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Workshop on Strategy for the New University - Kazakhstan


About the Workshop

In 2006 the Republic of Kazakhstan declared that a key goal of the country was to become one of the world's 50 most competitive economies by 2015. This goal, while challenging, is within the realm of possibility for Kazakhstan given that Kazakhstan is ranked 56 on the World Economic Forum (WEF) Global Competitiveness Index (GCI) - not far from the top 50. Nevertheless, higher education Kazakhstan currently ranks at number 51 whereas on innovation, another pillar, its ranking is 70th. This breakdown offers insight into areas were Kazakhstan will have to make the most far-reaching reforms in its higher education and national innovation systems to achieve its objective by 2015. As part of the agenda of achieving the status as one of the 50 most competitive economies, the Republic of Kazakhstan is developing a new scientific and education complex entitled the New University in Astana. The goal behind the development of this new institution is to establish a university which will be part of elite universities worldwide that lead the way in excellence in education and research that are critical in incubating knowledge economies.

In the last decade Kazakhstan has seen the growth of its higher education sector with an expansion of existing institutions and increased number of newly established private universities. Currently there are 177 universities in Kazakhstan, 68 public and 109 private with 5 branches of Russian universities. In 2004/2005 there were approximately 750,000 students enrolled in higher education out of a population of over 15 million. Kazakhstan has entered the Bologna process and the government has prioritized international accreditation of universities, institutional capacity building, and greater access of tertiary education to overcome regional inequalities. Kazakhstan's legacy from the former USSR is a strong one. In 1990, Kazakhstan was an important part of the Soviet scientific research community and is the most industrialized of the former Soviet republics in Central Asia. The first decade of transition saw the higher education sector suffer but since 2000 the Government has given this sector increasing priority on its agenda. The country has high levels of literacy (97%) and has achieved near universal primary education. Eleven years of schooling are mandatory for children between the ages of 6 and 17. In 2005 participation rates stood at 99.3% for 7 to 10 years old, 99.8% for 11 to 15 years old, and 86.7% for 16 to 17 years old. All education from primary to tertiary is free or financed by grants provided by the government.

The challenge for Kazakhstan is to modernize its higher education sector particularly if the New University is to deliver on its ambitious objectives. The challenge is to ensure that the New University is launched and administered under an institutional structure which offers the dividends from a knowledge economy. This requires developing a modern administrative structure, innovative curricula, quality assurance practices, rules of engagement for universities and industry, as well as twinning arrangements with top-rate universities around the world. The challenge is particularly imminent as the first students admissions to the New University are expected in 2009.

This workshop is being led by the World Bank to provide the global knowledge necessary for the successful design and implementation of the New University within the broader development of a National Higher Education Strategy. This goal is to help the New University develop a clear, strong governance structure, financing plan, quality assurance framework, and internationalization strategy.

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Day 2

8:00 - 8:30Coffee
8:30 - 9:00Welcome and Self Introductions of New University Steering Committee Members and World Bank Team
9:00 - 10:00Presentation of the New University Project Concept, Progress of Implementation to Date, and Future Actions Anticipated
Kazakhstan New University Steering Committee
10:00 - 11:00World-Class Universities
Jamil Salmi
11:00 - 11:30Coffee
11:30 - 11:45SWOT Analysis: Explanation of Methodology
Richard Hopper
11:45 - 1:00SWOT Analysis: Application of SWOT Analysis for Transforming the New University of Kazakhstan in to a World-Class University
World Bank Team
1:00 - 2:00Lunch
2:00 - 3:00Governance and Management for a World-Class University
John Fielden
3:00 - 4:00SWOT Analysis: Application of SWOT Analysis to Governance and Management Issues for the New University of Kazakhstan
World Bank Team
4:00 - 4:30Coffee
4:30 - 5:30Olin College of Engineering: Lessons of Experience in launching an Innovative World-Class University from Inception
Richard Miller
5:30 - 6:00Discussion
7:30 - 8:30Dinner

