The Government of Ghana’s proactive policy and regulatory interventions, combined with support from the World Bank Group and other development partners, has resulted in a competitive and vibrant industry, in which the private sector has invested more than US$157 million between 2000-2005.
This has translated into a telephone penetration rate of over 22 percent in 2006 (from less than 3 percent in 2003), a 50 percent decrease in local and international call rates, and a threefold reduction in Internet access prices from US$3 to US$1 per hour. The telecommunications sector’s contribution to GDP more than tripled from 1.8 percent in 2000 to 6 percent in 2005.
The World Bank is supporting the Government of Ghana in its development of the ICT sector through a $40 million facility which seeks to generate growth and employment by leveraging ICT and public-private partnerships to develop the Information Technologies Enabled Services (ITES) industry; and to support public-private partnerships to improve efficiency and transparency through selected e-Government applications.
The project builds on the Government’s earlier experience with a customs modernization programme which drastically reduced customs processing time and increased government revenue by close to 50 percent within the first 18 months of implementation.
The eGhana project is expected to increase ICT-based jobs from 2,000 currently to potentially 40,000 over five years with equal opportunities for women, and increase export-led revenues generated by ICT/ITES industry by about US$750 million.