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Conflict, Crime and Violence Newsletter - Oct 31, 2011
October 31, 2011

Increasing Security in DR Congo: Gender-Responsive Strategies for Combating Sexual Violence

Author: Rosan Smits and Serena Cruz
Publisher: Clingendael Conflict Research Unit

Stressing the need to move beyond the “rape as a weapon of war” narrative, the authors of this report recommend reducing gender-based violence in the DRC by recognizing and addressing gender relations directly. Men, for example, should be “co-empowered” alongside women, and men should be encouraged to discuss their own frustrations and design their own strategies to modify masculine roles in ways that benefit both men and women.

Violence Prevention: An Invitation to Intersectoral Action

Author: John Carnochan, et al.
World Health Organization

This report lays out the public health approach to violence prevention and urges other organizations to join in the four step process of (1) systematically collecting violence-related data, (2) analyzing this data to determine correlates and causes, (3) conceiving strategies that prevent the situations where violence happens, (4) and then implementing those strategies alongside data collection. Evidence-based successes are given.

Aiding the Peace in Southern Sudan: A Multi-donor Evaluation of Support to Conflict Prevention and Peacebuilding Activities in Southern Sudan 2005-2010 | Policy Brief

Author: Jon Bennett, et al.
Publisher: Several donor organizations

This broad review finds that conflict prevention and peacebuilding in Southern Sudan between 2005 and 2010 overemphasized basic service provision and neglected programs in security, policing and the rule of law. Implementation of these security sector programs would have required political engagement and long-term planning; both of which were broadly absent.

Peace From the Bottom Up?: The Afghanistan Peace and Reintegration Program

Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO), 2011
Author: Deedee Derksen

In this analysis of the first ten months of the Afghan Peace and Reintegration Program – a program designed to entice combatants into other pursuits – the author critiques the program's focus on speed and numbers at the expense of quality. He recommends linking reintegration with reconciliation and community-based structures.

Yemen: Understanding Societal Dynamics: Behind the Current Crisis

Date/Time: Monday, October 31, 2011, 12:30pm – 2:00pm
Location: MC10-100, World Bank, Washington DC
Presenter: Alexandre Marc, Lead Social Development Specialist, SDV
Chair: Franck Bousquet, Sector Manager, MNSSD
Discussant: Colin S. Scott, Lead Specialist, MNSSO

Event description:
This BBL will present the findings of two studies conducted by the Social Development Department on Yemen. The first is a social and political analysis conducted as part of SDV’s flagship study ‘Societal Dynamics and Fragility.’ The second is a political economy analysis focusing on issues of displacement created by the current crisis. The event will be recorded and made available online.

Panel Discussion on PSIAs in Fragile Situations: "Can we use PSIAs in rapidly changing policy environments to bring about sustainable, pro-poor reform?"

Date/Time: Tuesday, November 1, 2011: 12:30pm – 2:00pm
Location: I 2-220, World Bank, Washington DC

  • Elisabeth Huybens, Sector Manager, SDV


  • Kathleen Kuenhast, Director, Gender and Peacebuilding Center, USIP
  • Caroline Pearce, Head of IFI Relations, Oxfam International
  • Tim Conway, Senior Poverty Advisor, DFID
  • Maria Correia, Sector Manager, SAR

Event description:
The panel will discuss when and what types of PSIAs might be appropriate in politically unstable situations where there is also pressure for rapid policy change.

Capacity Development for Post-conflict Statebuilding: Reflections from West Africa

Date/Time: Thursday, November 3, 2011, 12:30pm – 2:00pm
Location: MC C2-131, World Bank, Washington, DC

  • Peter Morgan, Capacity Development Expert


  • Neil Levine, Director, Office of Conflict Management and Mitigation, USAID
  • Sima Kanaan, Practice Manager, Fragile States, World Bank Institute

Event description:
This BBL will launch a World Bank/UNDP discussion paper entitled “International Support for Capacity Development in Post-conflict States.” Lunch will be provided.

The Better Angels of Our Nature: Why Violence Has Declined

Author: Steven Pinker, Harvard University
Publisher: Viking Adult, October 2011

According to this book by Harvard psychology professor Steven Pinker, violence among humans has been falling for millennia. He devotes about two-thirds of the book to demonstrating this claim with historical data and analysis. Then, he explains why and how he believes people are evolving into a more peaceful co-existence. He argues that our "inner demons" are slowly losing out to our "better angels" of cooperation, altruism and feminism, among others.

In each issue, we'll present in this section a different organization with a CCV-related agenda.

International Centre for the Prevention of Crime (ICPC)

Home page | Publications

Based in Montreal, Canada, ICPC is the only international organization dedicated exclusively to crime prevention and community safety. It was established in 1994 with the collaboration of several UN agencies to facilitate an emerging consensus on the role of governments, particularly cities, in promoting safety.

Gender-Based Violence Information Management System

To improve knowledge and understanding of sexual violence in conflict, several organizations have collaborated to develop the Gender-Based Violence Information Management System (GBVIMS). The GBVIMS includes a gender-based violence classification tool, intake and consent form, incident recorder and information sharing protocol template. Through these tools, the GBVIMS not only helps service providers collect quality data and analyze data but also enables safe and ethical sharing of reported GBV incident data. Partnering organizations include the International Rescue Committee (IRC), the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). For more information, contact Diana Arango, GBV Information Management System Project Manager, UNFPA (

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