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DAY 2 
9:00 - 10:00Higher School of Economics of Russia: Lessons from Experience in Transforming an Existing Institution into a World-Class University
Isak Froumin
10:00 - 10:30Coffee
10:30 - 12:30Finalizing the SWOT Analysis
World Bank Team
12:30 - 2:00Lunch
2:00 - 3:00Internationalization Strategies
John Fielden
3:00 - 4:30Addressing Issues Identified Through the SWOT Exercise
New University Steering Committee
4:30 - 5:00Coffee
5:00 - 6:00Wrap-up Session: Mapping the Road Ahead

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Speaker Biographies

John Fielden, Consultant
John Fielden has practised as a management consultant in higher education policy and management since 1969. He current runs Commonwealth Higher Education Management Services (CHEMS) Consulting as an independent consultancy and has carried out over 250 higher education projects in over 40 countries. He is specialist in HE policy studies for agencies and governments, governance issues, management development, business plans for innovations in higher education and program evaluations. His international clients have included the World Bank, UNESCO, British Council and many education ministries and universities throughout the world. His work for the World Bank has focused on higher education reform and the relationship between universities and the State. His recent work for the World Bank has included work on China managing relationships between universities and the State; for Bangladesh he helped as project coordinator of a major strategic planning exercise which produced a higher education strategy for the next 20 years; on a current project in Sri Lanka, he is helping the government develop a national five year strategy for the higher education sector particularly focusing on governance structure for higher education; for Russia he wrote a Technical Note describing the main changes globally in the relationship between governments and universities as regards reporting and control. He has also recently produced a publication entitled Global Trends in University Governance for the World Bank as Education Working Paper series. In the last five years he has acted as coordinator or participant in a series of World Bank Higher Education Reform Regional Workshops in Dhaka, Bangkok, Kuala Lumpur and Bangalore.

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Isak Froumin, Senior Education Specialist, Europe and Central Asia Region
Professor Isak Froumin is a Senior Education Specialist in the World Bank. He is based in Moscow and he is leading the World Bank education program in Russia. This program includes support for reform of higher education, introduction of information technologies into education, textbook production reform and school restructuring. He is a member of education expert group for the President of the Russia Federation. His World Bank experience also includes projects in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Afghanistan, Nepal, Turkmenistan and India. Since March 2008 he is also strategic development advisor for the University - Higher School of Economics (HSE) in Moscow. As an advisor he is supervising strategic planning and internationalization of the university. Before joining the World Bank in 1999 he was a principal of a laboratory schools and the director of Institute of Experimental Pedagogy at Krasnoyarsk State University in Siberia. During this period he was a director of a number of international research projects with universities from US, Australia, Netherlands, United Kingdom. He is an editor and author of numerous books and articles on educational reform and theory of education.

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Richard R. Hopper, Senior Education Specialist, Europe and Central Asia Region
With the World Bank since 1999, Dr. Hopper has conducted analytical work on tertiary education reform and was a key contributor to the 2002 report entitled Constructing Knowledge Societies: New Challenges for Tertiary Education. He has overseen stakeholder consultations across South Asia and has also led several large-scale training programs on tertiary education governance, finance and quality. As Task Manager he prepared the Indonesia Managing Higher Education for Relevance and Efficiency (IMHERE) project in 2004, is the program manager for the Global Initiative on Quality Assurance Capacity (GIQAC), as well as task team leader for projects in Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Albania. He received his doctorate from Harvard University and was a Fulbright Scholar at Grameen Bank in Bangladesh, an Aspen Institute Fellow in Washington, DC and a Mombusho Fellow in Japan. Prior to joining the World Bank he directed international twinning arrangements with top universities in the US (Massachusetts Institute of Technology-MIT, Georgetown University, Wesleyan University), and oversaw the launching of the private International Space University with support from MIT, the European Space Agency, and the city of Strasbourg, France.

