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Carbon Capture and Storage: Perspectives for Southern Africa

Introduction |

CCSThe World Bank hosted a workshop on Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) in Johannesburg, South Africa May 31 – June 1 to share the results of a regional study on CCS conducted by the World Bank. The workshop also presented findings and best practice on legal, regulatory, technical and financial issues related to CCS.

The workshop, supported by the World Bank CCS Capacity-Building Trust Fund, featured discussions covering World Bank-performed analytical work and country level work, as well as current and proposed activities of national governments, intergovernmental organizations and research institutes engaged in CCS.

Objectives |

The objectives of this workshop are the following:

  • Present the World Bank Study “Carbon Capture and Storage in Developing Countries: A Perspective on Barriers to Deployment”.

  • Inform potential CCS stakeholders in Southern Africa of recent CCS developments, and the work of national and international organizations, including the UK Department for Energy and Climate Change, the Global CCS Institute, International Energy Agency, and the World Bank, among others.

  • Raise awareness of and prospects for CCS within the region.

  • Promote dialogue and cooperation among stakeholders including government, industry, academia and NGOs on CCS technological, regulatory, financial and institutional aspects.

  • Gauge and stimulate the interest of local communities in CCS.

» Download the final agenda 

Audience  |

  • Industry participants, including the chemical, mining and power sectors.

  • Policymakers and government officials in energy, environment, mining or any other ministry relevant to CCS in the Southern Africa region

  • Representatives from development organizations undertaking projects in the region

  • Representatives from Multilateral Development Banks, intergovernmental organizations and research institutes working on issues relevant to CCS

» Download the list of participants  

Feedback from Workshop  |

  1. How did participants respond to the World Bank Study “Carbon Capture and Storage in Developing Countries: A Perspective on Barriers to Deployment”?

    The presentations on the Bank study were received with interest. The discussion on legal and regulatory frameworks in particular generated a number of questions and the findings were understood and endorsed as needed conditions for creating an enabling environment for CCS development. The discussion on the techno-economic model of CCS potential also led to an engaging discussion and participants were interested to hear that under certain circumstances CCS could be economically competitive in the power sector.

  2. What is the potential for CCS in Southern Africa?

    Some of the presentations from national and international players focused on physical storage capacity and suitability of the technology, demonstrating that with the right incentives, CCS can be economically competitive. Aside from the quantitative studies and models, workshop participants showed interest in CCS as a possible future technology to employ in the region, with South African Department of Energy officials indicating their government’s commitment to the promotion of the technology in the country. Participants also noted the importance of national policies and priorities in determining the future role of CCS, given growing energy deficits in the region and the high cost of CCS.

  3. What are Southern African countries doing to investigate CCS?

    One of the main players in the CCS field in Southern Africa is the South Africa Center for CCS (SACCCS) within the South African National Energy Research Institute (SANERI). The main objective of the SACCCS is to prepare and promote the construction and operation of a safe and reliable CCS Demonstration Plant in South Africa. The Centre has partnered with many organizations, including the World Bank, to reach this goal. So far, a storage atlas of South Africa has been completed, and planning for a CO2 test injection site is underway. A project in Botswana, supported by the World Bank CCS Trust Fund, is currently underway to promote capacity-building activities related to CCS, involving investigation into enhanced coal-bed methane recovery possibilities.

  4. What are some of the main challenges and opportunities on CCS deployment that emerged from the workshop discussions for Southern Africa?

  • Financing: Given the high costs of CCS, without access to financing it will be impossible to deploy the technology at scale. The region needs to engage with the international community to raise funds to make building CCS units possible.

  • Legal and regulatory frameworks: Ensuring there are clear guidelines as to who assumes long term liability and how to regulate CCS practices is essential for the widespread adoption of the technology.

  • Human capital: Building a skilled workforce for all the processes of the CCS chain will take time and require collaborative efforts between academia and industry.


  • Future energy strategies: The region faces challenges on energy access, while countries are simultaneously interested in being part of the solution to climate change. CCS in the power sector could help to align these two priorities, which are too often assumed to be incompatible; CCS could enable an energy strategy that meets all objectives.

  • CCS outside of power sector: CCS could also be applied outside the power sector in various industries. South Africa, for example, has a booming coal-to-liquids industry in which CCS could be employed.

  • Attracting investments through international climate agreements: CCS could attract support from abroad through frameworks such as the Clean Development Mechanism, among others. Including CCS in such a mechanism would encourage investment and kick start local technology deployment.


Presentations  |


Welcome and Introductions

  1. Overview of Energy Sector Activities of the World Bank (2.8 Mb) | Nataliya Kulichenko, Senior Energy Specialist, Sustainable Energy Department 

  2. Overview of the SAPP and the Energy Network in Southern Africa (872 Kb)  | Eng. Musara Beta, Chief Market Analyst, SAPP Coordination Centre 

International CCS Update

  1. The Global Status of CCS: 2010 (6.8 Mb) | Alice Gibson – Capacity Development Manager, Global CCS Institute

  2. CCS Technology Roadmap: Potential and Future Challenges (1.1 Mb) | Sean McCoy, IEA

  3. International CCS Developments and the Clean Energy Ministerial (1.1 Mb) | James Godber, Department of Energy and Climate, UK 

South Africa Energy Context

  1. Eskom and South African perspective on CCS (1.1 Mb) | Barry MacColl, GM (acting) Research and Development, Eskom

  2. The South African Centre for CCS (3.5 Mb) | Brendan Beck, Manager, South Africa Centre for CCS

  3. NamPower’s Perspectives on CCS (3.2 Mb) | Danie. F. Louw, NamPower Manager: Safety, Health, Environment & Wellness

  4. Challenges and Investment Opportunities: The Case of ZESA (5.6 Mb) | Ikhupuleng Dube, System Development Manager – Zimbabwe Electricity and Transmission Company (ZETDC) 

Financing and Economics

  1. Techno-economic Assessment of Potential CCS Deployment in the Southern African Region (1.02 Mb)  |  Bruno Merven, ERC in conjunction with VITO and the World Bank

  2. Financing Model for Power Plants with CCS (214 Kb)  |  Nataliya Kulichenko, World Bank Energy Anchor

  3. German Financing of Energy Projects in the Region: The role of Renewables and CCS (650 Kb)  |  Harald Gerding, Director KfW – German Development Bank

  4. Suitability of Climate Finance for CCS in Developing Countries (986 Kb)  |  Paul Zakkour, Carbon Counts 


  1. WB CCS Conference - Sandton (179 Kb) | Tim I. B. Lund, Royal Norwegian Embassy - Pretoria

  2. CCS: Perspectives for the Southern African Region (380 Kb) | Tich. Simbini

  3. Review of Relevant Legal & Regulatory Frameworks for CCS in the Southern African Region (189 Kb) | Sachiko Morita, Counsel, Environmental and International Law Unit, The World Bank

  4. CCS Activities Planned in Botswana (87 Kb) | Natalia Kulichenko on behalf of Varadan Atur, The World Bank

  5. Alstom’s CCS Activities (11.5 Mb| Mark Boneham, Sales and Marketing Director – Southern Africa

  6. Global CCS Legal and Regulatory Developments (806 Kb) | Justine Garrett, IEA

  7. CCS-Africa: Findings and Further Steps (1.5 Mb) | Heleen de Coninck, Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN)

Last updated: 2011-07-25

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