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Open Government

Access to Information

Open, affordable and equitable access to information about policies, expenditures, and decision-making processes are critical to transparent and accountable governance. An explosion of new media technologies, increasingly vocal and vigilant advocacy groups, among others have helped create sustained pressure for openness, but concerted sustainable policy mechanisms are necessary to create the shift from secrecy to transparency.

Transparency and Development Effectiveness

Increasing focus on governance and accountability in the work of international aid agencies has brought concerns of transparency and access to information to the center of governance reforms. This section presents the evidence base and the existing state of knowledge about the links between transparency and various dimensions of economic development.
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Right to Information Laws and Implementation

The existence of a legal framework outlining access to information is critical to an effective transparency regime. More than 90 countries today have Right to information (sometimes labeled Freedom of Information) laws in place that provide mechanisms for their publics to request and obtain information from their respective governments. This section provides resources on legal provisions and implementation aspects of RTI laws.
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Budget Transparency

Fiscal transparency is part of the broader notion of transparency in the public sector and serves an important role in allowing the electorate and financial markets to accurately assess true costs and benefits of government activities and ultimately reducing market risk and asymmetries of information allowing markets to function more efficiently.
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ICT for Transparency

Information and Communication Technology (ICT) can support transparency and accountability by enabling and expanding citizens’ social mobilization. ICT can, inter alia, improve transparency in the public sector by increasing the coordination, dissemination and administrative capacity of the public sectors’ and facilitate the work of civil society organization.
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Transparency across Sectors

In many countries, international assistance has strengthened accountability bodies such as anti-corruption commissions, however, as the capacity of these bodies increases, so does the likelihood of corruption being uncovered at the sector level. The potentialto further engender accountability and improve monitoring and oversight requires an increased access to information, which allows local citizens to monitor service delivery, resource flows, and the allocation of funds in key sectors (such as health, education, and transportation).
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Right To information Laws

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World Bank Links

Legislative information from Right2Info

FOIA Law Library (from PAM website - coming soon)

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