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Carbon Capture & Storage Workshop - Washington DC


Introduction |

The World Bank hosted the workshop Addressing barriers to Carbon Capture and Storage in Developing Countries on September 6th - 9th 2011 at World Bank HQ, Washington D.C., with the objectives of sharing the experiences of developed and developing countries engaged in CCS programs, and to provide a platform for discussions on addressing financial barriers for CCS deployment. Supported by the World Bank CCS Trust Fund, the workshop was sponsored by the Australia-based Global CCS Institute and the Government of Norway, and held in collaboration with the International Energy Agency (IEA) and the Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum (CSLF).

Workshop Report  |

REPORT: Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) in Developing Countries: A Perspective on Barriers to Deployment | Get an Overview of the Report | Download the report, PDF (3.5 Mb)

The program included a day of CCS training, covering elements from the technologies and geology of storage, to the associated legal and regulatory frameworks necessary for deployment. The workshop sessions were split over two days, with the first day focusing on individual country experiences in CCS development, and the second day on panel discussions from different stakeholder groups on financing mechanisms for CCS deployment. A tour site to the AEP Mountaineer plant in West Virginia, where a CCS demonstration project has been in operation, was also arranged.

Workshop participants included government representatives from nine emerging economies, including Algeria, Botswana, Egypt, Kosovo, Jordan, Mexico, Morocco, South Africa and Tunisia, as well as donor governments, such as the UK and Norway. Representatives from Multilateral Development Banks, NGOs, academia, utilities and private companies were also present and involved in the discussions.

The proceedings were opened by Sustainable Energy Department Director, S. Vijay Iyer, setting the scene in terms of the objectives and intended outcomes of the workshop, which were centered on knowledge sharing and learning from different countries’ experiences. Professor Edward Rubin from Carnegie Mellon University gave the keynote address, explaining how it’s so important to consider the role of developing countries in climate change mitigation technologies, given the expected trends in CO2 emissions, and that the key to moving forward with CCS development is setting policies to provide the necessary incentives. Professor Rubin also informed the workshop participants that when considering policies to address the barriers facing CCS, and mechanisms for financing in particular, that it is very important to keep in mind the fundamental reasons why this technology should be considered. The severe damage that could result from climate change should be in the forefront of policy makers’ minds, as sometimes it is easy to lose the significance of the importance of the challenge of climate change mitigation, when engaged in technical discussions.

Presentations were made by government representatives of all the countries with capacity building programs supported by the World Bank CCS Trust Fund, on the activities that are currently planned and underway to further CCS development, and how the Trust Fund support is contributing to these efforts. Presenters explained how it is useful to hear about the status of other countries in terms of their progression towards creating enabling environments for CCS. For example, it was pointed out that South Africa is particularly advanced in terms of policy and government support, with a CCS development roadmap and the creation of the South Africa Centre for CCS under the Department of Energy. China, on the other hand, is advanced in terms of CCS development projects being undertaking by various companies, such as China Huaneng Group and China Power Investment Corporation.

The issue of human capital, and the importance of training local engineers and experts was a common theme heard throughout the day from many different countries. This sentiment was echoed by representatives of donor governments, recognizing that although support is needed in the near term, developing countries cannot rely on financial and human capital transfers continually through the operational phases of CCS projects.

The second day of the workshop focused on discussions of different mechanisms for financing CCS, sparked by a presentation by Larry Hegan of the Global CCS Institute on the recommendations of the Clean Energy Ministerial. Discussion panelists from emerging economies agreed that a dedicated CCS fund could be a good way of initially providing funding, however it is important to ensure that access to such a fund is not obstructed by overly-bureaucratic processes. Another important point that was made throughout the day was the extent to which CCS development is location specific. For example, it was noted that local geology and regulatory frameworks will, by default, be different for every country, whereas some of the other aspects to deployment, such as capture technologies, may be more similar regardless of location.

On a panel of MDBs and donor representatives, Vijay Iyer from the World Bank made the important point that CCS faces challenges on multiple fronts in terms of gaining traction in developing countries. Firstly, developing country governments must prioritize across sectors, whether those are education, sanitation, health, energy etc. Wherever energy falls into that remit, and only if there are ambitions of CO2 emissions mitigation, CCS is just one of the technologies available among other low emission options competing for financing, such as wind, solar, biomass etc. Therefore, it is important to consider how CCS could fit within the larger policy goals of each country individually.

During the Q&A discussion, Paal Frisvold of the Bellona Foundation, a Norwegian NGO, explained that paving the way for CCS in developing countries is not only about ‘North to South’ transfers of expertise and capital, but is actually an opportunity for developing countries to lead the way, especially in terms of manufacturing and exporting parts for the technology.

Throughout the day, many options of financing were discussed, such as subsidies financed through surcharges on other technologies with higher emissions levels, a so called ‘wire-charge’. The fact that many other low CO2 emission technologies, such as wind and solar, enjoy government subsidies and mandates, while CCS currently does not, was also discussed. It was agreed that it is important to bear this in mind when comparing across technology costs, to ensure the true costs and not prices resulting from government support are compared.

The workshop brought together stakeholders in the CCS arena across different sectors and countries, as well as both developing countries and potential financiers for future projects. The discussion provided a platform to speak frankly about experiences and plans for the future, and also allowed for new contacts and networks to be developed with the hope of continuing the conversation and opportunities to collaborate and share experiences.

Audience & Agenda  |

  • Industry participants, including the chemical, mining and power sectors.

