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Disability may affect 400 million people in developing countries. People with disabilities are often excluded from school or the workplace and may depend – particularly children – on others in the family for care, and people with disabilities are also vulnerable to social exclusion. As a consequence, people with disabilities are disproportionately represented among the poor. Integrating disability concerns into the World Bank’s mainstream work is an important aspect of poverty alleviation.
Labor Markets
The ability to work is the only asset of many of the world's poor. Work can provide individuals with income to meet material needs, reduce social isolation, and impart a sense of dignity and self-worth. By creating opportunities for such work, efficient labor markets directly contribute to poverty reduction.
As the world’s population ages, countries must pay attention to the care and financial support of their elderly citizens. With increases in life expectancy and decreases in fertility rates, the proportion of older people has grown substantially, just as family support and other traditional safety nets have become less certain. This is placing great strain on public social security systems.
Safety Nets & Transfers
Safety Nets are mechanisms that protect people against the adverse outcomes of poverty. These include cash and in-kind transfer programs, subsidies, labor-intensive public works programs, and targeted human development programs, among others. Also included are mechanisms to ensure access to essential public services, such as school vouchers or scholarships and fee waivers for health care services or for heating in cold climates.

Strategy & Results
This work focuses on three areas:

  • Performance Monitoring & Evaluation.
  • Impact Evaluation to build a global knowledge base on development effectiveness and generating impact evaluation results, particularly in the core thematic areas of Active Labor Markets and Conditional Cash Transfer programs.
  • Strategy Development to support the formulation of the Social Protection & Labor Sector Strategy 2012-2022.

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