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Tools and Methods

Social Accountability mechanisms have applications in varied contexts. Such mechanisms build citizen voice and create spaces for more pro-active engagement of citizens/civil society with the state. These mechanisms include right to information movements, citizen advisory boards and vigilance committees , public interest litigations, public hearings, citizens' charters etc.

However, social accountability mechanisms geared towards public expenditure management processes - mechanisms that seek to directly involve ordinary citizens in processes of allocating, disbursing, monitoring and evaluating the use of public resources - have proved very effective since it is this resource flow that puts policy into action. The graphic below illustrates how selected Social Accountability methods that have been used as entry points in the different stages of the participatory public expenditure management cycle. Click on the icons to learn more about the specific methods.



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Methods and Tools

Key Readings: Public Expenditure Management