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Pre-Enactment Analyses


Regulatory Impact Assessments

Evaluating the Impact of Proposed Laws and Regulations

Assessing the costs and consequences of new laws and regulations is an essential part of the law-making process. Rules adopted without regard to questions such as the quality of the institutions that will enforce them, the burden imposed on the economy, or the opportunities they might provide for abuse and corrupt behavior often do more harm than good. Over the past two decades members of the European Union have devised a variety of methods for evaluating the impact of proposed norms. This report provides a general overview of impact assessment together with a chapter focusing specifically on measuring the budgetary and economic impact of proposed measures. The guidelines on impact assessment issued by the Government of Palatinate, Germany, are reprinted in an appendix. Read More.

These 1997 conference proceedings describe the process of policy assessment and Regulatory Impact Analysis (RIA). RIA entails the ex ante assessment of how proposed legislation and regulations will affect a country's economy, society, budget, existing laws, and international agreements. Through RIA, governments can improve the quality of their interventions by ensuring that the impacts, both intended and unintended, of proposed legislation and regulations are assessed in advance, and form an input into law drafting and policy-making. Read More .

Improving the Quality of Laws and Regulations: Economic, Legal, and Managerial Techniques

This volume published in 1994 describes methods for assessing the impact of proposed laws and regulations, ensuring there has been adequate consultation with civil society in advance of enactment, that proposed norms are properly drafted and, that once promulgated, laws are communicated to citizens. Read More .

Other Pre-Enactment Analyses

Checklist on Law Drafting and Regulatory Management

A number of steps are required to turn policy decisions into clear, consistent, and enforceable laws, regulations, decrees, or other binding legal instruments. Drawing on the experience in OECD countries and those in Central and Eastern Europe, the attached document published in 1997 catalogues the measures required. These range from highly technical matters involving drafting style to those addressing the means for ensuring adequate consultation and participation with civil society. Read More .

Law Drafting and Regulatory Management in Central and Eastern Europe

This general report published in 1997 on law drafting and regulatory management is designed as a hands-on tool for policy-makers and law drafting personnel. It points out crucial issues for improving law drafting through creating and enforcing an adequate institutional framework, improving policy development, setting and maintaining law drafting standards, making fuller use of consultation, and improving access to legislation. This report also explains how procedures and standards should be applied to parliamentary initiatives and secondary legislation, as well as discussing the training of law drafters. The country reports offer a full account of law drafting regulations and drafting practice in Albania, Bulgaria, Estonia, Lithuania, Slovakia and Slovenia. Read More .

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