  • Policymakers and government officials in energy, environment, mining or any other ministry relevant to CCS

  • Representatives from development organizations undertaking projects in the region

  • Representatives from Multilateral Development Banks, intergovernmental organizations and research institutes working on issues relevant to CCS

» Training Agenda » Workshop Agenda  » List of participants  

Presentations  |

DAY 1 | September 6 - (CCS Training Session)

  1. Global CCS Institute’s Knowledge Sharing Platform (1.3 Mb) | Larry Hegan, Global CCS Institute 

  2. Key Knowledge Sharing Initiatives (3.7 Mb) | Dr. Robert Wright, U.S. Department of Energy 

  3. Large-Scale CCS Demonstration Project Development: Key Considerations (5.8 Mb) | Dr. Gerald Hill, Technical Coordinator, SECARB 

  4. Overview of CO2 Capture Technologies, System Integration, and Costs (1.8 Mb) | Robert Hilton, Vice President, Alstom

  5. Model of Power System with CCS (335 Kb) | Eleanor Ereira, Energy Anchor, The World Bank

  6. Geoscience 101: Fundamentals of CO2 Storage and Monitoring (1.6 Mb) | Carrie Petrik-Huff, Department of Geoscience, University of Massachusetts at Amherst 

  7. Alternatives for Productive CO2 Use and Storage (5.4 Mb) | Vello Kuuskraa, President, Advanced Resources International

  8. CCS Risk and Insurance Perspectives (929 Kb) | Bob Sansone, Principal, The Power Gen and Construction Practice

  9. CCS Risk Management (NA) | Dr. Ian Duncan, Research Scientist, Bureau of Economic Geology, The University of Texas at Austin

  10. Review of Relevant Legal and Regulatory Frameworks (238 Kb) | Charles Di Leva, Legal Department, The World Bank 

  11. CCS Selected Policy, Regulatory and Legal Issues (1.5 Mb) | Craig A. Hart, The World Bank 

  12. Public Engagement: Key Considerations and Plan Elements (525 Kb) | Pamela Tomski, SECARB-Ed

DAY 2 | September 7

  1. The Importance of CCS in a Low-Carbon Energy Future (1.5 Mb) | Edward S. Rubin, Carnegie Mellon University

  2. World Bank Capacity Building Carbon Capture and Storage Trust Fund: Status and Program Activities (600 Kb) | Richard Zechter, Natalia Kulichenko, The World Bank

  3. Carbon Capture and Storage Activities in South Africa (868 Kb) | Nelisiwe Mugabane, South Africa Department of Energy

  4. CO2 Geological Sequestration (1.1 Mb) | Mohamed Keddam, In Salah Gas, Algeria

  5. CO2 Capture and Storage in Mexico (929 Kb) | Leonardo Beltran, Dept of Energy, Mexico

  6. World Bank Carbon Capture & Storage Trust Fund (WB CCS TF) (639 Kb) | Wenzhen Mi, Ximing Peng

  7. Addressing Barriers to CCS in Developing Countries, Morocco (1.4 Mb) | Zohra Ettaik, Ministry of Energy, Morocco

  8. CCS - Botswana's Perspective (366 Kb) | Hossia Chimbombi, Government of Botswana

  9. CCS - Capacity Building Technical Assistance, Jordan (1.1 Mb) | Mohammed Al-Dabbas, Ministry of Energy & Mineral Resources, Jordan

  10. CCS in Kosovo (1.5 Mb) | Ing. Lorik Haxhiu, Ph.D, Government of Kosovo

  11. Addressing Barriers to CCS in Developing Countries Workshop, Egypt (366 Kb) | Ahmed Abdrabo Mohamed Aboulenien, Ministry of Petroleum and Energy, Egypt

  12. Promoting CCS in Asia (4.7 Mb) | Pradeep Tharakan, Asian Development Bank

  13. CCS Roadmap for Poland (1.7 Mb) | Paal Frisvold, Bellona Foundation

  14. CCS Development in Saudi Arabia (805 Kb) | Khalid Abuleif, Saudi Aramco, Saudi Arabia

  15. Techno-Economic Assessment of CCS Deployment Scenarios in Southern Africa and Balkan Regions (429 Kb) | Natalia Kulichenko, The World Bank

  16. Global Technology Roadmap for CCS in Industry (336 Kb) | Ganna Onyshko, United National Industrial Development Organization

  17. CCS Development Lifecycle (10 Kb) | Alice Gibson, Global CCS Institute

  18. Reflections on CCS Capacity Building (336 Kb) | Bernard Frois, Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum, The World Bank

DAY 3 | September 8

  1. Financing Model for Power Plants with CCS (219 Kb) | Nataliya Kulichenko, The World Bank

  2. Role of Climate Finance in Supporting CCS in Developing Countries (581 Kb) | Alexandrina Platonova-Oquab, The World Bank

  3. A Policy Strategy for CCS (1.5 Mb) | Wolf Heidug, International Energy Agency

  4. The Norwegian Experience (421 Kb) | Tone Skogen, Government of Norway

  5. Carbon Capture Utilization and Storage Working Group Recommendations on CCS Financing Mechanisms in Developing Countries (1.01 Mb) | Larry Hegan, Global CCS Institute

  6. Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum Perspectives (1.5 Mb) | Bernard Frois, Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum

  7. Utility and Industry Experiences: Biomass CCS in Brazil (1.23 Mb) | Jose Moreira, MGM Innova, Brazil

DAY 4 | September 9

On September 9, 2011, a tour of the Carbon Capture and Storage demonstration project that has been operating at the AEP Mountaineer power plant in West Virginia was held. More information about the plant can be found here:


Last updated: 2011-09-21




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