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Richard Miller, Consultant
Dr. Miller is currently the President of Franklin W. Olin College of Engineering, Massachusetts, USA. Concurrently he holds a professorship in mechanical engineering. Before joining Olin College, he served as Dean of the College of Engineering at the University of Iowa from 1992-99. He spent the previous 17 years on the engineering faculties at the University of Southern California (where he held the position of Associate Dean for Academic Affairs) and the University of California, Santa Barbara. With research interests in earthquake engineering and aerospace structural design, he has served as a consultant to many aerospace companies and directed research programs funded by NSF, NASA, and industry. Dr. Miller has published extensively in the field of applied mechanics, and has won five awards for teaching excellence. He is past chair of the Engineering Advisory Committee at NSF and is currently Chairman of the Association on Independent Technological Universities, a member of the Council on Competitiveness, a member of the Executive Committee of AICUM, and the boards of trustees for two colleges and one corporate governance board. He earned a B.S. in Aerospace Engineering from the University of California, Davis in 1971, and is the recipient of the 2002 Distinguished Engineering Alumnus Award from that institution. He received an S.M. in Mechanical Engineering from MIT in 1972, and a Ph.D. in Applied Mechanics from Caltech in 1976. He is also a member of AIAA, ASCE, ASEE, ASME, Tau Beta Pi, Phi Kappa Phi, and Sigma Xi.

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Reehana Raza, Consultant
Dr. Reehana Raza is an economist with over eight years of experience in the economics of education, specifically in the areas of higher education, workforce development and skills and governance. Her functional specializations are evidence based economic policy, research and economic analysis, and impact evaluations. Dr. Raza is currently a professor of economics at the Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS), Lahore, Pakistan in the Economics Department where her areas of teaching and research relate to the economics of education as well as development economics. Concurrently she also consults for a number of organizations including the World Bank. Her recent assignment include working on The World Bank flagship Closing the Skills Gap: The Role of Education in Supporting Growth and Competitiveness in the ECA Region. Previously she has worked with the Human Development Network on higher education governance issues across countries and in South Asia specifically. Dr. Raza previously has worked on a four year UK DFID funded project on open and distance learning in the tertiary sector in South Asia. The objectives of the assignment were to document outcomes (efficiency, effectiveness, and access) and understand ODL's potential to contribute to skill development. Dr. Raza is a former Commonwealth Scholar and has a MPhil and doctorate in economics from the University of Cambridge, UK.

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Jamil Salmi, Lead Specialist and Coordinator The World Bank's Tertiary Education Professionals
Dr. Jamil Salmi, a Moroccan education economist, is the coordinator of the World Bank's network of tertiary education professionals. Dr. Salmi is the principal author of the Bank's new Tertiary Education Strategy entitled "Constructing Knowledge Societies: New Challenges for Tertiary Education". He was also responsible for the preparation of the World Bank's first Policy Paper on Higher Education "Higher Education: Lessons of Experience". In the past fifteen years, Dr. Salmi has provided policy and technical advice on tertiary education reform to the governments of about 40 countries in Europe, Asia, Africa, and South America. Dr. Salmi has also guided the strategic planning efforts of several public and private universities in China, Colombia, Kenya, Madagascar, Mexico and Peru. Prior to joining the World Bank in December 1986, Dr. Salmi was a professor of education economics at the National Institute of Education Planning in Rabat, Morocco. Dr. Salmi is a graduate of the French Grande Ecole ESSEC. He also holds a Master's degree in Public and International Affairs from the University of Pittsburgh (USA) and a Ph. D. in Development Studies from the University of Sussex (UK). He is the author of five books and numerous articles on higher education and development issues.

