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Benin Diagnostic Survey

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After almost two decades of being a “Marxist-Leninist” state, the Republic of Benin renounced its Marxist policies and became a democracy in 1990. Along with democracy came a greater interest in improving governance and combating corruption. In 1997, the government of Beninformally requested World Bank assistance in developing a national anti-corruption strategy. Civil society joined the government’s efforts and in 1998 formed FONAC (Le Front des Organisations Nationales de Lutte contre la Corruption).


In 2006 the Benin government renewed its commitment to anti-corruption efforts when President Yayi Boni, elected in April 2006, publicly announced that improving governance is at the center of his administration’s priorities.

In 2005, the government of Beninin collaboration with civil society organizations and technical support from the World Bank, decided to embark on a national survey to measure the state of governance and corruption in the nation.

A local polling firm CERTl (Cabinet des Recherches et Traitement Informatique) was selected through a competitive process, to conduct the data collection. A survey Steering Committee was established represented by key government and civil society institutions, to lead the survey process in coordination with the Global Governance Program at the World Bank Institute. The data collection started in 2006 and was shortly after temporarily suspended following a request from the government. After the electoral process in 2007, the new government of President Boni Yayi, requested the continuation of the national governance and corruption diagnostic survey. Data collection was completed at household, public and private sector levels. The final report of the results of the survey was approved by the Council of Ministries in late 2007. With technical assistance from WBI and financial support from the African Development Bank and the Danish Embassy in Cotonou, dissemination activities for the results of the survey were officially launched in January 2007.

The first activity consisted of a 3-day participatory workshop in Cotonou, (January 15-17). The workshop's launching ceremony was opened by the Ministre d 'Etat Chargede I'Economie, de la Prospective, du Developpement et de /'Evaluation de /'Action Publique and was well attended by more than 200 participants from all sectors of government and civil society. With the use of a the "Goal Oriented Project Planning and Facilitation Methodology" (GTZ-ZOPP), 150 participants were able to identify constraints and opportunities for governance reform in priority sectors (health, education, customs, justice, electricity, human resources / budget management in the public sector and the police). At the end of the workshop, participants presented recommendations for reform to the Ministre d'Etat and the Ministre de la Reforme Administrative et lnstitutionelle.


The national workshop was followed by a one day media workshop with 50 local journalists from all over the country aimed at raising media awareness on their role in promoting good governance as well as providing the local media with instruments to further exploit the survey results. The journalists also gave recommendations to improve the legal and institutional frameworks to strengthen the sector in order to play a better role in promoting good governance. Dissemination of the survey results in the 12 departments of the country (January 29 to February 12) were led by the Steering Committee in coordination with the "Observatoire de Lutte contre la Corruption". Recommendations from the dissemination workshops in Cotonouand in the regions will be integrated into a governance and anti-corruption strategy and action plan. The national workshop was covered by local television, radio and newspapers.

For more background information, visit the World Bank Benin Country Page

For additional information in English click here and in French click here.



The Steering Committee selected the local survey firm, CERTI, to launch the field work in January 2005. The field work will be launched in January 2005. The survey results helped provide the analytical underpinnings for the policy and institutional reforms on governance. 

Final Reports



Local Capacity Building

On March 28-29th, 2007 WBI, in partnership with the private survey research agency The Steadman Group and with financial support from the Dutch Embassy in Cotonou, delivered a workshop on data analysis and results reporting techniques in support of the Governance Diagnostic exercise underway in Benin.


The Benin Governance Diagnostic is a national level survey of households, private firms and public officials designed to measure and map governance in the public sector. The results assist policy makers in the prioritization of the governance reform action plan as well as benchmarking for future monitoring. WBI encourages the local team to produce a report which is both rigorous in its statistical analysis techniques, clear in its highlighting of key governance issues and accessible to non-technical readers in civil society and government. Toward this end WBI planned this workshop as a pilot to explore possibilities of augmenting local capacity to produce such a report for effective governance action planning.


The 2-day workshop was attended by approximately 15 members of the Beningovernment, various civil society organizations as well as the private firm executing the data collection and analysis. Based on participant’s reactions and written evaluations the workshop was very successful. Further, the results suggest the program has excellent potential to benefit other partner countries and should be considered for implementation in upcoming governance diagnostics.

National Initiatives

Launching Ceremony for Governance and Corruption Survey: Agenda (October 2006)

Launching Ceremony for Governance and Corruption Survey:
Speech by Benin Minister of Development, Pascal Irenee Koupaki
(October 2006)

In addition to its work on the diagnostic surveys, the BeninInspection General des Finances (IGF) has led the efforts to establish an Observatory for the Fight Against Corruption, an inter-institutional body that would have investigative functions.


  • The Ministry of Administrative and Institutional Reform (MRAI) has been mandated as the government coordinating body to lead the efforts for the drafting of a National Governance and Anti-corruption Strategy. In that vein, the MRAI organized in coordination with WBI a two day consultative workshop  with government and civil society aimed at agreeing on Terms of Reference and a work program for the elaboration of a national GAC strategy. The workshop took place in Cotonou, April 20-21. It was launched by the Minister, Mr. Joseph Ahanhanzo Glele, and brought together 35 members of relevant government and civil society organizations. A number of the represented organizations played a key role during the GAC survey process as members of the survey technical team and/or participated in capacity development activities recently organized by WBIGP in harnessing the power of data for governance reform. Resulting from the discussions was a road map with deadlines for the implementation of each phase as well as a consensus on draft Terms of Reference for the elaboration of a strategy. The participants agreed on a number of principles that would guide the preparation including that: 
    • The process would consist of a revision of the current anti-corruption strategy that would be widened in its scope to become a governance strategy
    • The Strategy would be drafted in a participatory manner through consultations with the populations and the setting up of thematic groups
    • The Strategy would include an action plan with measurable performance indicators and would delineate mechanisms -including the identification of the institutions to be involved- for its implementation and monitoring

The launching of the revision activities of the strategy is set for June 26 at the latest. The national GAC strategy and its action plan is set to be presented for adoption to the government by September 30, 2009.



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Non-World Bank


The Steering Committee chaired by Mr. Edouard Houssou, Director of the Inspection General des Finances (IGF) is the government focal point responsible for the coordination of the launching of the Survey. The launch of the Phase 1 household survey took place in March 2005, and the phase 2 enterprise and public officials surveys were initiated in 2006. The Survey is funded by the WBI and the Embassy of the Netherlands. The Steadman Group, a private Africa- based research firm, provided invaluable support for the capacity building training workshop conducted in March 2007. Also, the donor community formed the "Donor Working Group on Anti-corruption", with the purpose of supporting ongoing anti-corruption national initiatives in Benin.




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