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Public Health Surveillance Toolkit

Public Health Surveillance Toolkit CoverA new box on Avian and Human Influenza Surveillance has been added to this 2002 publication.  This toolkit draws on the expertise of public health practitioners who have experience with public health surveillance and have recognized the core role of surveillance in public health. They have advocated for surveillance programs, supplied innovative ideas, and provided insightful critiques over many years. It draws on the experience of Bank staff and technical experts from PAHO and the CDC who have contributed to Bank missions. The toolkit also makes use of WHO references, primarily those from its website.

The audience for this toolkit is World Bank Task Managers and their counterparts in other organizations - those who go to countries in response to requests, assess the problems, design projects to address these problems, and implement or supervise these projects. Most World Bank staff are already overloaded with work and do not have much time to read material that is impractical or research-oriented. Many have little or no background in public health or surveillance.

These files are presented in PDF format. You must have a PDF viewer on your computer to download this document; you can obtain a free copy of this viewer at the Adobe Acrobat website.

Thus, it is the goal of this toolkit to summarize fundamental concepts as well as provide practical, operational tips for those working on Bank loans for surveillance in public health. After reading this document, project teams should be able to critically assess the public health surveillance system(s) currently operating in a given country and have some notion of ways to improve these systems. Since the World Bank operates in areas of varying economic states of development, this toolkit will focus on a range of potential surveillance activities, recognizing that there are cost and manpower considerations in establishing any surveillance system.

Part A provides some theoretical concepts about surveillance and knowledge gained through applying these concepts and the practice of surveillance in developing countries. A moderate number of references are provided so that the more curious reader might have some guide to primary sources. Additional information can be found in the appendices.

Part B provides information that aims to be useful to Task Managers in the preparation of loans for strengthening public health surveillance systems. Several World Bank experiences are shared. The focus is on practical aspects of surveillance and lessons learned.


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