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Fertility Regulation Behaviors and Their Costs

Contraception and Unintended Pregnancies in Africa and Eastern Europe & Central Asia
Begins:   Jul 16, 2008 15:00
Ends:   Jul 16, 2008 16:30
Contact Person:   HNP Learning Program


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J 1-050


Wed 07/16/2008 3:00PM


Wed 07/16/2008 4:30PM

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 Course Description Agenda & Course Materials Related Links Participants/ Evaluation Results 

Fertility levels have declined steadily over the last three decades but the pace of decline varies among regions. Countries that have achieved a high level of contraceptive use have reached a lower fertility level. A gap continues to exist between actual and desired family size, resulting in unintended pregnancies. More than one-third of the pregnancies that occur are unintended and one in five pregnancies ends in induced abortion. Almost half of all induced abortions are unsafe, and the proportion of all abortions that are unsafe has increased during the last decade. Sixty-six percent of unintended pregnancies occur among women who are not using any method of contraception.

Investing in quality family planning programs is a cost-effective way to address unmet need for contraception and reduce the risks of unsafe abortion, thereby improving maternal health. If contraception were provided to the 137 million women who lack access, maternal mortality would decline by 25%–35%.

Wednesday, July 16, 2008
3:00 - 4:30 pm
Auditorium J1-050
World Bank J Building
701 18th Street NW
Washington, DC


Phillip Hay
Communications Adviser, Human Development Network, World Bank

Mr. Hay is Communications Adviser for the Human Development Network at the World Bank, helping to raise the profile and proven impact of human development issues such as health, nutrition and population, HIV/AIDS, education, etc., in the global and national media, and within the wider development community. He also works closely with key partners such as civil society, the specialist UN agencies, parliamentarians, the private sector, and others to advance the human development agenda. Mr. Hay is a former BBC Special Correspondent and veteran commentator and writer on international affairs.


Elizabeth Lule
Manager, AIDS Campaign Team for Africa (ACTafrica), World Bank

Ms. Lule is the Manager of ACTafrica, responsible for the overall policy direction and coordination of the World Bank’s HIV/AIDS work in Africa. Previously, she was Senior Adviser for Population and Reproductive, Maternal and Child Health in the Bank's Human Development Vice Presidency. She also worked with the Health, Nutrition and Population Sector Board to strengthen the Bank’s capacity and effectiveness in addressing population, reproductive health, maternal and child health issues in Bank operations and global knowledge management and sharing. Before joining the World Bank in 2001, Ms. Lule was Africa Regional Vice President for Pathfinder International.

John May
Senior Population Specialist, Human Development Unit, Africa Region, World Bank

Mr. May has over 30 years of advisory and consulting experience in the areas of demographic data collection and analysis, family planning program design and evaluation, and population policy analysis and implementation. He is currently a Senior Population Specialist in the Africa Region at the World Bank. He has worked on many population projects around the world for UNFPA, UNICEF, USAID, and the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population (IUSSP). Mr. May is also an Adjunct Professor in Demography at Georgetown University and has published widely in the area of population and family planning programs and policies.

Michael Vlassoff
Senior Research Associate, Guttmacher Institute

Mr. Vlassoff is a Senior Research Associate at the Guttmacher Institute, where he has focused on the cost of abortion-related morbidity and mortality. Previously, he worked for the United Nations in various capacities in Latin America, Asia and at UN headquarters in New York. His research centered on population and development, particularly on the determinants and consequences of fertility change. Mr. Vlassoff's career in the UN included positions in both research and operations, including eleven years at the United Nations Population Fund. During his time at UNFPA he was Country Representative for India and Bhutan from 1998-2000.


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