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 The Challenge of Creating World-Class Universities
Jamil Salmi, Lead Education Specialist, The World Bank
(Also available in Russian)

 S.W.O.T Analysis for The New University of Astana
Richard Hopper, Senior Education Specialist, Europe and Central Asia Region, The World Bank
(Also available in Russian)

Knowledge Assessment Methodology: Kazakhstan

 Governance and Management for a World Class Institution
John Fielden, CHEMS Consulting, UK
(Also available in Russian)

 Reforming the Existing Universities or Building New Ones
Isak Froumin, Senior Education Specialist, Europe and Central Asia Region, The World Bank
(Also available in Russian)

 From Concept to Reality: Some Challenges in Establishing Olin College
Richard K. Miller, President, Franklin W. Olin College of Engineering
(Also available in Russian)

 Internationalization and the Implications for the New University’s Strategy
John Fielden, CHEMS Consulting, UK
(Also available in Russian)

 Organizational Culture
Richard Hopper, Senior Education Specialist, Europe and Central Asia Region, The World Bank

Reading Materials - Bibliography


Governance Issues in Higher Education

Carlson, Scott. 2008. “Presidents Hear Tips on Choosing Trustees and an Offer on Recruiting Them.” Chronicle of Higher Education, January 8.
Available via the Internet:

Chems. 2004. A Final Report to the CUC on Food Practice in Six Areas of the Governance of Higher Education Institutions. London: CHEMS.
Available via the Internet:

Committee of University Chairs-UK. 2008. “Template for Role Description for Members of University Governing Body.” Committee of University Chairs-UK.
Available via the Internet:

Committee of University Chairs-UK. 2008. “Template for Role Description of Chair of University Governing Body.” Committee of University Chairs-UK.
Available via the Internet:

Fielden, John. 2008. “Global Trends in University Governance.” World Bank Education Paper Series, World Bank, Washington DC. 
[ PDF - 4MB]

Hebel, S. and E. Hoover, 2007. “New York Panel Calls for Overhaul of State’s Higher Education System.” Chronicle of Higher Education, December 17.
Available via the Internet:

Lederman. D. 2008. At U of California, a Systematic Governance Crisis. Inside Higher Ed, March 3.
Available via the Internet:

OECD.2003."Changing Patterns of Governance in Higher Education.” In Education Policy Analysis, 59-78. Paris: OECD.
Available via the Internet:

Salmi, Jamil. 2008. The Growing Accountability Agenda: Progress or Mixed Blessing? Paper presented at OECD’s Outcomes of Higher Education: Quality, relevance and impact Conference, September 8-10, Paris, France.
[ Word - 0.1MB]

Temple, P. R. and G.Petrov. 2004. “Corruption in Higher Education: Some Findings from the States of the Former Soviet Union.” Higher Education Management and Policy, 16 (1): 83-99.
Available via the Internet:

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Financing Issues in Higher Education

Marcucci, P.N. and B.D. Johnstone. 2007. “Tuition Fee Policies in a Comparative Perspective: Theoretical and Political Rationale.” Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management, 29(1): 25-40.
Available via the Internet:

Salmi, J. and A.Hauptman. 2006. Innovations in Tertiary Education and Financing: A Comparative Evaluation of Allocation Mechanisms. World Bank Education Paper Series, World Bank, Washington DC.
[ PDF - 1MB]

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World Class Universities

Bowe, Constance. 2007. The F.W. Olin College of Engineering. Boston: Harvard College.
[ Word - 0.6MB]

Bowe, Constance. 2007. “Dynamic Model of Olin’s Integrated System for Assessment, Evaluation and Decision Making.” Boston: Harvard.
[ Word - 0.1MB]

Leslie, David and Berdahl, Robert. 2008. “The Politics of Restructuring Higher Education in Virginia: a Case Study.” Review of Higher Education, 32 (3):309-328.
Available via Internet:

Miller, R. 2007. “Beyond Study Abroad: Preparing Engineers for a New Global Economy.” Paper presented at ABET Annual Meeting, November 1-2, Incline Village, NV, USA.
[ PDF - 0.1MB]

Olin College. 2002. “Olin College Core Values.” Needhan MA: Olin College
[ Word - 0.1MB]

Olin College. 2002. “Statement of Founding Precept for Frankin W. Olin College of Engineering.” Needhan MA: Olin College
[ Word - 0.1MB]

