Click here for search results

About the Key Gender Employment Indicators

The Gender Key Employment Indicators is the result of a joint collaboration between the Gender and Development Group of the World Bank (PRMGE) and the Luxembourg Income Study (LIS). It consists of a set of national-level indicators that highlight women’s economic outcomes and gender inequality in poverty and employment.


The Gender Key Employment Indicators are gender-disaggregated statistics on:

  • Rate of household poverty;
  • Employment rates;
  • Characteristics of the employed population;
  • Characteristics of the not employed;
  • Average weekly hours worked by the employed; and
  • Female/male earnings ratios for the employed and for full-time workers;
  • Characteristics of the youth population (age 16 to 19).

The special feature of these statistics is that – unlike most published statistics – they are presented disaggregated not only by sex, but also by an additional personal or household characteristic, such as 

  • Age categories;
  • Educational status (low, medium or high education);
  • Household income quintile, adjusted for household size;
  • Immigration status (immigrant or non-immigrant);
  • Parent/partner status;
  • Age of youngest child; and
  • Number of children.

Moreover, the characteristics of the employed are given by additional co-variates such as number of jobs held, part-time vs. full-time work, industry, status in work (waged, self-employed, unpaid workers), and supervisory role.


This database will, for example, provide information about the employment rates of mothers and not mothers, or the earnings gap between men and women by quintile of the household income distribution, or about employment rates of boys and girls, and so on.


Currently, the Gender Key Employment Indicators project covers 27 countries (the majority are developed countries and a few middle-income and transition countries). The sample of countries is determined by their inclusion in the LIS database. The year of the statistics corresponds to the LIS “Wave V” – that is approximately year 2000. As LIS updates its database to Wave VI (mid 2000), there will be the possibility to update the Gender Key Employment Indicators as well.


Although the coverage of developing countries is very limited at the moment, we are confident that these statistics can be quite useful, to Bank staff, outside researchers, labor economists, and gender specialists. First, it is very hard to find statistics that are disaggregated by gender and personal and household characteristics. We hope that the Gender Key Employment Indicators project can motivate other institutions to produce and disseminate statistics at a finer level of detail. Second, the availability of disaggregated statistics for OECD countries provides a useful benchmark for middle-income countries—especially Eastern and Central Asia countries and countries in Latin American and the Caribbean region. Third, the Gender Key Employment Indicators project is likely to expand in the future—LIS is already planning to add 5 Latin American countries in its database, and when this happen, the Gender Key Employment Indicators will be calculated also for these countries.



Access the Gender Key Employment Indicators


The Gender Key Employment Indicators are also available on the LIS web site.  Because these indicators have been computed using the micro data available in the LIS data archive, LIS users can recompute the indicators using different definitions, or different breakdowns. See the LIS web site or more information


Last updated: 2009-03-23

Permanent URL for this page:

Before you use the database