Courts are accountability institutions. Together with other institutions, they hold the government as well as private parties accountable for corrupt actions.
World Bank Institute Working Paper "Anticorruption Reform in Rule of Law Programs"
This working paper published by the World Bank Institute (WBI) in 2006 (22 p.) outlines the role and importance of rule of law programs in the fight against corruption. The judiciary is obviously key in this context, but the author also highlights specific anticorruption measures adopted by the World Bank.
The Bangladesh Supreme Court: The Strongest Link in the Accountability Chain
This excerpt from a March 2002 World Bank publication discusses the role of the Bangladesh Supreme Court in holding the government accountable. The Supreme Court has shown an increasing readiness to order the government to justify its actions, analogous with the highly activist Supreme Court in neighboring India. It accepts cases filed directly with it, and some far-reaching decisions have been issued. The excerpt also discussed the current judicial reform program, and possibilities for targeting the Supreme Court in order to enhance its role as an agent for accountability.
Using an Ombudsman to Oversee Public Officials
This policy note describes the powers an ombudsmen exercises and the role an ombudsmen serves. It outlines the differences between an ombudsman and other accountability mechanisms and then reviews the conditions necessary for an effective ombudsmen to function.
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