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World Bank's infrastructure engagement includes activities in the energy, information and communication technologies, water, and transport sectors. But infrastructure is more than the sum of these individual sectors; finding solutions to modern development challenges requires tackling the complexity and inter-connectivity among sectors.

Energy link


Access to environmentally and socially sustainable energy is essential to reduce poverty. Over 1.3 billion people are still without access to electricity worldwide, almost all of whom live in developing countries. Millions of people worldwide have benefited from Bank Group energy financing. Since 2000, for the poorest countries—many of them in Africa— Bank Group support has helped build, and make more reliable, almost eight gigawatts (GW) of electricity.


ICT link

Information and Communication Technologies

Technological progress is a considerable driving force behind economic growth. ICT infrastructure in particular has attracted much investment, and generated significant fiscal revenues and employment opportunities in developing countries. The World Bank has supported more than 100 developing countries to reform their telecommunications and information and communications technology (ICT) sectors, helping spur investment and modernization that in turn accelerates economic growth and poverty reduction.


Transport link


Transport is crucial for economic growth and trade, both of which are highly dependent on the conveyance of people and goods. Virtually no production or consumption can take place unless people, raw materials, commodities, fuel, and finished products can be moved to and from different locations. At $48 billion since 2003, transport sector lending is a significant part of the World Bank’s portfolio.


Water link


Water services (water supply and sanitation, irrigation and drainage, energy, environmental services) use water to promote growth and development, but water is finite and access to services is not guaranteed if they are not managed properly. Managing water and land in a more integrated way is critical to ensuring access to clean drinking water, reducing water pollution, protecting biodiversity, controlling flooding and food security.


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