education Reform Projects in Egypt. He is also an Assistant Professor and Coordinator of English Language Teaching at Helwan University (Cairo). Dr. Abbass has a doctorate from Ain Shams University, Cairo.

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Nancy BirdsallNancy Birdsall is the founding president of the Center for Global Development. Prior to launching the center, Birdsall served for three years as Senior Associate and Director of the Economic Reform Project at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Her work at Carnegie focused on issues of globalization and inequality, as well as on the reform of the international financial institutions. From 1993 to 1998, Birdsall was Executive Vice-President of the Inter-American Development Bank. Prior to that, Birdsall spent 14 years in research, policy, and management positions at the World Bank, most recently as Director of the Policy Research Department. She is the author, co-author, or editor of more than a dozen books and monographs. She has also written more than 75 articles for books and scholarly journals published in English and Spanish. Shorter pieces of her writing have appeared in dozens of U.S. and Latin American newspapers and periodicals.

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Nazmul ChauhduryNazmul Chauhdury is a Senior Economist with the South Asia region of the World Bank. Nazmul is engaged in various operational and research work in the education sector involving conditional cash transfers programs to target excluded groups, improving school quality, and integrating impact evaluations into Bank operations. Nazmul was previously at the Research Group of the World Bank and a member of the World Development Report 2004 "Making Services Work for Poor People". Before joining the Bank, Nazmul was an Economist at the World Research Institute. Nazmul holds a Ph.D. in Economics and a Ph.D. in Environmental Policy.

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Penina Mlama is the Executive Director of the Forum for African Women Educationalists, FAWE, a Pan African Non Governmental Organization engaged in the promotion of gender equality in education in Sub Sahara Africa. She is also a Professor of Theatre Arts at the University Of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Penina’s interest in the application of theatre for improving lives is experienced in her work, such as the now widely acclaimed theatre for development model: TUSEME (Kiswahili word for Le us speak out) for empowerment of youth. She has also served on numerous boards, including the International Association for Children and Young People, Commonwealth of Learning, and the Plan International Education Advisory Board. Penina is also a playwright with eight published Kiswahili plays. She has authored over 30 articles on performing arts, education, gender and other development concerns, and the book “Culture and development, the Theatre for development approach ( Upsalla:1999)”.

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Phillip HayPhillip Hay is the Communications Advisor for the Human Development Network, helping to raise the profile and proven impact of human development issues such as health, nutrition and population, HIV/AIDS, and education in the global and national media, and within the Bank’s own development community. He also works closely with key partners such as civil society, UN agencies, governments and the private sector, and others to advance the human development agenda. Mr. Hay is a former BBC Special Correspondent and veteran commentator on international affairs.

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Dr. Rasha Saad SharafDr. Rasha Saad Sharaf is the Director of the Strategic Planning Unit at the Ministry of Higher Education in Egypt. She has provided consultations and training in numerous topics related to education among which strategic planning, programs and projects, quality assurance, gender issues and teacher education. Her research interests include higher education planning, policy studies, higher education reform, comparative education and education administration. Rasha has a Ph.D. in Comparative Education and Educational Administration from Helwan University, Egypt.

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Ruth KagiaRuth Kagia, a Kenyan national, is the Education Sector Director, Human Development Network at the World Bank. She has also served as a HD Sector Manager in the Africa region and Director for Strategy and Operations in the Human Development Network anchor. In her current position, Mrs. Kagia has provided strategic oversight and coordination of the Bank's education sector staffing and sector work program. She has also led the implementation of the MDG agenda on education including the establishment of the EFA- fast track initiative as well as the preparation of several policy and strategic documents in education including reports on secondary education, education in post-conflict countries, education and economic growth, and has recently edited a book on the key development achievements of the World Bank 1995-2005.

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Dr. Sakena YacoobiDr. Sakena Yacoobi is Executive Director of the Afghan Institute of Learning (AIL), a women-led NGO that has worked to promote human rights and women’s education in Afghanistan since 1995. She is also the co-founder and Vice-President of Creating Hope International, a Michigan-based non-profit organization. She has received numerous awards in recognition of her work, including the 2005 Democracy Award, the 2004 Women’s Rights Prize of the Peter Gruber Foundation, and the 2003 Peacemakers in Action Award. Sakena was also one of the 1,000 women nominated to jointly receive the 2005 Nobel Peace Prize. She is a member of the Board of Directors of Global Fund for Women, as well as an advisor to Women’s Learning Partnership (WLP). She is a member and past steering committee member of the Agency Coordinating Body for Afghan Relief. Her efforts have also recently been recognized by the Ministry of Education, Afghanistan.

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Tazeen FasihTazeen Fasih is a Human Development Economist in the Human Development Network at the World Bank and works on various aspects of economics of education, in particular, education-labor market linkages, school-based management and demand-side financing in education. Tazeen Fasih holds a PhD in Economics from the University of London.

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Yaw AnsuYaw Ansu, a Ghanaian national, is the Sector Director for Human Development of the Africa Region. In this position, he provides a strategic vision for the Region’s work in the areas of education, health, nutrition and population, and social protection; oversees an analytical and operational work program to effectively pursue the sector’s goals, including the applicable Millennium Development Goals; and leads and motivates staff and the Sector Leadership Group. Prior to taking this position, he was the Director of Economic Policy in the Poverty Reduction and Economic Management (PREM) Network for two years. Earlier, Mr. Ansu was Country Director for Zambia and Zimbabwe, and before that of Nigeria. He has also been an Economic Advisor in the Office of the Senior Vice-President Development Economics and Chief Economist of the Bank. Mr. Ansu joined the Bank in 1984 as an Economist in the Development Research Department, Development Strategy Division.

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