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Burundi Diagnostic Survey

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Following the signing of the Arusha Peace Agreement in 2000, the government of the Republic of Burundi expressed as priorities for addressing the challenges of reconstruction and reconciliation the establishment of a legal, institutional and social framework based on good governance; the efficiency of the state to manage public goods; rule of law and justice for all; social consensus and civil society participation in public policy design and implementation. In this context, the Government asserted his interest to improve governance and reduce corruption through improving transparency in the management of public goods. This engagement was reflected in a letter addressed to the President of the World Bank in 2006, requesting assistance to carry out an in-depth, in-country governance and anticorruption (GAC) diagnostic. With the use of surveys of domestic citizens/service users, managers of enterprises, public officials and non governmental organizations representatives, the diagnostic will provide data and analytical information to assist the government in policy design to improve governance and reduce corruption. Based on the GAC results, a Governance Action Plan will be prepared by the government in collaboration key stakeholders in the country. The World Bank Institute is working in collaboration with the Social Development Department (Post-conflict Unit) at the World Bank and a local research firm to design the survey instruments adapted to the Burundian context. In 2007, focus groups were conducted in Bujumbura and in the province of Ngozi with users and providers of public services to identify trends and patterns in perceptions on governance related issues. The result from focus group discussions contributed to the process of preparing the survey instruments. The Ministry of Good Governance is leading the diagnostic study process in collaboration with a Steering Committee, formed by members from civil society organizations, the private sector and the academia.

For more information, please visit the World Bank site for Burundi



Burundi governance diagnostic will cover households, private enterprises and public officials in an attempt to capture the views and experiences of both users and providers of public services. The questionnaires will also be adapted to address the post-conflict issues related to the Burundian context.

These instruments are currently being developed.

The Terms of reference for the Burundi Diagnostic are included below:

Burundi TOR GAC survey (54.6 kb PDF)



Results from the data collection and analysis are scheduled for release in 2008.



Sources of Rural Growth Study in Burundi

The World Bank Institute (WBI) has contributed to the Sources of Rural Growth Study undertaken by the World Bank in Burundi . The Sources of Rural Growth study was aimed at two principal audiences: (i) the Government of Burundi, and (ii) the World Bank and other key development partners who are active in Burundi .

The Government of Burundi seeks to define a vision of future growth of the national economy in the medium to long run and a desirable economic growth path. The GoB also aims to define the agenda of actions (policy reforms, institutional changes, and investments) that will be needed in the short run to bring about the realization of the longer-term vision. The Sources of Growth study is intended to help the Government of Burundi design its growth strategy and decide on both a growth path and an action plan. It will also help the World Bank and other key development partners identify how their work programs can best support the Government’s growth strategy.

The Sources of Rural Growth Study consists of five main components, each of which will constitute a chapter in the report: (i) macro growth diagnosis (ii) overview of the rural sector including the poverty profile, (iii) agricultural competitiveness analysis, (iv) rural growth constraints analysis, and (v) elements of a rural growth strategy. The most binding constraints to agricultural growth in Burundi may not be specific to agriculture. WBI has assisted in identifying areas not directly related to agriculture that may be contributing to low productivity, low profitability, and low competitiveness in the agricultural sector. Analysis on governance related issues has contributed to understanding the non technical constraints that have a negative impact on rural growth.

WBI participated in the SORG workshop organized in Bujumbura in June 2007 to present preliminary findings and is contributing to the preparation of the SORG study.

PowerPoint presentation on the links between governance and growth, May, 2007:

Gourvernance et Croissance (764 kb PDF in French)

Leadership and Governance in Burundi 

The Government of the Republic of Burundi in Partnership with the World Bank Institute Global Programs unit through the Leadership and Governance initiatives has launched the Governance and Leadership Capacity Development Program in Burundi . The overarching objective of the program is to encourage change at the institutional and organizational level through strengthening governance systems and mechanisms and developing the capacity of national leadership teams for more effective implementation of policies and strategies. This objective will be achieved through:
  • Introducing a culture of results in government and other implementation agencies, including creating accountability for measurable outcomes and incorporating M&E systems into project implementation;
  • Developing and applying principles for multi-sectoral program planning and implementation among various national stakeholders (government, private sector, civil society…);
    (c) Encourage the endogenous development of enhanced capacity to bring about significant results in core areas of government; (d) Strengthening the understanding – among key national stakeholders, government and non-government – of the potential impact of improved governance to Burundi’s economic growth and development agenda;
    (e) Strengthening the demand for governance, by promoting transparency, accountability, and integrity and encouraging the development of avenues for expressing this demand.

National stakeholders will be exposed to techniques and methodologies for more effectively achieving results and for improving governance. The program will expose participants to techniques for:

  •  Prioritizing and- identifying desired results and outcomes;
  • Mobilizing multiple stakeholders- around desired results and outcomes;
  • Unbundling, analyzing constraints for- achieving desired results;
  •  Creative problem solving for overcoming identified constraints;
  • Assigning accountabilities for achieving set results;
  • Monitoring and evaluating results and outcomes: Have desired results been achieved? If not, why not? Establishing mechanisms for incorporating lessons learned into future planning and implementation processes;
  • Use of diagnostic tools to monitor governance and public sector performance
  • Developing and implementing a governance and anti-corruption strategy, including designing and putting in place tools and instruments for improved governance.
  • The Capacity Development Resource Center

For more information on this program, please visit 



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