What are good indicators of poverty?
The share of people below the poverty line, an indicator based on consumption (or income) levels, is often used (see Measuring Poverty), but other indicators are needed to capture other dimensions of poverty. The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) specify a number of relevant indicators; see About the Goals.
What are current trends in poverty indicators?
Where can I find more detailed information on key poverty indicators?
- Consumption/income poverty based on the PPP $1 and PPP $2 per day poverty lines
- Consumption/income poverty based on national poverty lines
- Consumption/income inequality
- Education indicators
- Gender statistics and indicators
- Health indicators
- The HNPStats database (Health, Nutrition, and Population statistics) offers country data sheets showing summary indicators of health status, health determinants, and health finance.
- Data on health indicators by quintile are available in the HNP and Poverty Country Information Sheets. These data come from Demographic and Health Surveys (see below) and quintiles are based on assets owned. Each country report is accompanied by a set of technical annexes explaining the definitions and methods used in the statistics' preparation
- Data on children
- More social indicators
Where can I find country studies on poverty?
The World Bank's Poverty Analysis site contains a collection of Poverty Assessments
and other related country documents, including poverty assessments, country economic memorandums, poverty updates, social development reports, poverty notes, and living standards studies.
The poverty analyses are organized by region.
The India poverty project
assembled detailed nationwide and state-level statistics from 1950 to 1994 on expenditures, National Accounts, prices, wages, population, and others. The complete data are now available online.
Most of the poverty and inequality data on this page come from household surveys.
See Types of Data
for a brief description of different types of data sources.
See Accessing Surveys
for information on how to access household level data for different countries.
for a series of instruments to help calculate poverty and inequality indices on the basis of household survey data.
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