Social capital is defined as the institutions and relationships, as well as the trust, norms and values, that govern interactions among people and contribute to economic and social development. The Social Capital Assessment Tool (SOCAT) is a survey that measures individuals and groups' opportunities and constraints by focusing on the social assets and networks that determine their access to resources. Analysis of social networks leads to an understanding of the transaction costs associated with acquiring information (e.g., price levels, production innovation), and actions by members to overcome imperfect markets through social sanctions or mutual support.
SOCAT is useful for estimating likely changes in productive behavior at the household and community level in response to policy change. It allows analysts to identify how networks and norms affect this behavioral response. It can be tailored to specific policy domains and used to give depth to other methods of data gathering and analysis. SOCAT uses qualitative and quantitative instruments, including household surveys, community questionnaires, and organizational interviews.
More information on SOCAT
Back to Impact Analysis: Social Tools