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“Reproductive health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity, in all matters relating to the reproductive system and to its functions and processes…”   ICPD Programme of Action, paragraph 7.2

The International Conference of Population and Development brought to development a broader agenda to be addressed in a holistic, comprehensive, “horizontal”, and integrated way. It was a new way of working, which was client-focused, rights based, and gender sensitive. This new way of addressing reproductive health includes conditions associated with reproductive organs and the reproductive system; social aspects of sex and reproduction; maternal mortality and morbidity; sexually transmitted infections including HIV/AIDS; family planning; and conditions exacerbated by sex and pregnancy, such as malaria.

The topics listed here are by no means exhaustive. Rather, they are a selection of key issues with which the World Bank strives to improve the reproductive health status of women and men.