Disaster and Climate Risks: Building Resilience in Mexico
Grant helps assess government programs designed to help the poor
Mexico is very prone to geological hazards such as earthquakes and active volcanoes. It is also vulnerable to hurricanes, droughts, floods and other meteorological events.
A Poverty and Social Impact Analysis (PSIA) funded by an $80,000 grant from the PSIA Multi-Donor Trust Fund assesses the distributional impacts of disasters and climate-related events.
It also evaluates the effectiveness of key programs led by Mexico’s Ministry of Social Development to protect poor and vulnerable populations against natural disasters.
The PSIA is conducted in close collaboration with the government to provide in-country capacity. It is also supporting the design of a World Bank development policy loan (DPL) planned for fiscal year 2012 called Sustainable Territorial Development and Climate Change Adaptation in Mexico.
The trust fund project includes a review of relevant policies and programs to identify knowledge gaps, as well as focus group discussions to identify and assess household strategies used to manage weather and climate-related risks and disasters.
The quantitative component of the PSIA compares changes in welfare over time between municipalities that suffered natural disasters and those that did not in order to see if natural disasters increase poverty.
The analytical approaches control for other differences among municipalities to isolate the impact of a natural disaster.
MULTI-DONOR TRUST FUND