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Does CDD Work? Emerging Evidence from the KALAHI-CIDSS Project in the Philippines

Sponsors: Thematic Group on Poverty Impact Analysis, Monitoring and Evaluation, & Social Development Department
Presenter: Julien Labonne (SDV)
When:  November 6, 12:30 - 2:00pm

Community-Driven Development (CDD) approaches are an important part of the World Bank’s operations and are one of the preeminent means by which the World Bank supports the demand for good local governance. We evaluate the Philippines KALAHI-CIDSS operation as an example of a carefully designed, large-scale CDD project. In this seminar, we summarize research papers produced using a unique panel dataset of 2,400 households in 135 communities that was collected in 2003 and 2006. Through that analysis, we seek to understand who participates in project activities, how decisions are made by communities and, whether the operation improves local governance and enhances social capital.

Overall, we find that the preferences of community members and elected village leaders (barangay captain) seem to be equally represented in the community’s project proposal. We also find that households that are more involved in communal activities are more likely to have their preferences represented in village proposals. Our evidence suggests that, within a municipality, resources flow to the poorest and more politically active villages. Finally, treatment by the project appears to markedly improve local governance and enhance social capital especially for those households who participate in project activities. These findings give insights into the social dynamics that CDD projects are working with.

Background Paper

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