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India: Urban Challenges

India: Urban Challenges

Urbanization in India

July 31, 2007: Urbanization in India is not a side effect of recent economic growth; it is an integral part of the process. As in most countries, India’s urban areas make a major contribution to the country’s economy. Although less than a third of India’s people live in cities and towns, these areas generate over 2/3 of the country’s GDP and account for 90% of government revenues.

India’s towns and cities have expanded rapidly as increasing numbers migrate to towns and cities in search of economic opportunity. Slums now account for 1/4 of all urban housing. In Mumbai, more than half the population lives in slums, many of which are situated near employment centers in the heart of town, unlike in most other cities in developing countries.

Meeting the needs of India’s soaring urban population is and will continue to be a strategic policy matter.

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Resources
- World Bank Program: Website maintained by the World Bank Office in New Delhi, a launching pad to all information on World Bank activities in the country (strategy, projects, publications, etc.)

- The Mumbai Urban Transport Project (MUTP): Resettling the displaced is an unprecedented exercise to improve the lives of the urban poor. Mumbai Urban Transport Project - Slide show

- Development Data on India: A wide range of social and economic measures on India, including links to the World Bank's most important online development databases.

- Analysis and Research on India: Compilation of all the World Bank's publications on India, with 'search' options and links to analysis and research on other South Asian countries.

- World Bank Program in South Asia: Launching pad to all information on World Bank activities in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka.

Media
Information for members of the press on President Zoellick's visit to South Asia

Jyothi Pujari, former resident of a one-room tin shack by the Mumbai railways

Beneficiary Voices
“For the girls and the women, one of the best things is that each family now has their own toilet and bathroom,” says Jyothi, referring to the privacy and greater sense of security they now feel. Read More

Karnataka Watershed Project: Incomes increase for Indian farmers in Karnataka. Read More
Karnataka Watershed Project - Slide show




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