The Social Development Department has developed a Conflict Analysis Framework (CAF) to enhance conflict sensitivity and conflict prevention potential of World Bank assistance. The CAF analyzes key factors influencing conflict, focusing on six areas: social and ethnic relations; governance and political institutions; human rights and security; economic structure and performance; environment and natural resources; and external factors.
Working through the CAF will help operational teams identify and analyze the key factors that impact conflict and their links with poverty, to determine how they best can be addressed through World Bank assistance. A first step is to ascertain whether or not a country should undertake conflict analysis, and for this purpose a risk screening process, which consists of eight indicators, is available. If a conflict analysis is necessary, the second stage is to conduct conflict analysis with the CAF. The CAF is composed of six categories of variables covering factors that have shown to affect or be affected by conflict, and teams would consider the linkages of these variables to both conflict and poverty in the country under consideration. In the future, the CAF will also include guidelines for conflict impact assessments to help anticipate the potential impact (ex ante), and assess the effects (ex post) of World Bank assisted strategies or programs on conflict.