Given the complexity of this issue, there is no single indicator that can capture the transition of youth into the labor markets. There are various levels of indicators that are needed for a comprehensive diagnosis of school-to-work transition issues. Using the recommendations in WDR 2007 as a basis for identifying the various indicators needed for a comprehensive approach, a graphical framework can conceptualize the various actors and different levels at which the education-labor market interaction takes place and where it has an impact on outcomes. Such frameworks have been developed for high income countries (OECD 2000) but might be of limited relevance to a low income country where often, there is a lack of strongly specified minimum age for work laws as well as a high drop-out rate and low enrollment rate at all levels of education.
School-to-work transition indicators draw both from education as well as labor markets and the interaction of the two, so are very demanding in terms of data requirements. Cross country comparisons is a major issue as the national contexts differ greatly by culture, macro-economic context as well as the political context.
Expected years as well as percentage of youth in education and not in education by work status (employed, unemployed, not in labor force)
Trends in percentage of youth in education and not in education by work status
Unemployment to population ratio, 15-19 and 20-24 year-olds
Labor force participation rates age 15-24
Not in labor force and not in education, 15-24 year olds
Enterprise Surveys - collect information about the business environment, how it is perceived by individual firms, how it changes over time, and about the various constraints to firm performance and growth.