Olin College. 2000. Invention. Needhan MA: Olin College.
[ Word - 0.1MB]

Salmi, Jamil. 2008. The Challenge of Establishing World-Class Universities. Washington DC: The World Bank.
[ Word - 1.5MB], also available in Russian

Schwartz, John. 2007. “Re-engineering Engineering.” New York Times, September
30. Available via the Internet:

Soete, Luc. 2007. “Notes on UIL-Related Policies of National Governments.” In How Universities Promote Economic Growth, ed. S. Yusuf and K. Nabeshima, 1-25. Washington DC: The World Bank.
[ PDF - 0.8MB]

The General Secretariat of Development Planning & the Qatar Foundation. 2008. Qatar-Draft Action Plan for a Multi-year Knowledge Based Economy Campaign to be Launched During 2008. Doha: General Secretariat of Development Planning.

Yusuf, Shahid. 2007. “University-Industry Links: Policy Dimension.” In How Universities Promote Economic Growth, ed. S. Yusuf and K. Nabeshima, 29-46. Washington DC: The World Bank.
[ PDF - 1.3MB]

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Higher Education in Kazakhstan

McLendon, Michael. 2004. “Straddling Market and State: Higher Education Governance and Finance reform in Kazakhstan.” In The Challenges for Education in Central Asia, ed. S.P. Heyneman and A.P. DeYoung. Greenwich: Information Age Publishing.
Available via the Internet:

OECD and The World Bank. 2007. Higher Education in Kazakhstan: Review of National Policies for Education. Paris: OECD.
[ PDF - 3.3MB]

International Conference on the establishment of the New University in Astana, Kazakhstan
June 2-3, 2008

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Albach, P. and J.Knight. 2006. “The Internationalization of Higher Education: Motivation and Realities.” The NEA 2006 Almanac of Higher Education. Washington DC: National Education Association.
Available via the Internet:

De Wit, H., I.C. Jaramillo, J. Gacel-Avila, and J. Knight. 2005. Higher Education in Latin America: The International Dimension. Washington DC: The World Bank.
[ PDF - 1.6MB]

Fielden, J. 2007. Global Horizon for UK Universities. London: CIHE.
[ PDF - 0.8MB]

McCarthy, J. 2007. “A Roadmap for Creating a Global Campus.” The Chronicle Review 53 (43): B-12.
Available via the Internet:

Neelakantan, S.2008. “In India, Limits on Foreign Universities Lead to Creative Partnerships.” Chronicle of Higher Education. February 8.
Available via the Internet:

Shin, Choon Fong. 2006. “Innovation and Integration in the Changing Global Higher Education Landscape.” Speech given at Public Service Summit @ Nobel Week, December 9, Stockholm, Sweden.
Available via the Internet:

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OECD. 2008. Education & Skills: Higher Education to 2030 (Volume 1): Demography.
Available via the Internet:

OECD. 2008. Education & Skills: Encouraging Student Interest in Science and Technology Studies.
Available via the Internet:

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Participants List

Mr. Farkhad Kuanganov, Executive Secretary, Ministry of Education and Science, Kazakhstan

Mr. Serik Omirbaev, Director, Department of Higher and Postgraduate Education, Ministry of Education and Science, Kazakhstan

Mr. Serik Irsaliyev, Director, Department of Strategy Development and International Cooperation, Ministry of Education and Science, Kazakhstan

Ms. Gulzada Muktarova, Deputy Director, Department of Higher and Postgraduate Education, Ministry of Education and Science, Kazakhstan

Ms. Aida Sagintaeva, President, "Bolashak" Center International Program, Ministry of Education and Science, Kazakhstan

Ms. Bibigul Utepkalieva, Key Expert, Department of Higher and Postgraduate Education, Ministry of Education and Science, Kazakhstan

Mr. Konstantin Khvan, Deputy Head, Department of Construction, Akimat of Astana City, Kazakhstan

Mr. Rskeldin Nurlan, Deputy Chairman, JSC Astana Knowledge City, Kazakhstan

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