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Environment and Natural Resources Law

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Biodiversity (including Biosafety) 

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Pollution Control/Chemicals 

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Climate Change and Clean Energy 

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Fisheries 

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Forests   

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Land Law  

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Water Law 



Accountability Mechanism

The Inspection Panel was established in 1993 by the Executive Directors of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Development Association (IDA). The Panel is independent from the Bank Management, and provides a formal channel through which local groups in borrowing countries may raise concerns on whether the Bank is in compliance with its own policies and procedures. The ultimate outcome of an Inspection Panel process is to ensure that the Bank complies with its operational policies and procedures during the design, preparation and implementation of the projects and thus improve the quality and transparency of the Bank’s operations. More 

World Bank Safeguard Policies

The Environmental and Social Safeguard Policies (Safeguard Policies), as a subset of the operational policies of the Bank, are vital to the Bank’s efforts to promote poverty reduction and sustainable development. As such, the Safeguard Policies require that potentially adverse environmental impacts and selected social impacts of Bank investment projects should be identified, minimized, and mitigated. More 


Last updated: 2010-06-23


Environment and Natural Resources Law Highlights
Nature of Law Newsletters
Forest Law and Sustainable Development: Addressing Contemporary Challenges Through Legal Reform
Land Law Reform: Achieving Development Policy Objectives
Regulatory Frameworks for Water Resources Management: A Comparative Study