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International Alternative Dispute Resolution


International alternative dispute resolution (ADR) is the process of settling transnational disputes through the use of dispute resolution mechanisms other than courts. Due to the time, expense and complications involved in resolving and enforcing disputes between transnational parties in courts, international ADR is sought because it can be a confidential, speedy and predictable process and the parties might have more trust in the enforceability of these settlements.

International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID)

The International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) is an autonomous international organization, which has close links with and was created by the World Bank in 1966. ICSID facilitates the arbitration of disputes between member countries and foreign investors who are nationals of other member countries. Parties may voluntarily resort to ICSID arbitrations; however, once they have consented to ICSID arbitration, the parties cannot withdraw their consent.


International Chamber of Commerce (ICC)

The International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) is an international organization that, amongst other things, targets international business disputes by providing international arbitration and other forms of dispute resolution. ICC arbitrations offer transnational parties the choice and place of arbitration and its own rules of arbitration, including model clauses that can be used in business contracts. 


Resources on International ADR

Chartered Institute of Arbitrators

Extensive information on this membership organization, including links to articles, guides, and training opportunities. Focus is on commercial arbitration.


Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding: A Selected Bibliography

Bibliography of publications on ADR, Mediation and Conflict Resolution as well as useful links.


Dispute Resolution in Cyberspace

This extensively footnoted Law Journal article by Dean Henry Perritt of the Chicago-Kent School of Law explores this nascent forum for dispute resolution.


Global Arbitration Mediation Association, Inc. (GAMA)

Global Arbitration Mediation Association, Inc. (GAMA), and E-Directories of alternative dispute resolution professionals are designed to help disputants find mediators and arbitrators appropriate for resolving their conflicts by permitting searches of the database by years of ADR experience, education, credentials, subject matter expertise, associations, geographical location, video conferencing compatibility and hourly rate.


Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Commercial Arbitration Centre

The GCC Commercial Arbitration Centre was formally established in 1995. The panel of arbitrators at the Centre consists of approximately 370 arbitrators who have been nominated by all the Chambers of Commerce and Industry of the GCC States.


International Chamber of Commerce

The International Chamber of Commerce's web site. Includes page about the organization's forum for arbitration.


International Council of Commercial Arbitration

The ICCA is a world-wide organization dedicated to promoting arbitration and other forms of dispute resolution.


JURIS International Dispute Resolution Centers

This collection offers information on arbitration, mediation, conciliation, and expertise centers by continent and country with information on their services and the full text of their rules.


Key Bridge Foundation - Center for Mediation

The Key Bridge Foundation (KBF) Center for Mediation is a nationally recognized provider of conflict management and training services throughout the United States and abroad.


North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) Dispute Settlement

This link is to Chapter 20 of NAFTA, which deals with Institutional Arrangements and Dispute Settlement Procedures. The site hosted by MIT.


United Nations Commission on International Trade Law

Home page of the UNCITRAL, includes links to a variety of international banks involved in international trade. Includes a link to the Working Group on Arbitration Thirty-second session Vienna, 20-31 March 2000, a conference section dedicated to the resolution of international disputes. In English, French, Spanish, Russian, Arabic and Chinese.


WIPO Arbitration and Mediation Center

Official site for the International Bureau of the World Intellectual Property Organization’s Arbitration and Mediation Center. Details information about types of alternative dispute resolution as well as the Center’s services, rules, events, and publications. In English, French, and Spanish.


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