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Education Resilience Approaches - Links

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Links to Resilience Related Literature

Benard, B. 2004. Resiliency: What We have Learned. San Francisco: WestEd.

Boyden, J. 2003. “Children under fire: Challenging assumptions about children’s resilience.” Children, Youth and Environments 13(1).

Clemens, E.V. 2006. “Counseling adolescent students affected by the war in Iraq: using history as a guide.” Professional School Counseling, The Free Library (April 1). adolescent students affected by the war in Iraq: using...-a0144762549

Daud, A., B. af Klinteberg, and P.A. Rydelius. 2008. “Resilience and vulnerability among refugee children of traumatized and non-traumatized parents.” Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health (2)7.

Gizir and Aydin (2009): Gizir, C.A., and G. Aydin. 2009.  “Protective factors contributing to the academic resilience of students living in poverty in Turkey.” Professional School Counseling 13(1): 38-49.

Glad, M., and W. Hakim. 2009. “Knowledge on Fire: Attacks on education in Afghanistan (draft).” Study conducted by Care on Behalf of the World Bank with the assistance of CoAR.

Luthar, S. 1991. “Vulnerability and Resilience: A Study of High Risk Adolescents.” Child Development 62(3): 600-616.

Luthar, Cichetti, and Becker (2000): Luthar, S.S., D. Cicchetti, and B. Becker. 2000. “The construct of resilience: A critical evaluation and guidelines for future work.” Child Development 71(3): 543-562.

Paton, J., R.P. Weissberg, J. Durlak, R. Taylor, K. Schellinger, and M. Pachan. 2008. The positive impact of social and emotional learning for kindergarten to eight-grade students. Collaborative for Academic, Social and Emotional Learning (CASEL).

Schelble, J.L., B.A. Franks, and M.D. Miller. 2010. “Emotion Dysregulation and Academic Resilience in Maltreated Children.” Child and Youth Care Forum. _in_Maltreated_Children/file/79e4150210f1905a9f.pdf

Stolker, R. J. M.; Karydas, D. M.; Rouvroye, J. L. (2009).  A Comprehensive Approach to Assess Operational Resilience. Eindhoven University of Technology,  Eindhoven, Netherlands. Retrieved from

Veale, A. 2010. Individual through community resilience in social reintegration of children associated with armed forces and groups. London: Coalition to Stop the Use of Child soldiers.

Werner, E. 1990.  “Protective Factors and Individual Resilience.”  In S. J. S. Meisels (ed.), Handbook of Childhood Intervention. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Additional Assessment Tools

Resilience Component 1: Risk and adversity assessment

Resilience Component 2: Assets and engagement tools

  • Youth and children resilience measures: Paper describes 38 tools that assess aspects of resilience, life strengths, hardiness and protective/risk factors
    Source: Kordich Hall, D. 2010. “Compendium of Selected Resilience and Related Measures for Children and Youth”. In Reaching IN… Reaching OUT. Toronto: The Child and Family Partnership.

  • Resilience tools critique: Paper assesses 15 tools that measure resilience
    Source: Windle, G., K.M. Bennet, and J. Noyes. 2011. “A Methodological Review of Resilience Measurement Scales”. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes. 9(8):1-18.

  • Community Development Toolkit: Outlines 17 tools for the assessment, planning, management and evaluation of community development
    Source: The World Bank

Resilience Component 3: Relevant school services tools

  • Socioemotional learning of preschool through elementary school measurements: Paper assesses 9 tools that measure social and emotional learning, aspects of the learning context and learning behaviors
    Source: Denham, S., P. Ji, and B. Hamre. 2010. Compendium of Preschool Through Elementary School Socio-Emotional Learning and Associated Measures. Denham, Susanne A., Peter Ji, and Bridget Hamre. Compendium of Preschool Through Elementary School Social-Emotional Learning and Associated Assessment Measures. Chicago: The Collaborative for Academic, Social and Emotional Learning.

  • Collection of socioemotional measurement tools: List of 15 tools to measure and assess school socioemotional learning practices, school climate, and child and youth needs and outcomes
    Source: Collaborative for Academic, Social and Emotional Learning

  • STEP (Stepping Up More Jobs for Higher Productivity): A conceptual framework for thinking about system design for skills development
    Source: The World Bank

Resilience Component 4: Aligned Education Systems

Ethics Guidelines and Training Manuals

  • Research Ethics Training Curriculum (RETC): Online training program to design or implement research that includes human participants, or conduct reviews of the ethical aspects of research.
    Source: FHI 360°

  • Protecting Human Research Participants Course: Online training program on protecting research participants offered in English or Spanish.
    Source: National Institute of Health Office of Extramural Research




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