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Gender

 According to WHO overall rates of psychiatric disorder are almost identical for men and women but striking gender differences are found in the patterns of mental illness. One of the reasons is the long list of gender specific risk factors which include violence against women, socioeconomic status, low income and income inequality, low or subordinate social status and rank and the responsibility for the care of others (WHO: "Gender disparities and mental health: The Facts") 

 

Overview                                                                          

World Bank Resources:

 

External Resources:

Key Topics                                                                         

World Bank Resources:

  • Gender and Disability A detailed global picture on how gender and disability intersect is not yet possible as research has been quite limited and often clouded by factors that resist quantification, such as the feminization of poverty, cultural concepts of gender roles and sexual and reproductive rights, violence, abuse and other means of exploitation, such as child labor. This brief overview concentrates on information resources that clarify issues of importance to the estimated world population of 300 million women and girls with disabilities, most of whom live in developing or resource-poor countries.
  • Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC): Gender Dimensions of Alcohol Consumption and Alcohol-related problems in Latin America and the Caribbean This report examines the gender dimensions of alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). It finds that alcohol use is one of the major causes of the global disease burden, ranking as the fourth cause of disability among men in less developed countries. It also finds that men bear most of the burden of alcohol-related diseases and that alcohol plays an important role in instigating unsafe sex practices and violent behaviors, for example, domestic violence. Moreover, the report shows that men are more likely than women to drink alcohol heavily and excessively and that drinking norms influence these gender differences in alcohol consumption.
  • Europe and Central Asia (ECA) Gender in Transition The sweeping changes brought about by transition in the countries of Europe and Central Asia (ECA) have greatly affected the economies of these countries, and the living standards of their populations.
    However, the manner in which this process has affected men and women has not been fully explored. Given the importance of this issue to human and economic development in these countries, the ECA Region of the World Bank has produced this report

External Resources:

  • WHO: Gender-based Violence. This page provides links to descriptions of activities, reports, news and events, as well as contacts and cooperating partners in the various WHO programs and offices working on this topic. Also shown are links to related web sites and topics.
  • WHO: Female Genital Mutilation. Psychosexual and psychological health: Genital mutilation may leave a lasting mark on the life and mind of the woman who has undergone it. In the longer term, women may suffer feelings of incompleteness, anxiety and depression.

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